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Africa - Geography


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Africa - Geography

  1. 1. Africa Map Day! <ul><li>Cross out the following countries: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Botswana </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cameroon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gabon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lesotho </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bodies of water: Label in BLUE </li></ul><ul><li>Landforms: Label in BROWN or GREEN </li></ul><ul><li>OUTLINE all countries using the color of your choice </li></ul><ul><li>Use p. 57 & 62 in the CP textbook </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Malawi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mauritania </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Namibia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Swaziland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Zambia </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. “What is Africa to Me?” <ul><li>Later this week, we’ll be reading an excerpt from Countee Cullen’s poem,“Heritage,” where he eloquently describes what Africa means to him, an African American. </li></ul><ul><li>For this assignment, either draw a picture, or write a poem that is representative of your view of Africa.  There is no right answer here - only your impressions from what you've learned in school, seen on the news, or heard from relatives who may live there. DUE TOMORROW! </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is Africa to Me? <ul><li>On the back of your picture/poem, please answer the following questions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Describe the picture that you drew, OR explain the message of your poem. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What led you to choose the subject matter for your picture/poem? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where do you think your impressions of Africa have come from? Specific examples of movies, books, etc.? </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Heritage (excerpt) By Countee Cullen What is Africa to me: Copper sun or scarlet sea, Jungle star or jungle track, Strong bronzed men, or regal black Women from whose loins I sprang When the birds of Eden sang? One three centuries removed From the scenes his fathers loved, Spicy grove, cinnamon tree, What is Africa to me?
  5. 5. Peters Map AREA ACCURATE (1970s) Mercator Map (1569) For navigation; “true direction” &quot;the quest for the causes of arrogance and xenophobia has led me repeatedly back to the global map as being primarily responsible for forming people’s impression of the world.“ ~Peters
  6. 7. <ul><li>11,357,866,667 square miles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>that’s over 11 billion football fields. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If you were to give each person on earth - that's almost 6 billion people - land in Africa, you could give everyone almost two football fields </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pennsylvania = 46,058 square miles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Approximately 246,599 PA’s would fit inside Africa! </li></ul></ul>
  7. 9. What do you notice about the boundaries that have been drawn on this map?
  8. 11. Essential Question <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>How has Africa’s geography and history impacted its progress? </li></ul>
  9. 12. How has the continent on which modern humans evolved become associated with so many problems?
  10. 13. How has geography thwarted Africa’s progress?  <ul><ul><li>Agricultural revolution –  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Africa’s north-south orientation made it difficult for crops/livestock to spread </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>different latitudes require adaptation to different climates, day lengths, , diseases etc. . </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Africa’s native animals proved impossible to domesticate. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Shape of Africa – Jared Diamond </li></ul>
  11. 14. Geographic Challenges  <ul><ul><li>nearly a third of the countries of mainland Africa are landlocked </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the only African river navigable from the ocean for long distances inland is the Nile </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>waterways provide the cheapest way to transport goods </li></ul></ul></ul>Of mainland Africa's ten richest countries—the only ones with annual per capita gross domestic products over $3,500—nine lie partly or entirely within its temperate zones
  12. 15. Disease Prevalence  <ul><li>Malaria, yellow fever, HIV/AIDS, African Sleeping sickness </li></ul><ul><li>microbes have had time to adapt from one species to another (Africa = cradle of humankind) </li></ul><ul><li>microbes required the least adaptation to jump species (great apes, monkeys to humans) </li></ul>
  13. 16. Is the continent, or at least its big tropical core, doomed eternally to wars, poverty, and devastating diseases?
  14. 17. The Path to Improvement? <ul><li>Overcome govt. corruption </li></ul><ul><li>Harness natural resources: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rivers - hydroelectric power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>big animals –ecotourism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tropical rain forests – could be renewable, lucrative sources of income. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fund public health programs </li></ul><ul><li>Take advantage of GLOBALIZATION – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology - New connections geography has denied it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>English-speaking workforce could attract service jobs. </li></ul></ul>Nearly half of all African countries are English speaking
  15. 18. Essential Question   How has Africa’s geography impacted its progress throughout history?
  16. 19. <ul><li>Second largest continent </li></ul><ul><li>54 independent nations </li></ul>
  17. 20. Pre Class  <ul><li>Read the following statements, and write T or F to indicate whether or not each statement is true. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The values that Westerners hold dear today like political freedom and democracy had and have no tradition or history in Africa. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Africans are primarily tribespeople; Africans are organized first and foremost into tribes while Europeans are primarily organized into nations. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Africans are essentially primitive in lifestyle, art and technology because few or no innovations took or take place in Africa. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Africans have no literary, philosophical and historical traditions in either the recent or the far past. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Africans are not culturally diverse. Africans share an essentially unified culture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Africa is one country and the people there speak a language called “African.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Africa is mostly jungle, with some desert, and is highly overpopulated. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>North Africa is not considered a part of Africa. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 22. <ul><li>Abuja, Nigeria </li></ul><ul><li>Addis Ababa, Ethiopia </li></ul><ul><li>Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo </li></ul><ul><li>Mogadishu, Somalia </li></ul><ul><li>Khartoum, Sudan </li></ul><ul><li>Nairobi, Kenya </li></ul><ul><li>Dar es Salaam, Tanzania </li></ul><ul><li>Cape Town, South Africa </li></ul>