Dr Karine Melikidze
Director at Sustainable Development and Policy
(SDAP) Center www.sdap.ge
kmelikidze@sdap.ge
One of the former Soviet Republics.
Land boundaries: 1,461 km
–Russia 723 km
–Azerbaijan 322 km
–Turkey 252 km
–Armenia 16...
Energy Statistics:
Approximate Annual Electricity Consumption: 10 billion kWh
Approximate Annual Gas Consumption 1.5 billi...


In Georgia the buildings sector accounts for over 40% of energy
consumption in country’s energy balance. Buildings, esp...


In 2012 Georgia requested assistance of UNECE for development
of a national action plan on energy efficiency of the hou...
Development of National strategy (plan) for energy efficiency that will
outline priority areas:
Laws

and regulations
Fi...
The

overall strategy for the buildings sector SEAP in Tbilisi was set up
aiming at reduction of greenhouse gas emissions...


Action plan rehabilitation measures:

- upgrading/insulation of building envelopes;
- installation of modern energy eff...







creating an enabling policy/regulation environment
providing opportunities for setting up financial support
s...
10


For residential buildings



For municipal buildings

11


For residential buildings



For municipal buildings

12
SECTORS
& fields
of action

KEY actions/measures

Expected energy Expected
saving
per renewable
measure
energy
[MWh/a]
pro...
Multi-apartment

9-storyed single entrance residential
building built in 1978 consists of two identical units A
and B con...
Proposed energy saving activities
1 Heat insulation of walls
2 Heat insulation of roof (floor of attic)
3 Heat insulation ...
Energy saving potential (unit A)
Energy saving
Net saving
Investments into energy saving*
Payback period

244,791 kWh/year...
Energy saving potential (unit А)
Residential building in Temka sub-district (unit A)
Energy efficient activities
1. Heat i...
Residential building in Temka sub-district (unit B)
Energy efficient activities
1.

Installation of new windows

Energy sa...
19
20


Unit A



Heavy oil

Other

District heating

Electricity

Natural gas

Heavy oil

Other

Energy carrier

Natural gas
...
22


An instrument to help the local governments and other interested stakeholders to
evaluate the severity and extent of th...
Energy Passport meets the following basic characteristics:
It

is not a model of any particular energy system, but rather...
Thank you

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GSSD13 Solution Forum 6 (UNECE) - Action to green economy

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GSSD13 Solution Forum 6 (UNECE) - Action to green economy

  1. 1. Dr Karine Melikidze Director at Sustainable Development and Policy (SDAP) Center www.sdap.ge kmelikidze@sdap.ge
  2. 2. One of the former Soviet Republics. Land boundaries: 1,461 km –Russia 723 km –Azerbaijan 322 km –Turkey 252 km –Armenia 164 km • Capital – Tbilisi • Official language – Georgian • Government – Unitary • semi-presidential republic • Legislature – Parliament • Total Area - 69,700 km 2 • Population – 4 483,8 (2013 estimate) 2
  3. 3. Energy Statistics: Approximate Annual Electricity Consumption: 10 billion kWh Approximate Annual Gas Consumption 1.5 billion m3 Economic Statistics: GDP (PPP): o total - $26 094 billion (2012) o Per capita - $5 803 •GDP (Nominal): o total - $15 829,7 billion (2012) o Per capita - $3 519,6
  4. 4.  In Georgia the buildings sector accounts for over 40% of energy consumption in country’s energy balance. Buildings, especially the residential ones, are the biggest energy (and money) wasters and largest sources of greenhouse gas emissions in the country;  For the buildings sector new national construction standardization documents (codes) have not been adopted yet. The first draft of the new Georgian Construction codes that will reflect energy efficiency in buildings it is anticipated in December 2013.  In 2007 Georgia has adopted Law on House ownership, that lays down foundation for forming HOA management. 4
  5. 5.  In 2012 Georgia requested assistance of UNECE for development of a national action plan on energy efficiency of the housing sector, that had been approved.  The 4 -the International Forum: Energy for Sustainable Development followed by the National workshop, took place in September in Tbilisi as UNECE‘s direct response to the official request of Government of Georgia aiming at outlining a major situation and support activities for a EE Action plan for housing sector.  In 2011 Tbilisi City Hall signed Covenant of Mayors Initiative, a step which led to development of the Buildings sector Sustainable Energy Action Plan(SEAP) for Tbilisi City with the helping hand of the USAID NATELI/ SDAP Center. 5
  6. 6. Development of National strategy (plan) for energy efficiency that will outline priority areas: Laws and regulations Financial mechanisms (policy, schemes, capability of the banking sector, etc.) Management and rehabilitation of housing stock Improvement of technical capacities Rising public awareness of citizens 6
  7. 7. The overall strategy for the buildings sector SEAP in Tbilisi was set up aiming at reduction of greenhouse gas emissions through the sustainable use of energy resources and reduction of the overall energy consumption. Underlying assumption that led to setting this goal is as follows: - huge heat losses in winter since the main part of targeted building stock subsectors were built during the Soviet era. Two target subsectors: - municipal buildings -residential buildings 7
  8. 8.  Action plan rehabilitation measures: - upgrading/insulation of building envelopes; - installation of modern energy efficient heating systems; - replacement of incandescent bulbs with fluorescent ones; - implementation of pilot “low energy consumption buildings” projects; - utilization of “renewable energy resources” for heating and domestic hot water supply purposes. 8
  9. 9.       creating an enabling policy/regulation environment providing opportunities for setting up financial support setting up best practice examples (pilot projects) generating citizens support directly engaging citizens in energy efficiency implementation process engaging various parties into SEAP activities 9
  10. 10. 10
  11. 11.  For residential buildings  For municipal buildings 11
  12. 12.  For residential buildings  For municipal buildings 12
  13. 13. SECTORS & fields of action KEY actions/measures Expected energy Expected saving per renewable measure energy [MWh/a] production per measure [MWh/a] Expected CO2 reduction per measure [t/a] Action 1: installation of central heating systems 1:1055 1: 1482.9 Action 2: Installation of efficient lighting system 2:1147.5 2: 447.9 3: 3642.95 3: 753.8 per field of action     Municipal buildings, equipment/ facilities   Action 3. Refurbishment of residential buildings structure Action 4. Use of renewable sources for hot water supply purposes    1: 6305.3 Energy saving target per sector [MWh] in 2020 Local renewable energy production target per sector [MWh] in 2020 733,636 13,849.60 CO2 Reduction target per sector [t] in 2020   4: 753.8 4. 189   Residential buildings Action 2: Installation of efficient lighting system     Action 1: installation of central heating systems     Action 3. Refurbishment of residential buildings structure Action 4. Use of renewable sources for hot water supply purposes 1: 6305.3 2: 29410 1: 1225.5 2: 11730 3: 698381 3.141659.6 4. 1050 4:.210         165,998 13
  14. 14. Multi-apartment 9-storyed single entrance residential building built in 1978 consists of two identical units A and B connected to each other by the staircase. Building has been selected by Tbilisi municipality, since it is considered to implement heat insulation in one of the units with the objective of comparing actual results of heat consumption between the heat insulated unit and the unit without heat insulation. It is planned to monitor heat consumption and compare the data with the energy audit data. 14
  15. 15. Proposed energy saving activities 1 Heat insulation of walls 2 Heat insulation of roof (floor of attic) 3 Heat insulation of floor (ceiling of basement) 4 Installation of new metal plastic double glazed windows 5 Implementation of space heating and solar HWS system Proposed energy saving activities 1 Installation of metal plastic double glazed windows 2. Implementation of space heating and solar HWS system 15
  16. 16. Energy saving potential (unit A) Energy saving Net saving Investments into energy saving* Payback period 244,791 kWh/year 44,713/ 20,143 [GEL/ € year] 387,864 / 174,729 [GEL/ €] 8.7 years Energy saving potential (unit B) Energy saving Net saving Investments into energy saving* Payback period 143,829 kWh/year 37,662/ 16,967 [GEL/ € year] 317,873 / 143,199 [GEL/ €] 8.4 years 16
  17. 17. Energy saving potential (unit А) Residential building in Temka sub-district (unit A) Energy efficient activities 1. Heat insulation of walls Investment [GEL /€] 52,265/ Heated area: Saving [kWh per year] 63,904 23,545 1,674 m² Payback [GEL /€ year] 5,110/ NPVQ [year] 10.1 * 0.03 2,302 2. Heat insulation of roof (floor of attic) 5,293/ 15,499 754/ 7.0 0.38 3. Heat insulation of floor (ceiling of basement) 2,384 3,875/ 21,353 340 1,039/ 3.7 1.6 4. Installation of new windows 1,746 16,431/ 17,911 468 1,672/ 9.8 0.06 5. Installation of heating system and solar HWS 310,000/ 126,124 753 36,138/ 8.6 0.05 244,791 16,280 44,713/ 8.7 7,402 system Total 139,652 387,864 / 174,729 20,143 17
  18. 18. Residential building in Temka sub-district (unit B) Energy efficient activities 1. Installation of new windows Energy saving potential (unit B) Heated area: Investment [GEL /€] 16,467/ Saving [kWh per year] 22,521 7,418 2.. Installation of heating system and solar HWS system Total 301,406/ 135,781 317,873/ 143,199 1,491 m² Payback [GEL /€ year] 1,758/ NPVQ [year] 9.4 * 0.08 0.09 792 121,308 35,904/ 8.6 143,829 16,175 37,662/ 8.4 16,967 18
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  21. 21.  Unit A  Heavy oil Other District heating Electricity Natural gas Heavy oil Other Energy carrier Natural gas Unit B Electricity Energy carrier District heating Unit A Unit B Basic (kWh/m² year) - - 212.8 - - Basic (kWh/m² year) - - 217.9 - - After implementation of energy efficient activities (kWh/m² year) - - 66.5 - - After implementation of energy efficient activities (kWh/m² year) - - 121.3 - - Energy saving (kWh/m² year) - - 146.3 - - Energy saving (kWh/m² year) - - 96.6 - - Coefficients of CO2 emissions (kg/kWh) for Georgia - 0.202 - - Coefficients of CO2 emissions (kg/kWh) for Georgia - 0.202 - - Reduction of CO2 emissions (kg/m² g) year - 29.553 - - Reduction of CO2 emissions (kg/m² g) year - 19.513 - - Reduction of CO2 emissions (tonne/year) 49.471 Reduction of CO2 emissions (tone/year) 29.094 0.3999 - 0,3999 - 21
  22. 22. 22
  23. 23.  An instrument to help the local governments and other interested stakeholders to evaluate the severity and extent of the existing energy problems as well as to prioritize these problems in order to develop appropriate instruments to solve, or at least help ameliorate them;  Can be modified as needed in order to accommodate additional analytical and decision-making features to satisfy the future development needs of small territorial units like municipalities and/or regions of Georgia  It is interactive, bilingual (Georgian/English), enables users to choose among variety of options of data presentation (numerical, %, charts, etc), to retrieve and store data Operating System: Windows XP/Vista/7 or Windows 8 Screen resolution: minimum 1024/768 Ram:2GB (or higher)    23
  24. 24. Energy Passport meets the following basic characteristics: It is not a model of any particular energy system, but rather an instrument that can be used to create models of different energy systems; As a database it can provide a comprehensive system for maintaining energy information; As a policy analysis tool it can assess the effects - physical, economic, and environmental - of alternative energy programs, investments, and actions; It is expected to be used for forecasting energy balances and development of the energy efficiency action plans for each watershed (municipality) 24
  25. 25. Thank you 25

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