The civilization of ancient Egypt existed from about2800BC up to the time of Christ’s birth. It could befound close to river Nile and the Mediterranean Sea. Itis still interesting to learn about the society, clothing,architecture and writing of ancient Egypt.
SOCIETYIn ancient Egypt, society was structured from the Pharaohs at the highest level toslaves at the lowest. It was like a pyramid. The Pharaoh and Queen were at the topand they were the most rich and powerful. Pharaoh means someone who helpsand the Egyptians believed the Pharaoh would give help when they needed it. Helooked like a god, more than a person. Egyptians always had a Pharaoh unlessthey were fighting each other in wars. Underneath the Pharaohs came the nobles,grand viziers of upper and lower Egypt, high priests and high priestesses. At thenext level were the governors and the grand viziers. Craftsmen, artists, scribes andtax gatherers, were in the middle of society. Some scribes were more importantthan others because their job was to check the food supplies. Builders, farmersand wabs were at the lower level. Least important were the slaves. As you can see,there were many different levels in society in Ancient Egypt.
CLOTHINGThe Egyptians wore different clothing depending on whether you were a man, woman orchild. Egyptian clothing was nearly always white, and they dressed in patterned fabric. Thefabric was made from a crop called flax. Men wore loin-cloths, kilts and tunic style outfits.Women wore simple clothing, ankle length sheath dresses, shawls and cloaks.However, children wore nothing. The clothing also depended on whether people were rich orpoor. Rich people owned jewellery and used make-up, such as black eye paint and green eyeshadow. Some priests even wore leopard skin on their shoulders to show their importance.Most Egyptians put oils on their skin, to protect them from the harsh desert winds. They paidgreat attention to their heads, used face cream and usually cut their hair short. Egyptians woresandals on their feet, with hieroglyphs representing their enemies. Egyptians wore beautifulclothing but it is very different from modern times.
ARCHITECTUREIn ancient Egypt, most people lived close to the river Nile. Egypt’s most famousarchitecture were the pyramids, which were made from blocks of stone. They builtpyramid like this: first, they dug up sand from the desert. Then they cut it to the rightsize. They used tools that could slice. Then they moved the blocks to the right place bysliding them on wooden rollers. That is how Egyptians made pyramids. Egyptian houseswere different, depending on whether people were rich or poor. Poor people lived inhuts that had just 1 room. Egyptians did all their activities in that room. Houses weremade out of mud bricks mixed with straw. There was no glass so they cut a hole in thewall for windows. Rich people lived in much larger houses with many rooms like palaces.The houses were cool and shady, but families spent most of their time outside.Gardeners and slaves look after the house. Egyptians also built temples to be the gods’houses. There was one most important room that only priests can go inside. That roomwas very small. Temples also had a library, school, workshop, granaries and storerooms.So you can see that the most famous architecture in Egypt were the pyramids, but theyalso built large temples too.
WRITINGWriting in ancient Egypt is very different from our writing today. TheEgyptians were the first civilization to invent writing. It started withpicture writing, called hieroglyphs. This was what the pharaoh’s specialscribes were taught. There were 2 kinds of scribes. One was a high scribeand another is just a normal scribes. They had to learn more than 100different hieroglyphs. The scribes wrote hieroglyphs with pens and brushon papyrus. And there was a box made of reeds that held water. Picturewriting took a long time to do. So, Egyptians then made faster picturewriting. Eventually, the Egyptian writing became a lost language but wecan still see it today on ruins and architecture. It helped us to learn a lotabout language and history.
In conclusion this report has described thesociety, clothing, architecture and writing of ancientEgypt. It is clear that this is an interesting civilizationbecause their writing was so important to the world. Ilearned a lot about more about ancient Egypt whilewriting this report.
REFERENCE LISTAuthor Date TitleTim wood 1997 Ancient wondersClaire Forbes 1997 Ancient peopleGeorge hart 1990 Ancient EgyptFiona Macdonald 1997 The world in the time of TutankhamenJames Mason 1991 Ancient Egypt Resource BookJane Shuter 1991 The Ancient EgyptiansRichard Balkwill 1999 Ancient EgyptTony Allan 1997 Pharaoh & PyramidJames Mason 1991 The Tomb of TutankhamenDate visited Online2011.10.18 http://grade4.biss.wikispaces.net/