The civilization of ancient Egypt was very powerfulbetween 2800 BC and 1000 BC. It could be foundaround the River Nile. It can be separated into the oldkingdom, the middle kingdom and the newkingdom, which was called the pyramid age.
ClothingIn ancient Egypt, the clothing you wore depended on how richyou were. Rich people wore sheath dresses, with beautiful hairwigs and jewelry made of semi precious stones. Poor peoplewore linen kilts for men and simple dresses for women.Egyptians often wore sandals on their feet, made from leather.Spindle flax was spun on a stick to make fabric. Sheep’s wool wasalso used. Rich people could afford brightly-coloured clothes. Incold weather everyone in ancient Egypt wore cloaks of wool oranimal skin. Rich Egyptian men and women also wore wigs madefrom a mixture of real hair and vegetable fibres. The perfumegradually melted and ran down their hair and clothes. As you cansee, clothing in ancient Egypt was very different from today.
ReligionReligion was very important in ancient Egypt. They prayed to their godsat big temples almost every day. When the River Nile flooded, theyprayed to the river goddess of Hapi. Thoth was the moon good who hadknowledge of writing, medicine and mathematics. Wadjet was the sungod whose symbol was an eye. The Egyptians believed they went tonew places when they died. The most important god of all was Re, thesun god. The Egyptians believed that he was swallowed up each eveningby the sky goddess, Nut. The ancient Egyptians worshipped more than1000 different gods and the goddesses. You can see that religion was animportant part of their lives.
Food & AgricultureThe most important crops in Ancient Egypt were wheat and barley whichwere used to make bread and beer. Another important crop and flax,which was used to make clothes. The Egyptians ate a lot of onions, garlic,dates and grapes. Only rich people ate meat. The Egyptians had to farm theland when the flood water went down. They had to grow crops that couldbe cut before the next flood. The Egyptians also kept cows and geese toeat. They also hunted river birds and fish. The Egyptians had no machinesso they used animals for the job. Goats and sheep pushed the seed intoground as soon as it was planted. Oxen pulled the ploughs. Sometimes thefarmers hired people to play the flute to keep people company while theyworked. The farming year was divided up into the three seasons: the flood,the growing period and also the harvest. It is clear that food in Egyptdepended on farming and the Nile River floods.
Structure of SocietyThe Pharaoh ruled over all of Egypt. Under the Pharaohwere viziers, the high priests and nobles. Scribes were theonly people who could write so they were importantbecause they had to check on the food stores. For example,the scribes wrote down how many geese they were. TheEgyptians each did a different job. Some were farmers andothers were fisherman. They did not have any money sothey traded to get what they wanted and needed. Egyptianlife had a pattern. All women worked at home. MostEgyptian men worked two jobs when the water flooded orthe Nile was low. Only the most important priests did notfarm on land. When Nile flooded, the farmers had otherjobs. Some were builders or fishermen and jewelry artists.As you can see, everyone in ancient Egypt had a differentjob in society.
In this conclusion, you now know all about thestructure of society in ancient Egypt. This report hasalso described the clothing, religion, food andagriculture. It is clear that Egypt is an interestingcivilization because of the different lives that peoplelived thousands of years ago.
References ListAuthor Date TitleMary Stolz 1994 Zekmet the Stone CarverTim Wood 1997 Ancient WondersFiona Macdonald 1997 The world in the time of TuntankhamenScott Steedman 1997 The Egyptian newsOnline sources17.10.11 www.ancientEgypt.co.uk