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    Triple_Helix_of_Social_Events/Hubs Triple_Helix_of_Social_Events/Hubs Presentation Transcript

    • A comparison of the Daegu and Edinburgh musicalindustries: A triple helix approach
      Presented by: Gohar Feroz Khan
      Gohar Feroz Khan, SeongEun Cho, Han Woo Park
      This article is accepted for publication in the Scientometrics
      Cite as: Khan, G. F., Cho, S., & Park, H. W. (in press), A comparison of the Daegu and Edinburgh musical industries: a triple helix approach. Scientometrics, 1-15. doi: 10.1007/s11192-011-0504-9
    • Introduction
      Korean government’s desire to boost economy by holding social events
      For example, social events such as meetings, incentive tours, conventions, and exhibitions, festivals have been widely acknowledged in Korea
      Korean government want tourism industry to play a crucial role in revitalizing the national economy.
      Korea has hosted more than 1,000 regional festivals in the recent decade (Jung, 2011)
    • Examples
    • Examples
      The 2018 Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang;
      The 2011 World Championships in Athletics in Daegu;
      Pusan International Film Festival;
      The Gwangjoo Biennale;
      The Hi Seoul Festival;
    • Daegu city as a social hub
      Daegu City is a well-known social hub in Korea
      Home to several festivals and social events
      E.g. Daegu International Musical Festival (DIMF)
    • On the International Fronts
      Edinburgh (the UK), a well-known social hub is home to the Edinburgh International Festival (EIF),which represents the city’s musical spirit.
      Since 1947, the EIF has offered a wide range of cultural events (e.g., musicals)
    • Daegu V.S Edinburg
      The DIMF was initiated in 2006 to be the EIF’s Asian counterpart
      The primary purpose of the DIMF is to increase Korea’s international exposure and generate economic opportunities, and thus, its events focus on global audiences.
    • Research Question
      How has Daegu’s musical industry (MI) performed at the local and international levels?
      Specifically, how well has Daegu been integrated into the local and international musical industries?
    • Method
      Triple Helix Model & its Indicators
      To understand the systemness in MI
      Webometric Impact Analysis
      To understand web impact of MI
    • TH model
      Fig. 1 TH model
      Fig. 2 TH model of the musical industry (MI)
      For example:
      Negative three
      dimensional T-values (i.e., dme) indicates a decrease in uncertainty and
      an increase in the dynamics of the MI
      We used the hit counts of the three TH components (i.e., “Edinburgh,” “Daegu,” and “Musical”) to measure T-values
      Tdm = Hd + Hm –Hdm . (1)
      Tdme = Hd + Hm + He –Hdm –Hde –Hem + Hdme .(2)
    • Webometric impact analysis
      Webometric impact analysis is a convenient and effective tool for examining the effects of a phenomenon over the Internet (Thelwall , 2009; Park, 2010).
      Webometric Analyst (a new version of LexiURL) was used (Zuccala and Thelwall, 2006).
    • Data
      Hit counts and URL data was collected (2000-2011)
      Local Data-Naver.com for testing the Korean MI in the Korean context.
      Webpages and news media sites
      Internationaldata-Bing.com for testing the Korean MI in the international context
    • ResultsKorean Musical Industry: A Triple Helix Analysis (Local)
      Table 1 Hit counts for Edinburgh, Daegu, and Musical in the webpage category
      Table 2 Hit counts for Edinburgh, Daegu, and Musical in the news media category
    • ResultsT-values: Testing for Systemness in the Musical Industry
      The Webpage and News Media Categories
      Figure 3. T-values for the news media category
      Figure 2. T-values for the webpage catagory
    • ResultsKorean Musical Industry: A Webometric Impact Analysis (Local)The Webpage Category
      Table 3 A webometric impact analysis for the webpage category
      Key findings:
      • Surprisingly, inside Korea, the term “Edinburgh Musical” attracted more domains than the term “Daegu Musical”
      • “Edinburgh Musical” attracted diverse domains such as go.kr, re.kr, and ac.kr within Korea.
      • In comparison to Edinburgh, Daegu is a relative newcomer to the festival industry.
    • ResultsKorean Musical Industry: A Webometric Impact Analysis (Local)The News Media Category
      Table 5 A webometric impact analysis for media sites
      Key findings:
      • Indicate a lack of interest among news outlets in terms of local musical events (i.e., the DIMF) and their tendency to cover international musical events.
    • ResultsKorean Musical Industry: An International ComparisonWebometric Impact Analysis
      Table 6 A webometric impact analysis
      Key findings:
      • Official websites of the events had low visibility
      • Unlike Daegu, Edinburgh attracted considerable attention from domains inside the U.K. (83 co.uk domains).
      • “Daegu Musical” (10 domains) attracted more .net domains than “Edinburgh Musical” (5 domians).
      • In addition, “Edinburgh Musical” attracted a diverse range of domains.
      • Unlike Endiburgh, Daegu attracted few global social networking sites: myspace.com (3), scribd.com (13), facebook.com (5), and myspace.com (3).
    • Results Korean Musical Industry: A Triple Helix Analysis (International)Hit Counts
      Table 9. Results of TH-based searches using Bing.com
    • Results Korean Musical Industry: A Triple Helix Analysis (International)Hit Counts
      Figure 4. T-values in two and three dimensions
    • Discussion & conclusion
      This study makes innovative use of the TH model and its indicators by applying them to the musical industry.
      Daegu has yet to emerge as a musical hub on international fronts over web.
      To maximize the economic and social impact of Daegu as social hub; the organizer should target a diverse range of websites (e.g., social networking sites and commercial sites) as well as some specific domains (e.g., .co).
    • Limitations
      Search engine reliability
      Search engines generally do not provide accurate hit counts
      Therefore, the T-values, which used only hit counts, were only statistically valid.
      Further, we tried to measure the events as two separate phenomena on the Internet.
      However, because the Internet is a global phenomenon, such a classification method may not produce accurate hit counts for some terms.
    • Thank you
      Comments/Questions are welcomed