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geographyalltheway.com - IB Geography - Global Interactions: KOF Index of Globalization

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  • 1. KOF Index of Globalization http://globalization.kof.ethz.ch/
  • 2. Stopwatch - wwarby
  • 3. changes over time Stopwatch - wwarby
  • 4. Task on geographyalltheway.com 1
  • 5. KOF Index of Globalization
  • 6. KOF Index of Globalization Introduced in 2002
  • 7. KOF Index of Globalization Introduced in 2002 Swiss Economic Institute / Swiss Federal Institute of Technology
  • 8. KOF Index of Globalization Introduced in 2002 Swiss Economic Institute / Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Defines globalization to be ‘a process of creating networks of connections among actors at multi-continental distances, mediated through a variety of flows including people, information and ideas, capital and goods.’
  • 9. KOF Index of Globalization Introduced in 2002 Swiss Economic Institute / Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Defines globalization to be ‘a process of creating networks of connections among actors at multi-continental distances, mediated through a variety of flows including people, information and ideas, capital and goods.’ Three dimensions of the KOF Index of Globalization:
  • 10. KOF Index of Globalization Introduced in 2002 Swiss Economic Institute / Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Defines globalization to be ‘a process of creating networks of connections among actors at multi-continental distances, mediated through a variety of flows including people, information and ideas, capital and goods.’ Three dimensions of the KOF Index of Globalization: economic globalization
  • 11. KOF Index of Globalization Introduced in 2002 Swiss Economic Institute / Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Defines globalization to be ‘a process of creating networks of connections among actors at multi-continental distances, mediated through a variety of flows including people, information and ideas, capital and goods.’ Three dimensions of the KOF Index of Globalization: economic globalization political globalization
  • 12. KOF Index of Globalization Introduced in 2002 Swiss Economic Institute / Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Defines globalization to be ‘a process of creating networks of connections among actors at multi-continental distances, mediated through a variety of flows including people, information and ideas, capital and goods.’ Three dimensions of the KOF Index of Globalization: economic globalization political globalization social globalization
  • 13. KOF Index of Globalization Introduced in 2002 Swiss Economic Institute / Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Defines globalization to be ‘a process of creating networks of connections among actors at multi-continental distances, mediated through a variety of flows including people, information and ideas, capital and goods.’ Three dimensions of the KOF Index of Globalization: economic globalization political globalization social globalization Index value closer to 100 > the more globalized the country.
  • 14. Economic Globalization All that's left ! - pfala
  • 15. KOF Index of Globalization - Economic Globalization
  • 16. KOF Index of Globalization - Economic Globalization Long distance flows of goods, capital and services.
  • 17. KOF Index of Globalization - Economic Globalization Long distance flows of goods, capital and services. Actual economic flows - trade, FDI (foreign direct investment) and portfolio investment.
  • 18. KOF Index of Globalization - Economic Globalization Long distance flows of goods, capital and services. Actual economic flows - trade, FDI (foreign direct investment) and portfolio investment. Restrictions to trade and capital - import barriers, mean tariff rates, taxes on international trade.
  • 19. KOF Index of Globalization - Economic Globalization Long distance flows of goods, capital and services. Actual economic flows - trade, FDI (foreign direct investment) and portfolio investment. Restrictions to trade and capital - import barriers, mean tariff rates, taxes on international trade. Trade (% of GDP)
  • 20. KOF Index of Globalization - Economic Globalization Long distance flows of goods, capital and services. Actual economic flows - trade, FDI (foreign direct investment) and portfolio investment. Restrictions to trade and capital - import barriers, mean tariff rates, taxes on international trade. Trade (% of GDP) Income payments to Foreign Nationals (% of GDP)
  • 21. KOF Index of Globalization - Economic Globalization Long distance flows of goods, capital and services. Actual economic flows - trade, FDI (foreign direct investment) and portfolio investment. Restrictions to trade and capital - import barriers, mean tariff rates, taxes on international trade. Trade (% of GDP) Income payments to Foreign Nationals (% of GDP) Mean Tariff Rate
  • 22. Political Globalization Haiti Earthquake - United Nations Development Programme
  • 23. KOF Index of Globalization - Political Globalization
  • 24. KOF Index of Globalization - Political Globalization Number of embassies and high commissions.
  • 25. KOF Index of Globalization - Political Globalization Number of embassies and high commissions. Number of international organizations to which a country is a member.
  • 26. KOF Index of Globalization - Political Globalization Number of embassies and high commissions. Number of international organizations to which a country is a member. Number of UN peace missions a country participated in.
  • 27. KOF Index of Globalization - Political Globalization Number of embassies and high commissions. Number of international organizations to which a country is a member. Number of UN peace missions a country participated in. Number of treaties signed between two or more states.
  • 28. Social Globalization M like Muslim? - Marco Bellucci
  • 29. KOF Index of Globalization - Social Globalization
  • 30. KOF Index of Globalization - Social Globalization Personal Contacts
  • 31. KOF Index of Globalization - Social Globalization Personal Contacts Direct interaction among people living in different countries
  • 32. KOF Index of Globalization - Social Globalization Personal Contacts Direct interaction among people living in different countries International telecom traffic
  • 33. KOF Index of Globalization - Social Globalization Personal Contacts Direct interaction among people living in different countries International telecom traffic Degree of tourism
  • 34. KOF Index of Globalization - Social Globalization Personal Contacts Direct interaction among people living in different countries International telecom traffic Degree of tourism Information flows
  • 35. KOF Index of Globalization - Social Globalization Personal Contacts Direct interaction among people living in different countries International telecom traffic Degree of tourism Information flows Measure the potential flow of ideas and images
  • 36. KOF Index of Globalization - Social Globalization Personal Contacts Direct interaction among people living in different countries International telecom traffic Degree of tourism Information flows Measure the potential flow of ideas and images Number of internet users
  • 37. KOF Index of Globalization - Social Globalization Personal Contacts Direct interaction among people living in different countries International telecom traffic Degree of tourism Information flows Measure the potential flow of ideas and images Number of internet users Share of households with a television set
  • 38. KOF Index of Globalization - Social Globalization Personal Contacts Direct interaction among people living in different countries International telecom traffic Degree of tourism Information flows Measure the potential flow of ideas and images Number of internet users Share of households with a television set Cultural Proximity
  • 39. KOF Index of Globalization - Social Globalization Personal Contacts Direct interaction among people living in different countries International telecom traffic Degree of tourism Information flows Measure the potential flow of ideas and images Number of internet users Share of households with a television set Cultural Proximity Imported and exported books
  • 40. KOF Index of Globalization - Social Globalization Personal Contacts Direct interaction among people living in different countries International telecom traffic Degree of tourism Information flows Measure the potential flow of ideas and images Number of internet users Share of households with a television set Cultural Proximity Imported and exported books Number of McDonald’s restaurants and IKEA stores
  • 41. KOF Index of Globalization - The Top Ten Task on geographyalltheway.com 2
  • 42. KOF Index of Globalization - Globalization in France As in the previous year, the Globalization Index ranked France in 13th place. The economic, political and social globalization sub- indices also remained unchanged. In the field of economic globalization, the country holds a rather modest 34th place. At least, the previous year's downward trend did not continue. France still tops the index in terms of political globalization, a position it has held without interruption since 1998. The country's wealth of foreign embassies in Paris, its memberships in international organisations, the extent of its participation in UN peace missions and the number of international treaties it is party to is unparalleled.
  • 43. KOF Index of Globalization - Globalization in the USA The USA's ranking on the KOF Index of Globalization dropped one place to number 27. There has been a slight advance in economic globalization compared to the previous year. Both the "Actual Flows" sub-indicator, which includes trade and capital movements, and the removal of trade restrictions have led to an increase in economic globalization. All in all, globalization in the USA has stagnated since the end of the 1990s. Similar to most other industrialised countries, social globalization in the USA has remained unchanged for several years now. This is also true for political globalization which was rising until 1993 and has stagnated since.
  • 44. KOF Index of Globalization - The Bottom Twenty Task on geographyalltheway.com 3
  • 45. KOF Index of Globalization - Change over time: Norway 100 75 50 25 0 1970 1972 1974 1976 1978 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 Task on geographyalltheway.com 4
  • 46. KOF Index of Globalization - Change over time: China 100 75 50 25 0 1970 1972 1974 1976 1978 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 Task on geographyalltheway.com 5
  • 47. KOF Index of Globalization - Change over time: Norway and China China Norway 100 75 50 25 0 1970 1972 1974 1976 1978 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 Task on geographyalltheway.com 6
  • 48. KOF Index of Globalization - Evaluation Globalization is complex Regularly collected data? Does the possession of a television set make a household more globalized? Is a country that is proactive in volunteering troops for UN missions more globalized or are the reasons more complex? When calculating the index economic globalization is weighted at 37%, social globalization at 39% and political globalization at 25% - why not a third each? Which do you think is the ‘weakest’ data set? Task on geographyalltheway.com 7