[Primary] GeoCommand - Ash Cloud Shift


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[Primary] GeoCommand - Ash Cloud Shift

  1. 1. Welcome to your shift at GeoCommand - the European Geographical Advisory Service. You are in for a busy shift!
  2. 2. Your job is to operate the 140 Console. The 140 Console broadcasts news updates. Each update is a maximum of 140 characters.
  3. 3. You will receive updates from four different information streams. Air Traffic Meteorology Tectonic Health
  4. 4. This sound announces a new update. This sound requests a new 140 Console update. You will be asked to produce 140 Console updates about certain topics.
  5. 5. Your shift is about to start!
  6. 6. Tectonic
  7. 7. An unusual geographic event has occurred. Strong seismic Tectonic vibrations have been measured. They originate in the region of Iceland.
  8. 8. Tectonic
  9. 9. Iceland Eyjafjallajökull Tectonic Norway UK Location details. (Eyjafjallajökull: pronounced eye-a-fyat-la-yo-kutl)
  10. 10. 140 Console Update Where has the extreme geographical event occurred? What do we know so far?
  11. 11. Tectonic
  12. 12. On 26th February 2010, unusual seismic activity along with rapid Tectonic expansion of the Earth's crust was registered by the Meteorological Institute of Iceland.
  13. 13. Tectonic
  14. 14. The volcano became Tectonic more active on the 20th March, 2010.
  15. 15. Tectonic
  16. 16. Eyjafjallajökull erupted Tectonic on April 14th, 2010. (Eyjafjallajökull: pronounced eye-a-fyat-la-yo-kutl)
  17. 17. Tectonic
  18. 18. The eruption is the first in Iceland since 2004. Tectonic It is the first eruption near Eyjafjallajökull since 1823. (Eyjafjallajökull: pronounced eye-a-fyat-la-yo-kutl)
  19. 19. 140 Console Update What is the volcano’s eruption history?
  20. 20. Tectonic
  21. 21. Tectonic
  22. 22. Tectonic
  23. 23. Ash cloud Norway Tectonic The Netherlands UK France
  24. 24. 140 Console Update Can you summarise the current situation?
  25. 25. Tectonic
  26. 26. The last eruption in the Eyjafjallajökull glacier, in 1821, Tectonic caused serious flooding as the ice melted. (Eyjafjallajökull: pronounced eye-a-fyat-la-yo-kutl)
  27. 27. Tectonic
  28. 28. Tectonic
  29. 29. 140 Console Update How does the eruption affect local people?
  30. 30. Tectonic
  31. 31. The interaction of magma with water Tectonic created a plume of volcanic ash and gas over 10 km high.
  32. 32. Meteorology
  33. 33. Currently, high pressure over the North Atlantic Meteorology is directing the ash cloud towards the United Kingdom.
  34. 34. Meteorology
  35. 35. North-westerly winds spread the plume of ash Meteorology over North-Western Europe.
  36. 36. 140 Console Update What do airlines need to know about the volcanic ash cloud?
  37. 37. Health
  38. 38. Health officials have told those with Health conditions such as asthma to stay indoors.
  39. 39. Health
  40. 40. The Health Protection Agency said the ash particles can cause itchy Health eyes, a runny nose, sore throat or dry mouth.
  41. 41. 140 Console Update What health risks are there from the volcanic ash?
  42. 42. Air Traffic
  43. 43. Air Traffic
  44. 44. Air Traffic
  45. 45. In the past 10 years, more than 90 aircraft have suffered damage Air Traffic from volcanic ash, according to the International Civil Aviation Authority.
  46. 46. Air Traffic
  47. 47. Air Traffic
  48. 48. 140 Console Update Should aircraft be flying?
  49. 49. Meteorology
  50. 50. The Met Office have computer programs Meteorology that they can use to predict how the ash cloud will spread.
  51. 51. Air Traffic
  52. 52. Only a very small amount of ash is required to present a Air Traffic danger: less than 1 milligram per cubic metre
  53. 53. Tectonic
  54. 54. Meltwater floods (known as jökulhlaup) are rushing down the Tectonic nearby rivers, and have caused 800 people to be evacuated.
  55. 55. Tectonic
  56. 56. Tectonic
  57. 57. Air Traffic
  58. 58. No flights could mean a a shortage of goods such as asparagus, Air Traffic grapes, green onions, lettuce, pre-packed fruit, salad and flowers.
  59. 59. Air Traffic
  60. 60. Fruit is pre-sliced in African facilities and flown in. This means that even if companies Air Traffic could organise other workers, the fruit isn’t even in the right country.
  61. 61. Air Traffic
  62. 62. US president Barack Obama has also had to cancel plans to fly to Air Traffic Poland for the funeral of Polish president Lech Kaczyński.
  63. 63. Air Traffic
  64. 64. The International Air Transport Association said that altogether, Air Traffic European airlines were losing £130 million a day.
  65. 65. 140 Console Update What are some effects of cancelled air travel?
  66. 66. Tectonic
  67. 67. Almost all the 600 Icelandic people who were moved from their Tectonic homes early on Sunday morning have been allowed to return.
  68. 68. Tectonic
  69. 69. Inhabitants of 14 Tectonic farms were still ordered to stay away.
  70. 70. Health
  71. 71. Dangerous toxic fumes are in the air in the immediate surroundings Health of the volcanic crater, which can cause permanent damage to the lungs if inhaled.
  72. 72. 140 Console Update How is the volcano affecting local people?
  73. 73. Tectonic
  74. 74. Ingi Thor Jakobsson, manager of the Hotel Rangá located near the Eyjafjallajökull glacier: Tectonic “I hope the eruption continues for a while because it is very good for business” (Eyjafjallajökull: pronounced eye-a-fyat-la-yo-kutl)
  75. 75. Tectonic
  76. 76. Ingi Thor Jakobsson, manager of the Hotel Rangá: “There aren't a lot of Tectonic four star restaurants that can offer dinner and a view of a volcanic eruption”
  77. 77. Tectonic
  78. 78. Ingi Thor Jakobsson, manager of the Hotel Rangá: Tectonic “The hotel has begun offering helicopter rides over the volcano.”
  79. 79. Tectonic
  80. 80. According to Adolf Arnason, a police officer at Hvolsvöllur (the closest police Tectonic station to the eruption), the area has seen a sharp increase in visitors this week.
  81. 81. Meteorology
  82. 82. Most of the country remains unaffected by falling ash but south of the volcano, visibility Meteorology has been reduced to almost zero. Conditions are described as ‘extremely unpleasant’.
  83. 83. 140 Console Update Are there any benefits from the eruption?
  84. 84. Air Traffic
  85. 85. The event is described as "a major business and economic disaster" Air Traffic particularly with several European airlines already facing financial difficulties.
  86. 86. Meteorology
  87. 87. The Icelandic Meteorological Office says that the light winds prevailing in Europe and large amounts of Meteorology unmelted glacial ice above the volcano means the situation is unlikely to change over the next few days.
  88. 88. Meteorology
  89. 89. CO2 Emissions European Aviation Industry Eyjafjallajökull 350,000 tons of CO2 per day 150,000 tons of CO2 produced per day 200,000 tons of CO2 saved by 60% cancelled flights across Europe Meteorology
  90. 90. 140 Console Update What is the environmental impact of the eruption?
  91. 91. Health
  92. 92. Most families with children who are living in the fallout zone have Health chosen to leave. Those that remain are mostly farmers with livestock to look after.
  93. 93. Air Traffic
  94. 94. Air Traffic The ash cloud is expected to spread across Europe over the course of several days. There will be considerable disruption to air traffic.
  95. 95. Air Traffic
  96. 96. Asia-Pacific airlines, including Qantas, Air China and Thai Airways Air Traffic announce they have been forced to cancel more European flights.
  97. 97. 140 Console Update Your shift is ending. Summary statement needed before handover.
  98. 98. This simulation has been based on real events and information. You should now have a better understanding of the consequences of a volcanic eruption. You should also understand more about what Geographers actually do.