A basketball performer has to acquire many skills. Three basic skills in basketball can be identified as dribbling, shooting and the defensive stance. Describe the variety of movements at the differentjoints that take place when performing these skills. 6 marksExtension- underline or highlight the indicative content
A healthy active lifestyle and your muscular system.• In this topic you will learn the names of a number of muscles and the different types of muscular contractions.• You will look at the effects of training on the muscular system and the long term effects of regular participation.• The potential for injury, how diet can help to build and repair muscle tissue.• The effects of performance enhancing drugs on the muscular system.• Name the muscles that you know!
The Muscular system• LO• To know the major muscle groups• Know which activities benefit from them and the role of muscles in movement.• P137
INVOLUNTARY CARDIAC VOLUNTARYKnown as smooth A type of involuntary Also known as skeletalmuscle. They are not muscle as it is not or striated muscles.controlled and work controlled consciously Most common in theautomatically. They and works body. These musclescarry on functioning automatically. Only attach to the skeletonthroughout life. They found in the heart. and provide shape.are found in the We can consciouslyintestines, blood control these musclesvessels and urinary (nerves) and dictateorgans how they move.
Location and function of major musclesThere are 11 specific muscles you need to know.1. Deltoid2. Trapezius3. Latissimus Dorsi4. Pectorals5. Abdominals6. Biceps7. Triceps On your sheet underneath8. Gluteals each muscle state the movement it produces and9. Quadriceps where it takes place10.Hamstrings11.Gastrocnemius e.g. The gastrocnemius produces plantar flexion
On p 142 the summary table links the muscle with a sporting action. Write down a different sporting action for 5-11 the muscles.E.G the abdominal muscles cause flexion at the hips. This is needed prior to take off in the high jump. A/A* students – can spell and identify where the 11 major muscle s are and link a sporting action to all specifying the movementsC/D student- knows where the 11 major muscles are andcan only link a few to sporting actions with no mention of movement (terms)
Antagonistic pairs (p136)• The body is moved by muscle groups not by individual muscles.• Muscles can only pull on a bone (when they contract) to produce movement in one direction.• So another muscle needs to work in partnership in order to move in the opposite direction.• Therefore muscles are arranged in antagonistic pairs.• In your own words explain what antagonistic pairs are.
Draw 2 diagrams• Show the antagonistic muscle pair working at the knee joint to move the tibia and fibula.• Extension-• Prime mover (agonist)= pulling muscle• Antagonist= relaxing muscle• Identify these on your diagram