Muscles brain scan

619 views

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
619
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
109
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
7
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Muscles brain scan

  1. 1. BRAIN SCANBRAIN SCAN Brain scan is an interactive quiz for useBrain scan is an interactive quiz for useas a revision/ learning reinforcement toolas a revision/ learning reinforcement toolthat accompanies the theory package.that accompanies the theory package. To answer a question click the mouse onTo answer a question click the mouse onthe gold diamond shapes.the gold diamond shapes. To return to the questions from anTo return to the questions from ananswer slide click anywhere.answer slide click anywhere. To progress click on ‘next question’.To progress click on ‘next question’.
  2. 2. BRAIN SCANBRAIN SCANMUSCLESMUSCLESA.A. By relaxing.By relaxing.1.1. How do muscles work?How do muscles work?B.B. By shortening orBy shortening orcontracting.contracting.C.C. By lengthening &By lengthening &relaxing.relaxing.D.D. By stretching.By stretching.NEXTQUESTION
  3. 3. BRAIN SCANBRAIN SCANMUSCLESMUSCLESA.A. Smooth, soft & hard.Smooth, soft & hard.2.2. There are 3 types of muscle what areThere are 3 types of muscle what arethey?they?B.B. Smooth, cardiac & roughSmooth, cardiac & roughC.C. Long, short & flat.Long, short & flat.D.D. Smooth, cardiac & skeletal.Smooth, cardiac & skeletal.NEXTQUESTION
  4. 4. BRAIN SCANBRAIN SCANMUSCLESMUSCLESA.A. It’s the biggest muscle inIt’s the biggest muscle inthe body.the body.3.3. What is special about cardiac muscle?What is special about cardiac muscle?B.B. It’s very strong.It’s very strong.C.C. It never gets tired.It never gets tired.D.D. It has no fat on it.It has no fat on it.NEXTQUESTION
  5. 5. BRAIN SCANBRAIN SCANMUSCLESMUSCLESA.A. 10%10%4.4. How much of our body weight is muscle?How much of our body weight is muscle?B.B. 30%.30%.C.C. 20%20%D.D. 40%.40%.NEXTQUESTION
  6. 6. BRAIN SCANBRAIN SCANMUSCLESMUSCLESA.A. Bends the arm at theBends the arm at theelbow.elbow.5.5. What does the triceps do?What does the triceps do?B.B. Straightens the leg at theStraightens the leg at theknee.knee.C.C. Straightens the arm at theStraightens the arm at theelbow.elbow.D.D. Allows us to move ourAllows us to move ourhead.head.NEXTQUESTION
  7. 7. BRAIN SCANBRAIN SCANMUSCLESMUSCLESA.A. Front of the thigh.Front of the thigh.6.6. Where would you find the quadriceps?Where would you find the quadriceps?B.B. Back of the thigh.Back of the thigh.C.C. Lower leg.Lower leg.D.D. The upper arm.The upper arm.NEXTQUESTION
  8. 8. BRAIN SCANBRAIN SCANMUSCLESMUSCLESA.A. By ligaments.By ligaments.7.7. How are muscles attached to bone?How are muscles attached to bone?B.B. By bone.By bone.C.C. By tendons.By tendons.D.D. By a synovial membrane.By a synovial membrane.NEXTQUESTION
  9. 9. BRAIN SCANBRAIN SCANMUSCLESMUSCLESA.A. Cooperative muscleCooperative muscleaction.action.8.8. Muscles work against each other to createMuscles work against each other to createmovement. What is it called when musclesmovement. What is it called when muscleswork this way?work this way?B.B. Antagonistic muscleAntagonistic muscleaction.action.C.C. Aggressive muscleAggressive muscleaction.action.D.D. Muscle flexion action.Muscle flexion action.NEXTQUESTION
  10. 10. BRAIN SCANBRAIN SCANMUSCLESMUSCLESA.A. The static mover.The static mover.9.9. What is the moving muscle called duringWhat is the moving muscle called duringmuscle contraction?muscle contraction?B.B. The antagonist.The antagonist.C.C. The synergist.The synergist.D.D. The prime mover.The prime mover.NEXTQUESTION
  11. 11. BRAIN SCANBRAIN SCANMUSCLESMUSCLESA.A. Isostatic, isometric &Isostatic, isometric &isokinetic.isokinetic.10.10. There are 3 types of muscle contraction.There are 3 types of muscle contraction.What are they?What are they?B.B. Isotonic, isometric &Isotonic, isometric &isokinetic.isokinetic.C.C. Isometric, isolated &Isometric, isolated &isotonic.isotonic.D.D. Isotonic, isostar &Isotonic, isostar &isokinetic.isokinetic.NEXTQUESTION
  12. 12. BRAIN SCANBRAIN SCANMUSCLESMUSCLESA.A. Fast & slow twitch.Fast & slow twitch.11.11. There are 2 types of muscle fibre. What areThere are 2 types of muscle fibre. What arethey?they?B.B. Quick & slow twitch.Quick & slow twitch.C.C. Fast & slow contraction.Fast & slow contraction.D.D. Fast & slow flex.Fast & slow flex.NEXTQUESTION
  13. 13. BRAIN SCANBRAIN SCANMUSCLESMUSCLESA.A. Contract slow with a lot ofContract slow with a lot offorce, white in colour, tireforce, white in colour, tireeasily, suited to enduranceeasily, suited to enduranceactivities.activities.12.12. What are the characteristics of fast twitchWhat are the characteristics of fast twitchfibres?fibres?B.B. Contract fast with a lot of force,Contract fast with a lot of force,white in colour, don’t tire easily,white in colour, don’t tire easily,suited to endurance activitiessuited to endurance activities..C.C. Contract slow with a lot of force,Contract slow with a lot of force,red in colour, tire easily, suitedred in colour, tire easily, suitedto strength & power activitiesto strength & power activitiesD.D. Contract fast with a lot of force,Contract fast with a lot of force,white in colour, tire easily, suited towhite in colour, tire easily, suited tostrength & power activities.strength & power activities.NEXTQUESTION
  14. 14. BRAIN SCANBRAIN SCANMUSCLESMUSCLESA.A. Stomach muscles.Stomach muscles.13.13. The gastrocnemius is another name for whichThe gastrocnemius is another name for whichmuscle?muscle?B.B. Calf muscle.Calf muscle.C.C. Thigh muscles.Thigh muscles.D.D. Chest muscles.Chest muscles.NEXTQUESTION
  15. 15. BRAIN SCANBRAIN SCANMUSCLESMUSCLESA.A. Contract slowly,without much force,Contract slowly,without much force,red in colour, don’t tire easily, suitedred in colour, don’t tire easily, suitedto endurance activityto endurance activity..14.14. What are the characteristics of slow twitchWhat are the characteristics of slow twitchmuscle fibres?muscle fibres?B.B. Contract slowly,without much force,Contract slowly,without much force,blue in colour, don’t tire easily,blue in colour, don’t tire easily,suited to sprint activitysuited to sprint activity..C.C. Contract quickly,without muchContract quickly,without muchforce, red in colour, don’t tireforce, red in colour, don’t tireeasily, suited to endurance activityeasily, suited to endurance activityD.D. Contract slowly, with force, red inContract slowly, with force, red incolour, tire easily, suited tocolour, tire easily, suited toendurance activityendurance activityNEXTQUESTION
  16. 16. BRAIN SCANBRAIN SCANMUSCLESMUSCLESA.A. The point where a muscleThe point where a muscleis attached across ais attached across abone.bone.15.15. What is the origin?What is the origin?B.B. The point where a muscleThe point where a muscleis attached to a movingis attached to a movingbone.bone.C.C. The point where a muscleThe point where a muscleis attached to bone.is attached to bone.D.D. The point where a muscleThe point where a muscleis attached to a stationaryis attached to a stationarybone.bone.END QUIZEXAMQUESTIONSEXTENSIONQUESTIONS
  17. 17. CORRECT!!CORRECT!!!!
  18. 18. INCORRECINCORRECT!T!
  19. 19. EXTENSION QUESTIONSEXTENSION QUESTIONS How does your nervous system help your muscles to work?How does your nervous system help your muscles to work? What does involuntary mean & which muscles are involuntary?What does involuntary mean & which muscles are involuntary? How are tendons attached to a bone?How are tendons attached to a bone? Muscles are attached at both ends to different bones. What is theMuscles are attached at both ends to different bones. What is thepoint called where the muscle is attached to the stationary bone?point called where the muscle is attached to the stationary bone? When muscles are relaxed they still have some tension but notWhen muscles are relaxed they still have some tension but notenough to cause movement. When a muscle is held in this stateenough to cause movement. When a muscle is held in this statewhat is this state known as?what is this state known as? What kind of sport are more suited to if you have lots of fast twitchWhat kind of sport are more suited to if you have lots of fast twitchfibres?fibres? Muscles are made up of cells. What are these cells called?Muscles are made up of cells. What are these cells called? What happens to a muscle’s shape when it contracts?What happens to a muscle’s shape when it contracts?ANSWERS
  20. 20. EXAM QUESTIONSEXAM QUESTIONS1.1. What attaches muscle to bone?What attaches muscle to bone? (1 mark)(1 mark)2.2. IN which part of the body would you find the following muscles; Quadriceps, gluteusIN which part of the body would you find the following muscles; Quadriceps, gluteusmaximus, pectorals, gastrocnemius & hamstrings.maximus, pectorals, gastrocnemius & hamstrings. (5 marks)(5 marks)3.3. Name 3 different types of muscle in the body.Name 3 different types of muscle in the body. (3 marks)(3 marks)4.4. Explain how muscles work together to produce & control movement. Give an example toExplain how muscles work together to produce & control movement. Give an example toillustrate your answer.illustrate your answer. (5 marks)(5 marks)5.5. What is muscle tone?What is muscle tone? (2 marks)(2 marks)6.6. Explain what happens to a muscle in a state of either hypertrophy or atrophy & give anExplain what happens to a muscle in a state of either hypertrophy or atrophy & give anexample of when this occurs.example of when this occurs. (3 marks)(3 marks)7.7. Where in the body are the hamstring muscles? What movement takes place when theseWhere in the body are the hamstring muscles? What movement takes place when thesemuscles contract?muscles contract? (2 marks)(2 marks)8.8. Give 1 type of muscle fibre. Outline the benefits of this type of muscle fibre in sport &Give 1 type of muscle fibre. Outline the benefits of this type of muscle fibre in sport &physical activity.physical activity. (4 marks)(4 marks)9.9. In which part of the body are the pectoral muscles?In which part of the body are the pectoral muscles? (1 mark)(1 mark)10.10. Name 2 muscles that work together at the elbow to bend & straighten the arm.Name 2 muscles that work together at the elbow to bend & straighten the arm.(2 marks)(2 marks)11.11. What is the heart made of?What is the heart made of? (1 mark)(1 mark)12.12. How do muscles respond to exercise & how do they respond to under exercise?How do muscles respond to exercise & how do they respond to under exercise?(4 marks)(4 marks)ANSWERS
  21. 21. EXTENSION ANSWERSEXTENSION ANSWERS Signals from your brain travel through the nervous system & tellSignals from your brain travel through the nervous system & tellthe muscle to move.the muscle to move. Involuntary means that you have no control over it & they work byInvoluntary means that you have no control over it & they work bythemselves such as in the stomach, gut, bladder & blood vessels.themselves such as in the stomach, gut, bladder & blood vessels. Tendons are attached to bone by being embedded in theTendons are attached to bone by being embedded in theperiosteum.periosteum. The origin.The origin. This state is known as muscle tone.This state is known as muscle tone. Sports that require bursts of strength & power.Sports that require bursts of strength & power. Muscle fibres.Muscle fibres. It shortens.It shortens.
  22. 22. EXAM ANSWERSEXAM ANSWERS1.1. Tendons.Tendons.2.2. Thigh, buttocks, chest, calf/back of lower leg, upper leg at the back of the thigh.Thigh, buttocks, chest, calf/back of lower leg, upper leg at the back of the thigh.3.3. Smooth, skeletal, cardiac.Smooth, skeletal, cardiac.4.4. Muscles pull on bones so must work in pairs. One will contract while the other relaxes e.gMuscles pull on bones so must work in pairs. One will contract while the other relaxes e.gbiceps & triceps in the upper arm. The bicep contracts & the elbow bends & vice versa. Pairedbiceps & triceps in the upper arm. The bicep contracts & the elbow bends & vice versa. Pairedcontraction is necessary to control movement.contraction is necessary to control movement.5.5. A state of partial contraction when a muscle is not being used.A state of partial contraction when a muscle is not being used.6.6. Hypertrophy - growth, enlargement weight training. Atrophy - wastage, get smaller duringHypertrophy - growth, enlargement weight training. Atrophy - wastage, get smaller duringinjury.injury.7.7. Back of thigh - flexion.Back of thigh - flexion.8.8. Fast / slow twitch fibres (see power point slides for properties)Fast / slow twitch fibres (see power point slides for properties)9.9. The chest.The chest.10.10. Bicep & triceps.Bicep & triceps.11.11. Cardiac muscle.Cardiac muscle.12.12. Hypertrophy - get bigger, store more energy & produce more force. Atrophy - get smaller,Hypertrophy - get bigger, store more energy & produce more force. Atrophy - get smaller,produce less force & prone to injury.produce less force & prone to injury.

×