Terrorism and CERTCERT Basic TrainingUnit 8
CERT Basic TrainingUnit 8: Terrorism and CERT8-2Unit Objectives● Define terrorism● Identify potential targets in the commu...
8-3Unit Topics● What Is Terrorism?● Terrorist Targets● Terrorist Weapons● CBRNE Indicators● Preparing at Home,Work, and in...
8-4What Is Terrorism?The unlawful use of force or violenceagainst persons or property tointimidate or coerce a government,...
8-5Terrorism in the PastCERT Basic TrainingUnit 8: Terrorism and CERT
8-6Terrorist Goals● Mass casualties● Loss of criticalresources● Disruption of vitalservices● Disruption of theeconomy● Hei...
8-7Terrorist Targets● Seats ofgovernment● Key industries● Bridges, subways,tunnels, and otherkey transportationfacilities●...
8-8Terrorist Weapons1.Chemical2.Biological3.Radiological4.Nuclear5.High-yieldExplosivesCERT Basic TrainingUnit 8: Terroris...
8-9Chemical Weapons1. Blister agents2. Blood agents3. Choking agents4. Nerve agents5. Riot-control agentsCERT Basic Traini...
8-10Biological WeaponsRoutes of exposure:● Inhalation● Ingestion● AbsorptionCERT Basic TrainingUnit 8: Terrorism and CERT
8-11Radiological Weapons● Considered a higher threat becausecomponents are easy to obtainCERT Basic TrainingUnit 8: Terror...
8-12Nuclear Weapons● Derives destructive forcefrom nuclear reaction● Affected area is larger ascontaminated objectsspread●...
8-13High-Yield Explosives● Weapon of choice for terrorists Used in 80% of attacks● Military munitions: grenades, mortars,...
8-14Assessing the Risk● Types of terrorist weapons in order ofgreatest risk (least to greatest): Nuclear Chemical Radio...
8-15Eight Signs of Terrorism1. Surveillance2. Elicitation3. Tests of security4. Funding5. Acquiring supplies6. Impersonati...
8-16Attack Has Occurred or Is Underway● Vapor clouds or mists● Unscheduled spraying● Materials or equipmentunusual for the...
See CBRNE Indicators?● If you observe any indications of a terroristincident you should: Not touch it Move away from obj...
8-18Physical Signs of Chemical-Biological Attack● Sick or dead animals, fish, orbirds● Large number of personsseeking medi...
Preparing at Home, Work, Neighborhood● Personal and familysafety is first priority!● CERT members areNOT equipped ortraine...
8-20Prepare for Terrorist Activity● CBRNE events aresurvivable● Preparing for terroristincidents similar topreparing for n...
8-21Shelter-in-Place Procedures● Shut off ventilation systems● Go to your shelter-in-place room● Use precut plastic sheeti...
8-22Protection from Radioactive Fallout● Go deep inside a building(distance/shielding)● Stay inside (time)● Stay tunedCERT...
8-23Basic Decontamination Procedures● Leave the contaminated area● Take decontamination action Remove everything Wash ha...
Treating Others● First priority for a CERT member ispersonal safety Take self-protective measures only Do not attempt to...
What Professional Responders Will Do● Follow sizeup steps: What is going on How bad the situation is and how much worsei...
8-26Unit Summary● Terrorists attack to: Intimidate the government or the civilianpopulation Further their objectives● Th...
8-27Unit Summary (cont’d)Terrorist Weapons1.Chemical2.Biological3.Radiological4.Nuclear5.High-yieldExplosivesCERT Basic Tr...
8-28Unit Summary (cont’d)CERT Protocol for Terrorist Incidents● Terrorist incidents are a stop sign!● Do not proceed if yo...
8-29Homework Assignment● Review thematerials from theprevious units● Wear appropriateclothing for disastersimulation exerc...
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Cert unit8 jan2011

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Cert unit8 jan2011

  1. 1. Terrorism and CERTCERT Basic TrainingUnit 8
  2. 2. CERT Basic TrainingUnit 8: Terrorism and CERT8-2Unit Objectives● Define terrorism● Identify potential targets in the community● Identify the eight signs of terrorism● Identify CERT operating procedures for aterrorist incident● Describe the actions to take following asuspected terrorist incident
  3. 3. 8-3Unit Topics● What Is Terrorism?● Terrorist Targets● Terrorist Weapons● CBRNE Indicators● Preparing at Home,Work, and in YourNeighborhood● CERTs andTerrorist IncidentsCERT Basic TrainingUnit 8: Terrorism and CERT
  4. 4. 8-4What Is Terrorism?The unlawful use of force or violenceagainst persons or property tointimidate or coerce a government, thecivilian population, or any segmentthereof, in furtherance of political orsocial objectivesCERT Basic TrainingUnit 8: Terrorism and CERT
  5. 5. 8-5Terrorism in the PastCERT Basic TrainingUnit 8: Terrorism and CERT
  6. 6. 8-6Terrorist Goals● Mass casualties● Loss of criticalresources● Disruption of vitalservices● Disruption of theeconomy● Heightened fearCERT Basic TrainingUnit 8: Terrorism and CERT
  7. 7. 8-7Terrorist Targets● Seats ofgovernment● Key industries● Bridges, subways,tunnels, and otherkey transportationfacilities● Water supplies andutilitiesCERT Basic TrainingUnit 8: Terrorism and CERT
  8. 8. 8-8Terrorist Weapons1.Chemical2.Biological3.Radiological4.Nuclear5.High-yieldExplosivesCERT Basic TrainingUnit 8: Terrorism and CERT
  9. 9. 8-9Chemical Weapons1. Blister agents2. Blood agents3. Choking agents4. Nerve agents5. Riot-control agentsCERT Basic TrainingUnit 8: Terrorism and CERT
  10. 10. 8-10Biological WeaponsRoutes of exposure:● Inhalation● Ingestion● AbsorptionCERT Basic TrainingUnit 8: Terrorism and CERT
  11. 11. 8-11Radiological Weapons● Considered a higher threat becausecomponents are easy to obtainCERT Basic TrainingUnit 8: Terrorism and CERT
  12. 12. 8-12Nuclear Weapons● Derives destructive forcefrom nuclear reaction● Affected area is larger ascontaminated objectsspread● Potential for casualtiesextends beyond initialattack● Long-term effectsdifficult to monitor andtrackCERT Basic TrainingUnit 8: Terrorism and CERT
  13. 13. 8-13High-Yield Explosives● Weapon of choice for terrorists Used in 80% of attacks● Military munitions: grenades, mortars,surface-to-air missiles● Newer explosives called improvisedexplosive devices or IEDs Any device created in an improvised mannerused to destroy, disfigure, distract, or harassCERT Basic TrainingUnit 8: Terrorism and CERT
  14. 14. 8-14Assessing the Risk● Types of terrorist weapons in order ofgreatest risk (least to greatest): Nuclear Chemical Radiological Biological High-yield explosivesCERT Basic TrainingUnit 8: Terrorism and CERT
  15. 15. 8-15Eight Signs of Terrorism1. Surveillance2. Elicitation3. Tests of security4. Funding5. Acquiring supplies6. Impersonation or suspicious people7. Rehearsals and dry runs8. DeploymentCERT Basic TrainingUnit 8: Terrorism and CERT
  16. 16. 8-16Attack Has Occurred or Is Underway● Vapor clouds or mists● Unscheduled spraying● Materials or equipmentunusual for the area● Unusual odors or tastes● Out of place andunattended packages● Leaking packagesCERT Basic TrainingUnit 8: Terrorism and CERT
  17. 17. See CBRNE Indicators?● If you observe any indications of a terroristincident you should: Not touch it Move away from object or area Report it to authorities immediately8-17CERT Basic TrainingUnit 8: Terrorism and CERT
  18. 18. 8-18Physical Signs of Chemical-Biological Attack● Sick or dead animals, fish, orbirds● Large number of personsseeking medical attention● Multiple victims exhibitingsimilar symptoms● Multiple casualties withoutobvious signs of traumaCERT Basic TrainingUnit 8: Terrorism and CERT
  19. 19. Preparing at Home, Work, Neighborhood● Personal and familysafety is first priority!● CERT members areNOT equipped ortrained to respond toterrorist incidents● Terrorism incidentscenes are also crimescenes8-19CERT Basic TrainingUnit 8: Terrorism and CERT
  20. 20. 8-20Prepare for Terrorist Activity● CBRNE events aresurvivable● Preparing for terroristincidents similar topreparing for naturalhazards● Review Unit 1 guidelines● Certain actions morerelevant to CBRNECERT Basic TrainingUnit 8: Terrorism and CERT
  21. 21. 8-21Shelter-in-Place Procedures● Shut off ventilation systems● Go to your shelter-in-place room● Use precut plastic sheeting to cover airopenings● Tape sheeting over doors, windows, vents● Use duct tape to seal other areas● Listen to a battery-powered radio● Ventilate room once contaminants are goneCERT Basic TrainingUnit 8: Terrorism and CERT
  22. 22. 8-22Protection from Radioactive Fallout● Go deep inside a building(distance/shielding)● Stay inside (time)● Stay tunedCERT Basic TrainingUnit 8: Terrorism and CERT
  23. 23. 8-23Basic Decontamination Procedures● Leave the contaminated area● Take decontamination action Remove everything Wash hands Flush the entire body Blot dry● Report for decontamination● Food safetyCERT Basic TrainingUnit 8: Terrorism and CERT
  24. 24. Treating Others● First priority for a CERT member ispersonal safety Take self-protective measures only Do not attempt to treat victims incontaminated area Tell victims about decontaminationprocedures8-24CERT Basic TrainingUnit 8: Terrorism and CERT
  25. 25. What Professional Responders Will Do● Follow sizeup steps: What is going on How bad the situation is and how much worseit could get What measures can be taken to control theincident safely What resources will be needed8-25CERT Basic TrainingUnit 8: Terrorism and CERT
  26. 26. 8-26Unit Summary● Terrorists attack to: Intimidate the government or the civilianpopulation Further their objectives● Their goals are to: Create mass casualties Disrupt critical resources, vital services, andthe economy Cause fearCERT Basic TrainingUnit 8: Terrorism and CERT
  27. 27. 8-27Unit Summary (cont’d)Terrorist Weapons1.Chemical2.Biological3.Radiological4.Nuclear5.High-yieldExplosivesCERT Basic TrainingUnit 8: Terrorism and CERT
  28. 28. 8-28Unit Summary (cont’d)CERT Protocol for Terrorist Incidents● Terrorist incidents are a stop sign!● Do not proceed if you suspect terroristactivity● Simple guidelines: Do not touch Move away from object or area Report it to authorities immediatelyCERT Basic TrainingUnit 8: Terrorism and CERT
  29. 29. 8-29Homework Assignment● Review thematerials from theprevious units● Wear appropriateclothing for disastersimulation exerciseCERT Basic TrainingUnit 8: Terrorism and CERT
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