Francisco J. Estrada Vásquezhttp://justiciapenaladolescente.blogspot.com/El modelo de MissouriAprendizajes desde el sistem...
Missouri abandonó las prisionesjuveniles masivas en favor de pequeñosestablecimientos en la comunidad queenfatizan la tera...
Waverly Regional Youth Center
Waverly Regional Youth Center
Waverly Regional Youth Center
El estado de Missouri ha creado un sistemade justicia juvenil que ha tenido tanto éxitoen los últimos 30 años que se ha co...
Cuentan con un personal altamentecapacitado y entrenado, que trabaja enequipo con pequeños grupos dejóvenes.Los jóvenes so...
Lo logrado ha sido uno de los mejores resultados del país: menosdel 8 por ciento de los jóvenes en el sistema de Missouri ...
Missouris results have been so positive that Mark Steward, the visionaryformer director of the Missouri Division of Youth ...
Un hito importante se produjo en 1987, cuando la legislatura estatalcreó una Junta Asesora de Servicios de carácter bipart...
Elementos claves1. Manejo continuo de casos, desde el proceso postarresto hasta el cuidado post egreso de cárcel(“after-ca...
2. Instalaciones residenciales pequeñas,descentralizadas (no más de 50 jóvenes con unapoblación promedio de 20) dentro de ...
3. servicios dirigidos por pares en pequeñosgrupos de 10 a 12 jóvenes que permanecen juntosdurante todas las actividades, ...
4. enfoque de tratamiento de rehabilitación en elque no se utiliza ningún modelo de tratamientoespecífico, sino que cada j...
Missouri Juvenile Offender ClassificationSystemThe Missouri Juvenile Offender Classification System representsMissouris ef...
Missouri Juvenile Offender ClassificationSystemThe system also includes a method for assessing juvenile offenderadjustment...
Missouri Juvenile Offender ClassificationSystemThirty-five of Missouri’s 45 judicial circuits are currently using thesyste...
The objective of the Risk Assessment Scale is to permit accurateclassification of juvenile offenders referred to Missouri ...
The aim of the Needs Assessment Scale is to identify the type andseriousness of psychosocial need presented by juvenile of...
Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 219 Youth ServicesDefinitions.219.011. 1.As used in sections 219.011 to 219.086, unless t...
Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 219 Youth ServicesResponsibilities of division of youth services--rules,procedure.219.016...
Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 219 Youth Services(5) Preparing a master plan for the development of a statewidecomprehen...
Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 219 Youth Services(9) Upon request:(a) Assist local units of government in the developmen...
Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 219 Youth Services(2) Developing programs for the training and development ofprofessional...
Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 219 Youth Services5. The division is authorized to enter into arrangements with thefedera...
Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 219 Youth Services7. The division may provide the costs of stipends and tuition,allowance...
Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 219 Youth Services9. Upon the request of the division, with the written consent of thedir...
Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile CourtsPurpose of law--how construed.211.011. The purpose of this chapter is ...
Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile CourtsDefinitions.211.021. *1. As used in this chapter, unless the contextcl...
Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile Courts(4) "Legal custody" means the right to the care, custody and controlof...
Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile Courts(6) "Shelter care" means the temporary care of juveniles inphysically ...
Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile Courts(7) "Status offense", any offense as described in subdivision (2) ofsu...
Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile CourtsJuvenile court commissioner, appointment, where, term,compensation.211...
Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile CourtsJuvenile court commissioner, appointment, where, term,compensation.211...
Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile CourtsRights of child when taken into custody (Miranda warning)--rightsof ch...
Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile Courts2. If the child indicates in any manner and at any stage ofquestioning...
Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile Courts(1) If the child indicates in any manner at any stage duringquestionin...
Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile Courts(2) Notwithstanding any prohibition of hearsay evidence, all video ora...
Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile Courts(b) Such video or audio recordings were made prior to the adjudication...
Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile CourtsArrested child taken before juvenile court--transfer ofprosecution to ...
Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile Courts2. If any person is taken before a circuit or associate circuitjudge n...
Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile Courts3. When the juvenile court is informed that a child is in detentionit ...
Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile Courts4. A juvenile shall not remain in detention for a period greater thant...
Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile CourtsSecure detention, limitations--probable cause hearing required,when--d...
Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile Courts2. As used in this section, the following terms mean:(1) "Secure deten...
Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile Courts3. This section shall not apply:(1) To a child who has been taken unde...
Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile CourtsPetition in juvenile court--contents--dismissal, juvenile officer toas...
Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile Courts2. The petition shall set forth plainly:(1) The facts which bring the ...
Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile Courts3. If any facts required in subsection 2 of this section are not known...
Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile CourtsQualifications of juvenile officer, how determined--effect onpersons n...
Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile Courts2. This section does not terminate the existing appointment norpresent...
Referencias:http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=15784264http://missouriapproach.org/http://www.courts.mo....
Estrada 2013 El Modelo de Missouri
Estrada 2013 El Modelo de Missouri
Estrada 2013 El Modelo de Missouri
Estrada 2013 El Modelo de Missouri
Estrada 2013 El Modelo de Missouri
Estrada 2013 El Modelo de Missouri
Estrada 2013 El Modelo de Missouri
Estrada 2013 El Modelo de Missouri
Estrada 2013 El Modelo de Missouri
Estrada 2013 El Modelo de Missouri
Estrada 2013 El Modelo de Missouri
Estrada 2013 El Modelo de Missouri
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Estrada 2013 El Modelo de Missouri

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Francisco Estrada 2013
El estado de Missouri ha creado un sistema de justicia juvenil que ha tenido tanto éxito en los últimos 30 años que se ha conocido como el "Milagro de Missouri.“”
Lo constituyen una serie de prácticas que se combinan para hacer único el sistema de Missouri :
Se compone sobre todo de pequeñas instalaciones, en general diseñadas para entre 10 y 30 jóvenes, cerca de los hogares de los jóvenes.
Estas instalaciones no se parecen a las cárceles con las celdas tradicionales; sólo hay ocho celdas de aislamiento en todo el estado, que se utilizan raramente y sólo en situaciones de emergencia
http://justiciapenaladolescente.blogspot.com/

Material del Diplomado en Intervenciones especializadas con adolescentes infractores de ley penal. 2013
Universidad de Chile

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Estrada 2013 El Modelo de Missouri

  1. 1. Francisco J. Estrada Vásquezhttp://justiciapenaladolescente.blogspot.com/El modelo de MissouriAprendizajes desde el sistema de justiciajuvenil de MissouriUNIVERSIDAD DE CHILEFacultad de Ciencias SocialesEscuela de PsicologíaDiplomado en Intervenciones especializadascon adolescentes infractores de ley penal. 2013
  2. 2. Missouri abandonó las prisionesjuveniles masivas en favor de pequeñosestablecimientos en la comunidad queenfatizan la terapia y no el castigo.Cuando es posible, los jóvenes sonubicados cerca de sus hogares de modoque sus padres puedan participar en surehabilitación que incluye extensa.terapia de familia.Los responsables de casos manejan porlo general entre 15 y 20 niños.Waverly Regional Youth CenterThe cost per child in Missouri is$50,000 a year, half the nationalaverage of other traditionaljuvenile prisons.
  3. 3. Waverly Regional Youth Center
  4. 4. Waverly Regional Youth Center
  5. 5. Waverly Regional Youth Center
  6. 6. El estado de Missouri ha creado un sistemade justicia juvenil que ha tenido tanto éxitoen los últimos 30 años que se ha conocidocomo el "Milagro de Missouri.“”Lo constituyen una serie de prácticas que secombinan para hacer único el sistema deMissouri :Se compone sobre todo de pequeñasinstalaciones, en general diseñadas paraentre 10 y 30 jóvenes, cerca de los hogaresde los jóvenes.Estas instalaciones no se parecen a lascárceles con las celdas tradicionales; sólohay ocho celdas de aislamiento en todo elestado, que se utilizan raramente y sólo ensituaciones de emergencia.Marian Wright EdelmanPresident, ChildrensDefense FundAntecedentes
  7. 7. Cuentan con un personal altamentecapacitado y entrenado, que trabaja enequipo con pequeños grupos dejóvenes.Los jóvenes son tratados con respeto ydignidad, y en lugar de métodoscorreccionales más tradicionales, elsistema utiliza un modelo derehabilitación y terapia que trabaja paraenseñar a los jóvenes a hacer cambiospositivos y duraderos en sucomportamientoAntecedentes
  8. 8. Lo logrado ha sido uno de los mejores resultados del país: menosdel 8 por ciento de los jóvenes en el sistema de Missouri regresan ala cárcel luego de salir en liberta; y menos del 8 por ciento van a lacárcel de adultos. Un tercio de los jóvenes regresan a suscomunidades con un diploma de escuela secundaria o GED, y otro50 por ciento retorna con éxito a la escuelaAntecedentes
  9. 9. Missouris results have been so positive that Mark Steward, the visionaryformer director of the Missouri Division of Youth Services, foundedthe Missouri Youth Services Institute (MYSI) to help other jurisdictionsacross the country do what Missouri has done. But even with the provensuccess of the Missouri model, a set of myths persists implying thatMissouri is somehow different from every other state and that its resultscant be replicated. Its time to debunk those myths and for all states to stopmaking excuses and start doing the right thing for children.
  10. 10. Un hito importante se produjo en 1987, cuando la legislatura estatalcreó una Junta Asesora de Servicios de carácter bipartidista,integrada por legisladores y expertos con la responsabilidad deplanificar el tratamiento a jóvenes y los servicios disponibles en loscentros (la oferta programática, en nuestra jerga)Antecedentes
  11. 11. Elementos claves1. Manejo continuo de casos, desde el proceso postarresto hasta el cuidado post egreso de cárcel(“after-care”);
  12. 12. 2. Instalaciones residenciales pequeñas,descentralizadas (no más de 50 jóvenes con unapoblación promedio de 20) dentro de 80 a 120kms. de sus hogares;Elementos claves
  13. 13. 3. servicios dirigidos por pares en pequeñosgrupos de 10 a 12 jóvenes que permanecen juntosdurante todas las actividades, comidas, ytratamiento durante toda su estancia, yElementos claves
  14. 14. 4. enfoque de tratamiento de rehabilitación en elque no se utiliza ningún modelo de tratamientoespecífico, sino que cada joven tiene su propioplan de tratamiento que enfatiza los procesos degrupo.Elementos claves
  15. 15. Missouri Juvenile Offender ClassificationSystemThe Missouri Juvenile Offender Classification System representsMissouris effort to create an objective based decision-makingstrategy for managing youthful status and law violators referred tojuvenile and family courts.The complete classification system includes an empiricallyvalidated risk assessment for estimating a youthful offender’srelative likelihood of future delinquency, a classification matrix,which links the level of risk with offense severity to recommendgraduated sanctions, and a needs assessment for identifying theunderlying psychosocial needs of youth.
  16. 16. Missouri Juvenile Offender ClassificationSystemThe system also includes a method for assessing juvenile offenderadjustment to supervision through the use of a supervisionreassessment form, and a set of web-based reports on the riskand needs characteristics of youthful offenders
  17. 17. Missouri Juvenile Offender ClassificationSystemThirty-five of Missouri’s 45 judicial circuits are currently using thesystem for the purpose of case management decision-makingand workload estimation, 20 of which utilize Missouri’sautomated case management system (JIS), which provides for anautomated version of the classification system.
  18. 18. The objective of the Risk Assessment Scale is to permit accurateclassification of juvenile offenders referred to Missouri JuvenileCourts according to their likelihood of recidivating. Offenders areclassified as being at Low, Moderate, or High risk for new offensebehavior.The risk scale is comprised of the following ten “risk factors”shown by research to be associated with offense behavior:Age at first referralPrior referralsPeer relationshipsFamily dynamicsSchool behaviorHistory of abuse and/or neglectReferrals for assaultHistory of out-of-home placementSubstance abuseHistory of parental incarceration
  19. 19. The aim of the Needs Assessment Scale is to identify the type andseriousness of psychosocial need presented by juvenile offenders.Currently, the needs scale addresses the following 16 areas relevantto the psychosocial development of youthful offenders:BehaviorproblemsAttitudeInterpersonal skillsHistory of abuse and neglectMental healthSubstance abuseSchool attendance/disciplinaryAcademic performanceLearning disorderEmploymentJuveniles parental responsibilityPhysical healthParental management styleParental mental healthParental substance abuseSocial support
  20. 20. Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 219 Youth ServicesDefinitions.219.011. 1.As used in sections 219.011 to 219.086, unless the contextclearly indicates otherwise, the following terms mean:(1) "Aftercare supervision", treatment and control of children inthe community under the jurisdiction of the division;(2) "Board", the state advisory board of youth services;(3) "Child", a person under eighteen years of age;(4) "Commit", to transfer legal and physical custody;(5) "Community based treatment", a treatment program which islocally or regionally based;(6) "Department", the department of social services;(7) "Director", the director of the division of youth services;(8) "Division", the division of youth services.2. When consistent with the intent of sections 219.011 to219.086, the singular includes the plural, the plural the singularand the masculine the feminine.
  21. 21. Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 219 Youth ServicesResponsibilities of division of youth services--rules,procedure.219.016.1. The division is responsible within the terms of sections 219.011to 219.086, for the prevention and control of juvenile delinquencyand the rehabilitation of children.2. The division shall be responsible for the development andadministration of an effective statewide comprehensive programof youth services. This shall include, but not be limited to:(1) Providing for the reception, classification, care, activities,education and rehabilitation of all children committed to thedivision;(2) Administering the interstate compact on juveniles;(3) Collecting statistics and information relating to the nature,extent, and causes of, and conditions contributing to thedelinquency of children;(4) Evaluating existence and effectiveness of delinquencyprevention and rehabilitation programs;
  22. 22. Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 219 Youth Services(5) Preparing a master plan for the development of a statewidecomprehensive system of delinquency prevention, control andrehabilitation services;(6) Providing from funds specifically appropriated by thelegislature for this purpose, financial subsidies to local units ofgovernment for the development of community-based treatmentservices;(7) Developing written instructional, informational, and standardsetting materials relating to state and local delinquencyprevention, control and rehabilitation programs, as hereinprovided;(8) Cooperating with and assisting within the scope of sections219.011 to 219.086, other public and voluntary agencies andorganizations in the development and coordination of suchprograms; and
  23. 23. Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 219 Youth Services(9) Upon request:(a) Assist local units of government in the development ofcommunity-based treatment services; and(b) Provide technical assistance and consultation to lawenforcement officials, juvenile courts, and other community childcare agencies.3. The division shall be responsible for carrying out all functions,duties, and responsibilities pertaining to the prevention of juveniledelinquency as may be assigned to it by the director, including, butnot limited to:(1) Comprehensive planning and provision of technical assistancefor statewide and local programs for the diversion of children fromthe juvenile justice system, to the extent that diversion can besafely accomplished with due regard to the safety of thecommunity and the well-being of the children involved;
  24. 24. Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 219 Youth Services(2) Developing programs for the training and development ofprofessional, paraprofessional, and volunteer personnel in this field;(3) Cooperating with and assisting other agencies serving childrenand youth; and(4) Promoting the strengthening and expansion of those programswhich have been shown to be effective in reducing juvenile crime.4. The division shall cause to be made and maintained full andcomplete written records of all studies and examinations and of theconclusions and recommendations based thereon; of all majordecisions and orders concerning the disposition and treatment ofevery child with respect to whom the division provides, or arrangesto have provided, care, treatment, and supervision pursuant tosections 219.011 to 219.086; and to maintain records of all businesstransactions necessary for proper conduct and maintenance of thedivision.
  25. 25. Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 219 Youth Services5. The division is authorized to enter into arrangements with thefederal government for the receipt of federal funds to carry outthe purposes of sections 219.011 to 219.086 and, for theachievement of that objective, may enter into contracts andagreements with and submit such plans and reports to thefederal government as may be required and which are notcontrary to the provisions of this or any other act.6. The division, pursuant to regulations promulgated by it, shallestablish comprehensive training programs for personsemployed by it or to be employed by it in carrying out theprovisions of sections 219.011 to 219.086 and for personsemployed or to be employed by agencies and organizations, bothpublic and private, engaged in activities relating to theprevention of delinquency and the provision of care andtreatment to delinquent children.
  26. 26. Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 219 Youth Services7. The division may provide the costs of stipends and tuition,allowances for travel and subsistence expenses and, with respect toemployees of the division granted leave to undertake approvedtraining, continuation of the salaries and other benefits of suchemployees.8. The division may, at the request of the circuit court, provide orsupplement juvenile court services for children in that circuit, theextent of the services to be specified by written agreementbetween the division and the court. Children who receive suchservices shall remain under the supervision of the juvenile courtand shall not be committed to the division without full and properhearing as provided under subsection 1 of section 211.171.
  27. 27. Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 219 Youth Services9. Upon the request of the division, with the written consent of thedirector of the department, the office of administration shall draw awarrant payable to the business manager of the division or any ofits facilities, in an amount to be specified by the director of thedepartment, not to exceed, however, the sum of four thousanddollars for each such facility. The sum shall be administered by thebusiness manager as a revolving fund to be used in the payment ofincidental expenses of the facility for which he has been appointed.All expenditures shall be made in accordance with rules andregulations established by the office of administration.10. No rule or portion of a rule promulgated under the authority ofthis chapter shall become effective unless it has been promulgatedpursuant to the provisions of section 536.024.
  28. 28. Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile CourtsPurpose of law--how construed.211.011. The purpose of this chapter is to facilitate thecare, protection and discipline of children who comewithin the jurisdiction of the juvenile court. This chaptershall be liberally construed, therefore, to the end that each childcoming within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court shall receivesuch care, guidance and control as will conduce to the childswelfare and the best interests of the state, and that when suchchild is removed from the control of his parents the court shallsecure for him care as nearly as possible equivalent to that whichshould have been given him by them. The child welfare policy ofthis state is what is in the best interests of the child.
  29. 29. Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile CourtsDefinitions.211.021. *1. As used in this chapter, unless the contextclearly requires otherwise:(1) "Adult" means a person seventeen years of age or older exceptfor seventeen-year-old children as defined in this section;(2) "Child" means any person under seventeen years of age andshall mean, in addition, any person over seventeen but not yeteighteen years of age alleged to have committed a status offense;(3) "Juvenile court" means the juvenile division or divisions of thecircuit court of the county, or judges while hearing juvenile casesassigned to them;
  30. 30. Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile Courts(4) "Legal custody" means the right to the care, custody and controlof a child and the duty to provide food, clothing, shelter, ordinarymedical care, education, treatment and discipline of a child. Legalcustody may be taken from a parent only by court action and if thelegal custody is taken from a parent without termination of parentalrights, the parents duty to provide support continues even thoughthe person having legal custody may provide the necessities of dailyliving;(5) "Parent" means either a natural parent or a parent by adoptionand if the child is illegitimate, "parent" means the mother;
  31. 31. Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile Courts(6) "Shelter care" means the temporary care of juveniles inphysically unrestricting facilities pending final court disposition.These facilities may include:(a) "Foster home", the private home of foster parents providingtwenty-four-hour care to one to three children unrelated to thefoster parents by blood, marriage or adoption;(b) "Group foster home", the private home of foster parentsproviding twenty-four-hour care to no more than six childrenunrelated to the foster parents by blood, marriage or adoption;(c) "Group home", a child care facility which approximates a familysetting, provides access to community activities and resources,and provides care to no more than twelve children;
  32. 32. Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile Courts(7) "Status offense", any offense as described in subdivision (2) ofsubsection 1 of section 211.031.2. The amendments to subsection 1 of this section, as provided forin this act**, shall not take effect until such time as appropriationsby the general assembly for additional juvenile officer full-timeequivalents and deputy juvenile officer full-time equivalents shallexceed by one million nine hundred thousand dollars the amountspent by the state for such officers in fiscal year 2007 andappropriations by the general assembly to single first class countiesfor juvenile court personnel costs shall exceed by one million ninehundred thousand dollars the amount spent by the state for suchjuvenile court personnel costs in fiscal year 2007 and notice of suchappropriations has been given to the revisor of statutes.
  33. 33. Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile CourtsJuvenile court commissioner, appointment, where, term,compensation.211.023.In each county of the first class having a charter form ofgovernment, except those counties having a family court asprovided in sections 487.010 to 487.190, a majority of the circuitjudges, en banc, may appoint one or two persons who shall havethe same qualifications as a circuit judge to act as commissioners.The commissioners shall be appointed for a term of four years. Thecompensation of a commissioner shall be the same as set by law forassociate circuit judges of the county for which they are appointed,payable by the state, and the commissioners shall devote full timeto such duties.
  34. 34. Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile CourtsJuvenile court commissioner, appointment, where, term,compensation.211.023.In each county of the first class having a charter form ofgovernment, except those counties having a family court asprovided in sections 487.010 to 487.190, a majority of the circuitjudges, en banc, may appoint one or two persons who shall havethe same qualifications as a circuit judge to act as commissioners.The commissioners shall be appointed for a term of four years. Thecompensation of a commissioner shall be the same as set by lawfor associate circuit judges of the county for which they areappointed, payable by the state, and the commissioners shalldevote full time to such duties.
  35. 35. Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile CourtsRights of child when taken into custody (Miranda warning)--rightsof child in custody in abuse and neglect cases.211.059. 1. When achild is taken into custody by a juvenile officer or law enforcementofficial, with or without a warrant for an offense in violation of thejuvenile code or the general law which would place the child underthe jurisdiction of the juvenile court pursuant to subdivision (2) or (3)of subsection 1 of section 211.031, the child shall be advised prior toquestioning:(1) That he has the right to remain silent; and(2) That any statement he does make to anyone can be and may beused against him; and(3) That he has a right to have a parent, guardian or custodianpresent during questioning; and(4) That he has a right to consult with an attorney and that one willbe appointed and paid for him if he cannot afford one.
  36. 36. Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile Courts2. If the child indicates in any manner and at any stage ofquestioning pursuant to this section that he does not wish to bequestioned further, the officer shall cease questioning.3. When a child is taken into custody by a juvenile officer or lawenforcement official which places the child under the jurisdictionof the juvenile court under subdivision (1) of subsection 1 ofsection 211.031, including any interactions with the child by thechildrens division, the following shall apply:
  37. 37. Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile Courts(1) If the child indicates in any manner at any stage duringquestioning involving the alleged abuse and neglect that thechild does not wish to be questioned any further on theallegations, or that the child wishes to have his or her parent,legal guardian, or custodian if such parent, guardian, orcustodian is not the alleged perpetrator, or his or herattorney present during questioning as to the alleged abuse,the questioning of the child shall cease on the alleged abuseand neglect until such a time that the child does not object totalking about the alleged abuse and neglect unless theinterviewer has reason to believe that the parent, legalguardian, or custodian is acting to protect the allegedperpetrator. Nothing in this subdivision shall be construed toprevent the asking of any questions necessary for the care,treatment, or placement of a child; and
  38. 38. Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile Courts(2) Notwithstanding any prohibition of hearsay evidence, all video oraudio recordings of any meetings, interviews, or interrogations of achild shall be presumed admissible as evidence in any court oradministrative proceeding involving the child if the following conditionsare met:(a) Such meetings, interviews, or interrogations of the child areconducted by the state prior to or after the child is taken into thecustody of the state; and
  39. 39. Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile Courts(b) Such video or audio recordings were made prior to the adjudicationhearing in the case. Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed toprohibit the videotaping or audiotaping of any such meetings,interviews, or interrogations of a child after the adjudication hearing;and(3) Only upon a showing by clear and convincing evidence that such avideo or audio recording lacks sufficient indicia of reliability shall suchrecording be inadmissible.The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to statementsadmissible under section 491.075 or 492.304 in criminal proceedings.
  40. 40. Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile CourtsArrested child taken before juvenile court--transfer ofprosecution to juvenile court--limitations on detention ofjuvenile--detention hearing, notice.211.061.1. When a child is taken into custody with or without warrant foran offense, the child, together with any information concerning thechild and the personal property found in the childs possession,shall be taken immediately and directly before the juvenile court ordelivered to the juvenile officer or person acting for him.
  41. 41. Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile Courts2. If any person is taken before a circuit or associate circuitjudge not assigned to juvenile court or a municipal judge, andit is then, or at any time thereafter, ascertained that he or shewas under the age of seventeen years at the time he or she isalleged to have committed the offense, or that he or she issubject to the jurisdiction of the juvenile court as provided bythis chapter, it is the duty of the judge forthwith to transferthe case or refer the matter to the juvenile court, and directthe delivery of such person, together with informationconcerning him or her and the personal property found in hisor her possession, to the juvenile officer or person acting assuch.
  42. 42. Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile Courts3. When the juvenile court is informed that a child is in detentionit shall examine the reasons therefor and shall immediately:(1) Order the child released; or(2) Order the child continued in detention until a detentionhearing is held. An order to continue the child in detention shallonly be entered upon the filing of a petition or motion to modifyand a determination by the court that probable cause exists tobelieve that the child has committed acts specified in the petitionor motion that bring the child within the jurisdiction of the courtunder subdivision (2) or (3) of subsection 1 of section 211.031.
  43. 43. Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile Courts4. A juvenile shall not remain in detention for a period greater thantwenty-four hours unless the court orders a detention hearing. Ifsuch hearing is not held within three days, excluding Saturdays,Sundays and legal holidays, the juvenile shall be released fromdetention unless the court for good cause orders the hearingcontinued. The detention hearing shall be held within the judicialcircuit at a date, time and place convenient to the court. Notice ofthe date, time and place of a detention hearing, and of the right tocounsel, shall be given to the juvenile and his or her custodian inperson, by telephone, or by such other expeditious method as isavailable.
  44. 44. Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile CourtsSecure detention, limitations--probable cause hearing required,when--definitions--application of law.211.063. 1. A child accused of violating the provisions of subdivision (2)of subsection 1 of section 211.031 shall not be held in a securedetention placement for a period greater than twenty-four hours,excluding Saturdays, Sundays and legal holidays, unless the court findspursuant to a probable cause hearing held within that twenty-four-hour period, that the child has violated the conditions of a valid courtorder and that:(1) The child has a record of willful failure to appear at juvenile courtproceedings; or(2) The child has a record of violent conduct resulting in physical injuryto self or others; or(3) The child has a record of leaving a court-ordered placement, otherthan secure detention, without permission.
  45. 45. Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile Courts2. As used in this section, the following terms mean:(1) "Secure detention", any public or private residential facility used forthe temporary placement of any child if such facility includesconstruction fixtures designed to physically restrict the movements andactivities of children held in the lawful custody of such facility;(2) "Valid court order", an order issued by a court of competentjurisdiction regarding a child who has been brought before the court,which sets forth specific conditions of behavior for the child andconsequences of violations of such conditions.
  46. 46. Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile Courts3. This section shall not apply:(1) To a child who has been taken under the jurisdiction of thecourt pursuant to subdivision (3) of subsection 1 of section211.031; or(2) To a child who was adjudicated pursuant to subdivision (3) ofsubsection 1 of section 211.031 after being taken under thejurisdiction of the court; or(3) To a child who is currently charged with a violation undersubdivision (3) of subsection 1 of section 211.031.
  47. 47. Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile CourtsPetition in juvenile court--contents--dismissal, juvenile officer toassess impact on best interest of child.211.091.1. The petition shall be entitled "In the interest of ............., a childunder seventeen years of age" or "In the interest of ..........., achild seventeen years of age" or "In the interest of ................, aperson seventeen years of age" as appropriate to the subsectionof section 211.031 that provides the basis for the filing of thepetition.
  48. 48. Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile Courts2. The petition shall set forth plainly:(1) The facts which bring the child or person seventeen years of agewithin the jurisdiction of the court;(2) The full name, birth date, and residence of the child or personseventeen years of age;(3) The names and residence of his or her parents, if living;(4) The name and residence of his or her legal guardian if there beone, of the person having custody of the child or person seventeenyears of age or of the nearest known relative if no parent orguardian can be found; and(5) Any other pertinent data or information.
  49. 49. Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile Courts3. If any facts required in subsection 2 of this section are not knownby the petitioner, the petition shall so state.4. Prior to the voluntary dismissal of a petition filed under thissection, the juvenile officer shall assess the impact of such dismissalon the best interests of the child, and shall take all actionspracticable to minimize any negative impact.
  50. 50. Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile CourtsQualifications of juvenile officer, how determined--effect onpersons now in office.211.361. 1. Whenever the need arises for theappointment of a juvenile officer, the juvenile court shall either:(1) Provide, by rule of court, for open competitive written and oralexaminations and create an eligible list of persons who possess thequalifications prescribed by subdivision (2) and who havesuccessfully passed such examination; or(2) Appoint any person over the age of twenty-one years who hascompleted satisfactorily four years of college education with a majorin sociology or related subjects or who, in lieu of such academictraining, has had four years or more experience in social work withjuveniles in probation or allied services.
  51. 51. Missouri Revised StatutesChapter 211 Juvenile Courts2. This section does not terminate the existing appointment norpresent term of office of any juvenile officer or deputy juvenileofficer in any county, but it applies to any appointment to be madeafter the existing appointment or term of office of any incumbentterminates or expires for any reason whatsoever.
  52. 52. Referencias:http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=15784264http://missouriapproach.org/http://www.courts.mo.gov/page.jsp?id=1741http://www.nytimes.com/2009/03/27/us/27juvenile.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0http://www.dss.mo.gov/dys/index.htm
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