CTOSE<br />Fatima Nanavati<br />
Octolysis<br />Legend:<br />Red: Oxygen<br />Yellow: Carbon<br />Blue: Phosphate <br />(Phosphorolation)<br />Octose 8 Pho...
What is Octose?<br />A monosaccharide with eight carbons<br />Molecular Formula: C8H16O6<br />Empirical Formula: C4H8O3<br...
Octose<br />OH<br />OH<br />OH<br />OH<br />OH<br />OH<br />CH2OH<br />CH2OH<br />CH2OH<br />O<br />O<br />O<br />HO<br />...
Octolysis<br />Legend:<br />Red: Oxygen<br />Yellow: Carbon<br />Blue: Phosphate <br />8<br />7<br />ATP<br />6<br />1<br ...
Octolysis<br />Legend:<br />Red: Oxygen<br />Yellow: Carbon<br />Blue: Phosphate <br />ATP<br />ADP<br />Altose 8 Phosphat...
Octolysis<br />Legend:<br />Red: Oxygen<br />Yellow: Carbon<br />Blue: Phosphate <br />Octose 1,8 Bisphosphate<br />
Octolysis<br />Legend:<br />Red: Oxygen<br />Yellow: Carbon<br />Blue: Phosphate <br />TCP<br />G4P<br />GlycerAldehyde 4 ...
Octolysis<br />Legend:<br />Red: Oxygen<br />Yellow: Carbon<br />Blue: Phosphate <br />X2<br />G4P<br />
Octolysis<br />Legend:<br />Red: Oxygen<br />Yellow: Carbon<br />Blue: Phosphate <br />X2<br />NAD+<br />NADH<br />1,4 Bis...
Octolysis<br />Legend:<br />Red: Oxygen<br />Yellow: Carbon<br />Blue: Phosphate <br />X2<br />ADP<br />ATP<br />4 Phospho...
Octolysis<br />Legend:<br />Red: Oxygen<br />Yellow: Carbon<br />Blue: Phosphate <br />X2<br />2 PhosphoOctcelerate<br />
Octolysis<br />Legend:<br />Red: Oxygen<br />Yellow: Carbon<br />Blue: Phosphate <br />X2<br />PhosphoenolOctcelerate<br />
Octolysis<br />Legend:<br />Red: Oxygen<br />Yellow: Carbon<br />Blue: Phosphate <br />X2<br />ADP<br />ATP<br />Tetrovate...
Tetrovate Oxidation<br />Legend:<br />Yellow: Carbon<br />Tetrovate<br />CO2<br />NAD+<br />( Decarboxylation )<br />Glyce...
Berks Cycle<br />Legend:<br />Yellow: Carbon<br />7C<br />Heptate<br />NAD+<br />CO2<br />NADH<br />Citrate <br />6C<br />
Berks Cycle<br />Legend:<br />Yellow: Carbon<br />Iso-Citrate <br />6C<br />NAD+<br />CO2<br />NADH<br />5C<br />Alpha Ket...
CO2<br />Berks Cycle<br />Legend:<br />Yellow: Carbon<br />CoA - SH<br />CoA - SH<br />NAD+<br />4C<br />ADP<br />Succinyl...
Berks Cycle<br />Legend:<br />Yellow: Carbon<br />Malate<br />FAD+<br />4C<br />H2O<br />4C<br />Fumerate<br />FADH2<br />
Berks Cycle<br />Legend:<br />Yellow: Carbon<br />(Cycle Repeats)<br />Oxaloacetate<br />4C<br />NAD+<br />NADH<br />
Berks Cycle<br />CO2<br />3<br />6<br />NADH<br />4<br />8<br />FADH2<br />1<br />2<br />ATP<br />1<br />2<br />1 Pass<br ...
Adenosine Triphosphate<br />Octolysis<br />2 ATP + 4 ATP (2 NADH  2 FADH2)<br />Oxidation<br />6 ATP (2 NADH through ETC)...
Nivlac<br />Octose will do better (photosynthesize more) than C3 plants when the temperature is between 16°C and 26°C<br /...
Nivlac<br />The photorespiration of octose increases, when there is a higher percentage of CO2 in the air. <br />However, ...
Nivlac<br />If CO2 levels increase in southern Ontario, in the future certain plants will do better than others. If the pe...
CTOSE<br />Fatima Nanavati<br />
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Octose Assignment

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Everyone I know has been asking me to upload this so they could have a basic understanding of how to do this assignment. Here's the basic template from mine from last year, happy now (: ? Y'all owe me (;

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Octose Assignment

  1. 1. CTOSE<br />Fatima Nanavati<br />
  2. 2. Octolysis<br />Legend:<br />Red: Oxygen<br />Yellow: Carbon<br />Blue: Phosphate <br />(Phosphorolation)<br />Octose 8 Phosphate<br />
  3. 3. What is Octose?<br />A monosaccharide with eight carbons<br />Molecular Formula: C8H16O6<br />Empirical Formula: C4H8O3<br />8<br />7<br />6<br />1<br />2<br />5<br />4<br />3<br />
  4. 4. Octose<br />OH<br />OH<br />OH<br />OH<br />OH<br />OH<br />CH2OH<br />CH2OH<br />CH2OH<br />O<br />O<br />O<br />HO<br />HO<br />HO<br />HO<br />HO<br />HO<br />OH<br />OH<br />OH<br />Beta 1, 5 Bond<br />Beta bonds are difficult to break down, therefore they are beneficial to the plant by creating a strong structural barrier known as the cell wall.<br />
  5. 5. Octolysis<br />Legend:<br />Red: Oxygen<br />Yellow: Carbon<br />Blue: Phosphate <br />8<br />7<br />ATP<br />6<br />1<br />2<br />5<br />ADP<br />4<br />3<br />Octose<br />
  6. 6. Octolysis<br />Legend:<br />Red: Oxygen<br />Yellow: Carbon<br />Blue: Phosphate <br />ATP<br />ADP<br />Altose 8 Phosphate<br />
  7. 7. Octolysis<br />Legend:<br />Red: Oxygen<br />Yellow: Carbon<br />Blue: Phosphate <br />Octose 1,8 Bisphosphate<br />
  8. 8. Octolysis<br />Legend:<br />Red: Oxygen<br />Yellow: Carbon<br />Blue: Phosphate <br />TCP<br />G4P<br />GlycerAldehyde 4 Phosphate<br />Tetra Carbon Phosphate<br />
  9. 9. Octolysis<br />Legend:<br />Red: Oxygen<br />Yellow: Carbon<br />Blue: Phosphate <br />X2<br />G4P<br />
  10. 10. Octolysis<br />Legend:<br />Red: Oxygen<br />Yellow: Carbon<br />Blue: Phosphate <br />X2<br />NAD+<br />NADH<br />1,4 BisphosphoOctcelerate<br />
  11. 11. Octolysis<br />Legend:<br />Red: Oxygen<br />Yellow: Carbon<br />Blue: Phosphate <br />X2<br />ADP<br />ATP<br />4 PhosphoOctcelerate<br />
  12. 12. Octolysis<br />Legend:<br />Red: Oxygen<br />Yellow: Carbon<br />Blue: Phosphate <br />X2<br />2 PhosphoOctcelerate<br />
  13. 13. Octolysis<br />Legend:<br />Red: Oxygen<br />Yellow: Carbon<br />Blue: Phosphate <br />X2<br />PhosphoenolOctcelerate<br />
  14. 14. Octolysis<br />Legend:<br />Red: Oxygen<br />Yellow: Carbon<br />Blue: Phosphate <br />X2<br />ADP<br />ATP<br />Tetrovate<br />
  15. 15. Tetrovate Oxidation<br />Legend:<br />Yellow: Carbon<br />Tetrovate<br />CO2<br />NAD+<br />( Decarboxylation )<br />Glyceryl - CoA<br />CoA - SH<br />NADH<br />
  16. 16. Berks Cycle<br />Legend:<br />Yellow: Carbon<br />7C<br />Heptate<br />NAD+<br />CO2<br />NADH<br />Citrate <br />6C<br />
  17. 17. Berks Cycle<br />Legend:<br />Yellow: Carbon<br />Iso-Citrate <br />6C<br />NAD+<br />CO2<br />NADH<br />5C<br />Alpha Ketoglutarate<br />
  18. 18. CO2<br />Berks Cycle<br />Legend:<br />Yellow: Carbon<br />CoA - SH<br />CoA - SH<br />NAD+<br />4C<br />ADP<br />Succinyl-CoA<br />4C<br />ATP<br />NADH<br />Succinate<br />GDP<br />GTP<br />
  19. 19. Berks Cycle<br />Legend:<br />Yellow: Carbon<br />Malate<br />FAD+<br />4C<br />H2O<br />4C<br />Fumerate<br />FADH2<br />
  20. 20. Berks Cycle<br />Legend:<br />Yellow: Carbon<br />(Cycle Repeats)<br />Oxaloacetate<br />4C<br />NAD+<br />NADH<br />
  21. 21. Berks Cycle<br />CO2<br />3<br />6<br />NADH<br />4<br />8<br />FADH2<br />1<br />2<br />ATP<br />1<br />2<br />1 Pass<br />2 Passes<br />
  22. 22. Adenosine Triphosphate<br />Octolysis<br />2 ATP + 4 ATP (2 NADH  2 FADH2)<br />Oxidation<br />6 ATP (2 NADH through ETC)<br />Berks<br />2 ATP + 24 ATP (8 NADH through ETC)<br />+ 4 ATP (FADH2 through ETC)<br />TOTAL ATP PRODUCED FROM CELLULAR RESPIRATION= 42<br />
  23. 23. Nivlac<br />Octose will do better (photosynthesize more) than C3 plants when the temperature is between 16°C and 26°C<br />Octse will do better (photosynthesize more than C4 plants when the temperature is between 14°C and 24°C<br />
  24. 24. Nivlac<br />The photorespiration of octose increases, when there is a higher percentage of CO2 in the air. <br />However, the photorespiration rate of C4 is not affected by CO2 levels. <br />The photorespiration rate of C3 also increases as the percentage of CO2 rises, but the increases is more gradual than that of octose<br />
  25. 25. Nivlac<br />If CO2 levels increase in southern Ontario, in the future certain plants will do better than others. If the percent of CO2 in the air, and the daily average temperature increase by 25% then:<br />In high temperatures, C3 does best, while octose is much lower, and C4 falls in between.<br />When looking at CO2 levels, it is seen that octose works best with high Cos percentages, while after a 25% increase, C3 ad C4 are about the same.<br />Taking both of these into consideration, C4 is the best of the three types of plants, even though all three are quite close to each other overall<br />
  26. 26. CTOSE<br />Fatima Nanavati<br />

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