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Octose Assignment

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Everyone I know has been asking me to upload this so they could have a basic understanding of how to do this assignment. Here's the basic template from mine from last year, happy now (: ? Y'all owe me ...

Everyone I know has been asking me to upload this so they could have a basic understanding of how to do this assignment. Here's the basic template from mine from last year, happy now (: ? Y'all owe me (;

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Octose Assignment Octose Assignment Presentation Transcript

  • CTOSE
    Fatima Nanavati
  • Octolysis
    Legend:
    Red: Oxygen
    Yellow: Carbon
    Blue: Phosphate
    (Phosphorolation)
    Octose 8 Phosphate
  • What is Octose?
    A monosaccharide with eight carbons
    Molecular Formula: C8H16O6
    Empirical Formula: C4H8O3
    8
    7
    6
    1
    2
    5
    4
    3
  • Octose
    OH
    OH
    OH
    OH
    OH
    OH
    CH2OH
    CH2OH
    CH2OH
    O
    O
    O
    HO
    HO
    HO
    HO
    HO
    HO
    OH
    OH
    OH
    Beta 1, 5 Bond
    Beta bonds are difficult to break down, therefore they are beneficial to the plant by creating a strong structural barrier known as the cell wall.
  • Octolysis
    Legend:
    Red: Oxygen
    Yellow: Carbon
    Blue: Phosphate
    8
    7
    ATP
    6
    1
    2
    5
    ADP
    4
    3
    Octose
  • Octolysis
    Legend:
    Red: Oxygen
    Yellow: Carbon
    Blue: Phosphate
    ATP
    ADP
    Altose 8 Phosphate
  • Octolysis
    Legend:
    Red: Oxygen
    Yellow: Carbon
    Blue: Phosphate
    Octose 1,8 Bisphosphate
  • Octolysis
    Legend:
    Red: Oxygen
    Yellow: Carbon
    Blue: Phosphate
    TCP
    G4P
    GlycerAldehyde 4 Phosphate
    Tetra Carbon Phosphate
  • Octolysis
    Legend:
    Red: Oxygen
    Yellow: Carbon
    Blue: Phosphate
    X2
    G4P
  • Octolysis
    Legend:
    Red: Oxygen
    Yellow: Carbon
    Blue: Phosphate
    X2
    NAD+
    NADH
    1,4 BisphosphoOctcelerate
  • Octolysis
    Legend:
    Red: Oxygen
    Yellow: Carbon
    Blue: Phosphate
    X2
    ADP
    ATP
    4 PhosphoOctcelerate
  • Octolysis
    Legend:
    Red: Oxygen
    Yellow: Carbon
    Blue: Phosphate
    X2
    2 PhosphoOctcelerate
  • Octolysis
    Legend:
    Red: Oxygen
    Yellow: Carbon
    Blue: Phosphate
    X2
    PhosphoenolOctcelerate
  • Octolysis
    Legend:
    Red: Oxygen
    Yellow: Carbon
    Blue: Phosphate
    X2
    ADP
    ATP
    Tetrovate
  • Tetrovate Oxidation
    Legend:
    Yellow: Carbon
    Tetrovate
    CO2
    NAD+
    ( Decarboxylation )
    Glyceryl - CoA
    CoA - SH
    NADH
  • Berks Cycle
    Legend:
    Yellow: Carbon
    7C
    Heptate
    NAD+
    CO2
    NADH
    Citrate
    6C
  • Berks Cycle
    Legend:
    Yellow: Carbon
    Iso-Citrate
    6C
    NAD+
    CO2
    NADH
    5C
    Alpha Ketoglutarate
  • CO2
    Berks Cycle
    Legend:
    Yellow: Carbon
    CoA - SH
    CoA - SH
    NAD+
    4C
    ADP
    Succinyl-CoA
    4C
    ATP
    NADH
    Succinate
    GDP
    GTP
  • Berks Cycle
    Legend:
    Yellow: Carbon
    Malate
    FAD+
    4C
    H2O
    4C
    Fumerate
    FADH2
  • Berks Cycle
    Legend:
    Yellow: Carbon
    (Cycle Repeats)
    Oxaloacetate
    4C
    NAD+
    NADH
  • Berks Cycle
    CO2
    3
    6
    NADH
    4
    8
    FADH2
    1
    2
    ATP
    1
    2
    1 Pass
    2 Passes
  • Adenosine Triphosphate
    Octolysis
    2 ATP + 4 ATP (2 NADH  2 FADH2)
    Oxidation
    6 ATP (2 NADH through ETC)
    Berks
    2 ATP + 24 ATP (8 NADH through ETC)
    + 4 ATP (FADH2 through ETC)
    TOTAL ATP PRODUCED FROM CELLULAR RESPIRATION= 42
  • Nivlac
    Octose will do better (photosynthesize more) than C3 plants when the temperature is between 16°C and 26°C
    Octse will do better (photosynthesize more than C4 plants when the temperature is between 14°C and 24°C
  • Nivlac
    The photorespiration of octose increases, when there is a higher percentage of CO2 in the air.
    However, the photorespiration rate of C4 is not affected by CO2 levels.
    The photorespiration rate of C3 also increases as the percentage of CO2 rises, but the increases is more gradual than that of octose
  • Nivlac
    If CO2 levels increase in southern Ontario, in the future certain plants will do better than others. If the percent of CO2 in the air, and the daily average temperature increase by 25% then:
    In high temperatures, C3 does best, while octose is much lower, and C4 falls in between.
    When looking at CO2 levels, it is seen that octose works best with high Cos percentages, while after a 25% increase, C3 ad C4 are about the same.
    Taking both of these into consideration, C4 is the best of the three types of plants, even though all three are quite close to each other overall
  • CTOSE
    Fatima Nanavati