5 th Grade News By Ms. Ouska Friday October 28, 2011 Text Features What’s Inside! -Examples of text features and their definitions -How text features help you understand better- Helps students understand nonfiction text
What are text features?• Text features – help the reader to understand the content better – provide information that may not be written in the text itself – Can be found in textbooks, magazines, newspapers, websites and other nonfiction text
Table of Contents Table of ContentsChapter 1: Animals -Lists the mainAnimal Adaptations Pages 1-3 parts of a bookDifferent Animal Environments Pages 4-5 with their pageChapter 2: Cells numbersProkaryotic Page 6Eukaryotic Page 7Structures + Functions Pages 8-12 -OutlinesChapter 3: Matter and Energy topics/mainThe Sun Pages 13-15 pointsPhotosynthesis Pages 16-20Chapter 4: Ecology and -Helps readerThe Environment locate informationHuman Impact Pages 21-24Resources Pages 25-30 in the book in organized manner
Index -AlphabeticalA listing of the key names, terms, andAmphibians p. 70-75 topics with page numbersAnimalAdapations p.1-2 -Helps readers find pages thatClassification p. 40 containsFood p. 50, 62 informationHomes p. 4-5 they are looking forArthropods p. 90-102
GlossaryA -List of key terms in alphabeticalAdapt (uh dapt): orderto change in order to survive in new -Defines eachenvironments wordAmphibians (am-fib-ee-uhn ): -Sometimes tellsA cold-blooded, smooth- you how to pronounce theskinned vertebrae typically wordliving on land -Helps readers find the meanings of words
Titles -Show the main idea/topic of the text -Helps the reader let them know what they are going to read -Helps the reader make connections to what they already know
SubheadingsAt the Scene -Divide the textAbubekir Acar, 42, said that he was drinking tea with friends into sectionswhen a nearby coffee house was destroyed. He said at first he -Tell thedid not understand what was happening when buildings began main idea ofto collapse around him. each sectionMore than 100 aftershocks, or tremors, rocked the areaSunday and another 100 shook the area on Monday. Survivors -Printed in largerare trying to deal with the extremely cold temperatures. Somepeople are using wood from collapsed buildings to start fires or bold text toto stay warm. make them standHelping Hands outRescue teams worked through the night under generator-powered lights to search for survivors. Cranes and other -Helps the readerequipment lifted heavy concrete so people could dig for to locatesurvivors. One of the people rescued used his cell phone to information incall the police and describe the location where he and four the text by tellingothers were trapped. them where to look
Bold, Italics, Color -Key words are inWhy do we celebrate Halloween? bold or color to beHalloween’s roots can be traced back to easily noticedCeltic culture. The celebration wouldbegin October 31, and last until the next -Italics are used today. The spirits of all those who died in emphasize a wordthe prior year, would rise up and roam or phrasethe earth on this night. Halloween wasalso commonly referred to as “All -Bold, Italics, andHollows” Eve. The Roman Catholic Church color helps tocreated All Saints Day and All Souls Day. draw the reader’s attentionAll Saints Day: November 1st to honor saintsAll Souls Day: November 2nd to honor andpray for souls of the dead
Photographs & Illustrations -Provide a visual -Connect to the text/story -Relate to headings and The Pilgrims and the Native key terms Americans shared items from their culture. -Helps the reader toHow could these understand an idea and reinforcepictures help you comprehension in aunderstand what Captions: visual wayThanksgiving is explain a -Helps the readerabout? picture understand information that might not be in the text
Maps -Maps are drawings that show the basic shape of land and other geographic, political or historical features -Helps the reader to understand where an event happensHow could this map help you -Helps understandunderstand a story about the their relation toCalifornia Gold Rush? other places
Diagrams -A diagram is a drawing that shows/explains something -To understand a diagram, the reader should read the title, labels and captions -Helps the reader to understand how objects are made, steps or otherHow does this diagram help you understand information in thephotosynthesis? text
Tables -Tables organize information into a smaller, organized space -Tables can show many types of data -Helps the reader to compare information in the textHow does this table help you understand thedifference between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?
Timelines -A timeline shows important events in chronological order (time order) -Helps the reader to understand the order of events and/or cause and effectHow does this timeline help youunderstand the history of Egypt?
MAKE A TEXT FEATURE BOARD!1. Each group will get a couple text features2. Everyone will read the article3. Identify where your group’s text features are in the text4. Create a poster that shows these text features! BOLD- We found bold was used in the titles, subheadings, and to identify main terms- Bold helps us attract attention to certain wordsShare with class!