Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Australia
Australia
Australia
Australia
Australia
Australia
Australia
Australia
Australia
Australia
Australia
Australia
Australia
Australia
Australia
Australia
Australia
Australia
Australia
Australia
Australia
Australia
Australia
Australia
Australia
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Australia

536

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
536
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
9
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. ORAL PRESENTATION AUSTRALIA Paula De Scheemaeker Elvira Fina
  • 2. INTRODUCTION: AUSTRALIA Discovered for the Europeans in 1606. Independence: 1901. Capital: Canberra. Population: 22.000.000.
  • 3. WILDLIFE
  • 4. GENERAL INFORMATION 80% of endemic species. Principal cause: Isolation Different ecosystems Problems: Human activity Introduction of non-native species.
  • 5. ANIMALS Marsupials like Kangaroo. Monotremes like platypus. Poisonous animals. Reptiles, specially lizards with 744 different ones. 4400 different fishes.
  • 6.  
  • 7.  
  • 8.  
  • 9.  
  • 10.  
  • 11.  
  • 12.  
  • 13.  
  • 14.
    • HISTORY
    13/02/11
  • 15. PREHISTORY:
    • Since the immigration of the original inhabitants to the first European sighting in 1606.
    • Southern land has been inhabited between 42000 and 48000 years.
    • Period of massive environmental change.
    • First Australians were the ancestors of today's Aborigines  Southeast Asia.
    • The Torres Strait Islanders  Melanesian.
    • Inhabited the Torres Strait Islands and Queensland.
    13/02/11
  • 16. CONTACT WITH ASIA:
    • For at least the past century, Calcutta has traded with the natives of the north coast.
    • 1603: Matteo Ricci  map of the known world at that time.
    • “ No one has been in this southern land, therefore we know nothing about it.”
    13/02/11
  • 17. EUROPEAN EXPLORATION:
    • Earliest writings (discovery of Australia)  S. XVII
    • First European Sighting  1606  Dutch Janszoon. Janszoon sailed through the Gulf of Carpentaria, landing in the west coast of Cape York Peninsula.
    • Spanish expedition (Pedro Fernandez de Quiros) sighted the Australian mainland a few months earlier.
    • Luis Vaez de Torres (belonging to the Quirós expedition) was the first to map “the Torres Strait”.
    13/02/11
  • 18. EUROPEAN EXPLORATION:
    • Portuguese navigators discovered Australia even earlier, in the sixteenth century (S. XVI)
    • (Cristovao de Mendonça – Botany Bay – 1522)
    • 1770: Endeavour’s issue  East coast of Australia. Landing on the continent for the first time - Botany Bay - 29 April.
    • Cook turned north  Possession Island in the Torres Strait, on 22 August.
    • The eastern coast of Australia  Great Britain. Named New South Wales .
    13/02/11
  • 19. EUROPEAN EXPLORATION:
    • Reports  interest in Australia  solution  problem of prison overcrowding in Britain (which had been compounded by the loss of the thirteen American colonies).
    • March 13, 1787  eleven ships left England to Botany Bay.
    13/02/11
  • 20. SETTLEMENT AND COLONIZATION:
    • British Crown Colony of New South Wales  Port Jackson (Captain Arthur Phillip - 26 June 1788).
    • Tasmania  1803 – independent  1825.
    • The UK claimed as its own the western part of Australia (1829).
    • New South Wales: South Australia (1836), Victoria (1851) and Queensland (1859). The Northern Territory (1863) was founded as part of the province of South Australia.
    • Victoria and South Australia  " free ", meaning they were never penal colonies .
    13/02/11
  • 21. SETTLEMENT AND COLONIZATION:
    • - Western Australia  "free", but agreed after penal transportation due to the scarcity of jobs suffering.
    • - New Zealand --part of  New South Wales until 1840. The transportation of convicts was being gradually abolished (between 1840 and 1864).
    • - The Northern Territory was divided by latitude 20 °S in Northern Australia and Central Australia.
    13/02/11
  • 22. SETTLEMENT AND COLONIZATION:
    • - Indigenous Population (350.000),  reduced in the 150 years following that establishment, mainly due to infectious diseases , with cultural disintegration and the forced resettlement suffered due to the advance of settlers.
    • - The separation of Aboriginal children and their families, may have a small contribution to the population decline of the native peoples.
    13/02/11
  • 23. SETTLEMENT AND COLONIZATION:
    • - These interpretations of national history are a matter of discussion and are ranked by some as exaggerated and fabricated for political or ideological. - After approval of the referendum in 1967, the federal government gained the power to implement new policies and make laws with respect to Aborigines.
    13/02/11
  • 24.
    • THANK YOU FOR
    • LISTENING!
    13/02/11
  • 25. 13/02/11 B.Amarjargal

×