New Zealand

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Everything you need to know about this beautiful country :-) !

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New Zealand

  1. 1. New Zealand by Elyse Desmicht, Hanne Van Bruggen and Joyce Van Dingenen http:// www.youtube.com / watch ?v=lHADXK9_ jsI
  2. 2. New Zealand <ul><li>We will tell you more about: </li></ul><ul><li>New Zealand Facts </li></ul><ul><li>Economy </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Geography and climate </li></ul><ul><li>Fauna and flora </li></ul><ul><li>Arts </li></ul><ul><li>Food </li></ul><ul><li>Sports </li></ul><ul><li>Film </li></ul>
  3. 3. New Zealand Facts
  4. 4. 1. Facts <ul><li>Design an ID-card for New Zealand </li></ul><ul><li>Make 2 groups </li></ul><ul><li>Group 1 does facts 1 to 5 (Trotter) </li></ul><ul><li>Group 2 does facts 6 to 10 (Internet) </li></ul><ul><li>Complete on the blackboard </li></ul><ul><li>Who is first ??? </li></ul><ul><li>Prize = Zespri kiwi for each winning group member </li></ul>
  5. 5. 1. Facts New Zealand Dollar or “Kiwi” Dollar
  6. 6. 1. Facts <ul><li>National anthem “God defend New Zealand” </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.youtube.com / watch ?v=Z2ToGR1Sb98 </li></ul>
  7. 7. 1. Facts New Zealand flag
  8. 8. New Zealand History
  9. 9. 2. History <ul><li>a) Legend has it… </li></ul>
  10. 10. 2. History <ul><li>b) The Maori </li></ul><ul><li>Who? </li></ul><ul><li>First settlers of New Zealand </li></ul><ul><li>Polynesians from Tonga and Samoa </li></ul>
  11. 11. 2. History <ul><li>b) The Maori </li></ul><ul><li>Maori expedition : </li></ul><ul><li>Leaded by chief Ngahua </li></ul><ul><li>To find jade </li></ul><ul><li>8 canoes of 30 metres </li></ul><ul><li>100 Maori </li></ul>
  12. 12. 2. History <ul><li>b) The Maori </li></ul><ul><li>Name of New Zealand : </li></ul><ul><li>= Aotearoa </li></ul><ul><li>= land of the long white </li></ul><ul><li>cloud </li></ul><ul><li>= Nieuw Zeeland in Dutch </li></ul><ul><li>= New Zealand in English </li></ul>
  13. 13. 2. History <ul><li>b) The Maori </li></ul><ul><li>Maori lifestyle : </li></ul><ul><li>Tribes leaded by a chief </li></ul><ul><li>Large villages of wooden houses </li></ul><ul><li>Houses : trunks, curved reliefs, vivid colours </li></ul><ul><li>House of council : main house, to discuss </li></ul>
  14. 14. 2. History <ul><li>b) The Maori </li></ul><ul><li>Maori activities : </li></ul><ul><li>Fishing </li></ul><ul><li>Farming </li></ul><ul><li>Fighting </li></ul>
  15. 15. 2. History <ul><li>b) The Maori </li></ul><ul><li>Maori and Ta Moko : </li></ul><ul><li>Art of tattooing </li></ul><ul><li>Men on the face </li></ul><ul><li>Women on lips and torso </li></ul><ul><li>Parallel, spiral and volute lines </li></ul><ul><li>Proof of resistance to physical pain </li></ul><ul><li>Mark of wealth </li></ul>
  16. 16. 2. History <ul><li>b) The Maori </li></ul><ul><li>Maori as warriors : </li></ul><ul><li>Many conflicts between tribes </li></ul><ul><li>Well-trained and fierced soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Weaponry : spear and wooden or jaden mace </li></ul><ul><li>Hei tiki </li></ul><ul><li>Haka </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.youtube.com / watch ?v=fXDenhUwQL8 </li></ul><ul><li>Cannibalism </li></ul>
  17. 17. 2. History <ul><li>c) Other settlers </li></ul><ul><li>The Dutch : </li></ul><ul><li>1642 : Abel Trisman </li></ul><ul><li>= “ Pakeha” = white men </li></ul><ul><li>Failure at Murderer’s Bay </li></ul>
  18. 18. 2. History <ul><li>c) Other settlers </li></ul><ul><li>The British: </li></ul><ul><li>1769 : Captain James Cook </li></ul><ul><li>Cook’s journal = inspiration </li></ul>
  19. 19. 2. History <ul><li>c) Other settlers </li></ul><ul><li>Other Europeans : </li></ul><ul><li>Late 1790s : North Island = trading place </li></ul><ul><li>The Musket wars </li></ul>
  20. 20. 2. History <ul><li>c) Other setters </li></ul><ul><li>Treaty of Waitangi : </li></ul><ul><li>Deal between Maori and British </li></ul><ul><li>British control </li></ul><ul><li>Maori protection and possession of land </li></ul><ul><li>2 versions </li></ul><ul><li>Results into New Zealand Wars </li></ul><ul><li>1947 : New Zealand independent </li></ul>
  21. 21. 2. History <ul><li>d) Current situation </li></ul><ul><li>400,000 Maori </li></ul><ul><li>1 Maori for 12 Pakeha </li></ul><ul><li>Maori lifestyle ~ Pakeha lifestyle </li></ul>
  22. 22. New Zealand Economy
  23. 23. 3. Economy <ul><li>Market economy = prices of goods/services are determined ina free price system set by supply and demand. </li></ul><ul><li>1. service sector </li></ul><ul><li>2. manufacturing /construction </li></ul><ul><li>3. farming/raw materials extraction </li></ul><ul><li>Dependent on international/free trade </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism </li></ul>
  24. 24. 3. Economy : tourism
  25. 25. 3. Economy <ul><li>New Zealand China Free Trade Agreement </li></ul><ul><li>Since 1970s: - Brain Drain = large emigration of ind. </li></ul><ul><li>with technical skills </li></ul><ul><li>- Youth leaving </li></ul><ul><li>“ Kiwi lifestyle” : return </li></ul>
  26. 26. New Zealand Education
  27. 27. 4. Education <ul><li>Three-tier model: 1. Primary school </li></ul><ul><li>2. Secondary school/ High school </li></ul><ul><li>3. Tertiary school </li></ul><ul><li>1 + 2 = compulsory </li></ul><ul><li>1. primary school/First school/ Lower school (8-10y) </li></ul><ul><li>2. Middle School/Intermediate School (8-14y) : 3-4years </li></ul><ul><li>3. High School/ Upper School </li></ul><ul><li>4. ( Sixth Form) </li></ul>
  28. 28. 4. Education <ul><li>Tertiary education = not compulsory </li></ul><ul><li>= post-secondary education </li></ul><ul><li>- Colleges </li></ul><ul><li>- Universities </li></ul><ul><li>- Institutes of technology </li></ul><ul><li>- Polytechnics </li></ul>
  29. 29. 4. Education <ul><li>3 Types of Schools: 1. State school </li></ul><ul><li>2. State integrated school </li></ul><ul><li>3. Private/registered/independent </li></ul><ul><li>schools </li></ul><ul><li>1+2 = government funded </li></ul>
  30. 30. New Zealand Geography
  31. 31. 5. Geography
  32. 32. 5. Geography Wellington Cook Strait <ul><li>2 major islands: </li></ul><ul><li>North and South Island </li></ul><ul><li>North Island => volcanism </li></ul><ul><li>South Island => Southern Alps </li></ul><ul><li>Capital is Wellington </li></ul><ul><li>Cook Strait is a 20 kilometres </li></ul><ul><li>wide strait that seperates the </li></ul><ul><li>North and South Island </li></ul>
  33. 33. 5. Geography Mount Ruapehu Mount Cook
  34. 34. 5. Geography Lake Taupo is New Zealand’s largest lake
  35. 35. 5. Geography <ul><li>New Zealand was created </li></ul><ul><li>by plate tectonic movements </li></ul><ul><li>drifted away from Antarctic </li></ul><ul><li>and later from Australia </li></ul><ul><li>new underwater continent </li></ul><ul><li>is called Zealandia </li></ul><ul><li>a part of Zealandia emerged </li></ul><ul><li>above sea level </li></ul><ul><li>New Zealand is still rising </li></ul>
  36. 36. 5. Geography Volcanoes Geysers <ul><li>New Zealand is situated on the boundary of 2 tectonic plates </li></ul><ul><li>Results in volcanoes, geysers, </li></ul><ul><li>and earthquakes </li></ul>
  37. 37. New Zealand Climate
  38. 38. 5. Climate <ul><li>Sea and mountains cause </li></ul><ul><li>mild temperatures </li></ul><ul><li>high rainfall </li></ul><ul><li>many hours of sunshine </li></ul><ul><li>“ Four seasons in one day” </li></ul><ul><li>because of unexpected cold fronts or tropical cyclones blowing in </li></ul>15°C 9°C Average temperature
  39. 39. 5. Climate
  40. 40. New Zealand Fauna and flora
  41. 41. 6. Fauna and Flora <ul><li>80% of fauna is native </li></ul><ul><li>Kauri forests in the North Island </li></ul><ul><li>Mountain beech forests and tussock grasslands in the </li></ul><ul><li>South Island </li></ul><ul><li>Many ferns and mosses </li></ul><ul><li>(link with high rainfall) </li></ul>
  42. 42. 6. Fauna and Flora <ul><li>North dominated by: </li></ul><ul><li>giant Kauri tree </li></ul><ul><li>largest Kauri is 51 </li></ul><ul><li>metres high and over </li></ul><ul><li>2000 years old </li></ul>
  43. 43. 6. Fauna and flora <ul><li>South is dominated by: </li></ul><ul><li>Mountain beech forests </li></ul><ul><li>Tussock grasslands </li></ul>
  44. 44. 6. Fauna and flora <ul><li>The New </li></ul><ul><li>Zealand Kowhai </li></ul><ul><li>tree has beautiful </li></ul><ul><li>yellow flowers </li></ul>
  45. 45. 6. Fauna and flora The Pohutukawa tree is New Zealand’s Christmas tree because it blooms in December
  46. 46. 6. Fauna and flora <ul><li>National parks </li></ul><ul><li>cover 20% of total area </li></ul><ul><li>2 World Heritage Areas: </li></ul><ul><li>- Tongariro (North) </li></ul><ul><li>3 active volcanoes and </li></ul><ul><li>Lake Taupo </li></ul><ul><li>- Te Wahipounamu (South) </li></ul><ul><li>made up of 4 national parks </li></ul><ul><li>Mount Cook and </li></ul><ul><li>spectacular glaciers </li></ul>
  47. 47. 6. Fauna and flora <ul><li>National parks </li></ul><ul><li>provide opportunity for outdoor activities </li></ul>
  48. 48. 6. Fauna and flora <ul><li>Incredible variety of bird life </li></ul><ul><li>some of the birds became flightless </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul>Kiwi Takahe Kea
  49. 49. 6. Fauna and flora <ul><li>Kiwi : </li></ul><ul><li>national symbol </li></ul><ul><li>flightless </li></ul><ul><li>nocturnal </li></ul><ul><li>fierce and </li></ul><ul><li>territorial </li></ul><ul><li>endangered </li></ul>
  50. 50. 6. Fauna and flora <ul><li>Kea : </li></ul><ul><li>playfull </li></ul><ul><li>extremely </li></ul><ul><li>intelligent </li></ul><ul><li>passion </li></ul><ul><li>for rubber </li></ul>
  51. 51. 6. Fauna and flora <ul><li>Takahe </li></ul><ul><li>indigo plumage </li></ul><ul><li>red beak </li></ul><ul><li>believed to be extinct but rediscovered </li></ul>
  52. 52. 6. Fauna and flora <ul><li>Moa </li></ul><ul><li>only wingless bird </li></ul><ul><li>ever known </li></ul><ul><li>tallest bird ever </li></ul><ul><li>known </li></ul><ul><li>extinct </li></ul>
  53. 53. 6. Fauna and flora <ul><li>Tuatara </li></ul><ul><li>survived for 100 million years </li></ul><ul><li>beak-headed </li></ul><ul><li>only specy alive in this family of reptiles </li></ul><ul><li>living fossile for paleothologists </li></ul><ul><li>now living on protected offshore islands </li></ul>
  54. 54. 6. Fauna and flora <ul><li>Hector’s dolphin is only found in New Zealand waters </li></ul>
  55. 55. 6. Fauna and flora <ul><li>Restoration projects </li></ul><ul><li>What are New Zealand’s initiatives to protect endangered native birds? </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.youtube.com / watch ?v=cTPrOC-30Nw </li></ul>
  56. 56. New Zealand Art
  57. 57. 7. Arts
  58. 58. 7. Arts 7a ) pre-historic arts
  59. 59. 7. Arts <ul><li>Pre-historic arts : </li></ul><ul><li>Very first arts of New Zealand </li></ul><ul><li>Between 500 and 800 years old </li></ul><ul><li>On limestone rock shelters </li></ul><ul><li>Over 500 sites in the centre of South Island </li></ul><ul><li>Animals, people, fantastic creatures </li></ul><ul><li>By early Maori </li></ul>
  60. 60. 7. Arts
  61. 61. 7. Arts 7b ) Maori arts
  62. 62. 7. Arts <ul><li>b) Maori arts : </li></ul><ul><li>Most important art of New Zealand </li></ul><ul><li>Source of inspiration </li></ul><ul><li>Highly spiritual </li></ul><ul><li>Information about spiritual matters, ancestry,… </li></ul><ul><li>Governed by the rules of the Tapu </li></ul><ul><li>The spiral, the chevron, the koru </li></ul>
  63. 63. 7. Arts <ul><li>b) Maori Arts </li></ul><ul><li>4 forms : </li></ul><ul><li>- Carving : </li></ul><ul><li>~ In wood, stone, bone </li></ul><ul><li>~ As decoration </li></ul><ul><li>~ Hei Tiki , large scale stone faces </li></ul><ul><li>Ta Moko </li></ul><ul><li>= Art of tattooing </li></ul><ul><li>Weaving </li></ul><ul><li>~ As gifts to important people </li></ul><ul><li>Painting </li></ul><ul><li>~ Minor decoration </li></ul>
  64. 64. 7. Arts
  65. 65. 7. Arts 7c) Explorer’s art
  66. 66. 7. Arts <ul><li>c ) Explorer’s art : </li></ul><ul><li>Exploration ships included artists </li></ul><ul><li>To record newly discovered things </li></ul><ul><li>Isaac Gilsemans </li></ul><ul><li>1642 </li></ul>
  67. 67. 7. Arts
  68. 68. 7. Arts 7c) Explorer’s art
  69. 69. 7. Arts <ul><li>c) Explorer’s art : </li></ul><ul><li>Sir Joseph Banks & Sydney Parkinson </li></ul><ul><li>1769 </li></ul><ul><li>Fascination for Maori culture and country </li></ul><ul><li>First realistic depictions of Maori </li></ul><ul><li>Landscapes </li></ul><ul><li>Indigenous flora and fauna </li></ul>
  70. 70. 7. Arts
  71. 71. 7. Arts 7d) Pakeha Art
  72. 72. 7. Arts <ul><li>d) Pakeha art : </li></ul><ul><li>Pakeha? </li></ul><ul><li>Fascination continues </li></ul><ul><li>Portraits of chiefs </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape art as promotion </li></ul>
  73. 73. 7. Arts
  74. 74. 7. Arts 7 e) Maori renaissance
  75. 75. 7. Arts <ul><li>e) Maori renaissance : </li></ul><ul><li>A distinctive New Zealand style of art </li></ul><ul><li>Features of traditional Maori art </li></ul><ul><li>Gordon Walters </li></ul><ul><li>School for Traditional Maori Arts </li></ul>
  76. 76. 7. Arts <ul><li>f) 21th century : </li></ul><ul><li>Maori arts </li></ul><ul><li>European modernism </li></ul><ul><li>Ralph Hotere </li></ul>
  77. 77. New Zealand Food
  78. 78. 8. Food <ul><li>Mix of influences </li></ul><ul><li>Distinctiveness : the way NZ eat : kiwistyle </li></ul><ul><li>Summer: BBQs “Maori hangi” </li></ul><ul><li>Fish and chips </li></ul><ul><li>Festivals: Wildwood festival (NZ wild foods), wine and food festivals </li></ul>
  79. 79. hangi venison tongue lamb
  80. 80. New Zealand Sports
  81. 81. 9 . Sports
  82. 82. 9. Sports <ul><li>rugby, cricket, bowls, netball, soccer, motorsport, </li></ul><ul><li>golf, swimming, tennis , softball, rowing, yachting, </li></ul><ul><li>cycling </li></ul><ul><li>1. RUGBY : country’s national identity </li></ul><ul><li>: All Blacks : HAKA (the KA-MATE) </li></ul><ul><li>2. Cricket </li></ul><ul><li>3. Horse Racing </li></ul><ul><li>4. Extreme sports (bungee jumping, mountaineering,…) </li></ul>
  83. 83. New Zealand Film
  84. 84. 10. Film <ul><li>Nature + variety in landscape = ideal for adventure films </li></ul><ul><li>King Kong </li></ul><ul><li>Chronicles of Narnia </li></ul><ul><li>Xena </li></ul><ul><li>Hercules </li></ul><ul><li>Lord of the Rings (Entire film!) </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.youtube.com / watch ?v=XSr8jKqYIWM </li></ul>
  85. 85. Quiz !!! Let’s see what you remember …
  86. 86. The End

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