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Combating Plagiarism
 

Combating Plagiarism

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This is a presentation that I occasionally give about addressing plagiarism in the classroom.

This is a presentation that I occasionally give about addressing plagiarism in the classroom.

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    Combating Plagiarism Combating Plagiarism Presentation Transcript

    • Plagiarism Respecting Intellectual Property Prepared under fair use exemption of the U.S. Copyright Law and restricted from further use. David Warlick The Landmark Project Raleigh, NC 919-414-1845 [email_address]
    • Online Handouts http://landmark-project.com http://handouts.davidwarlick.com Bloggers: plagiarism & warlick
    • Rule 1 You have the upper hand Students do not plagiarize because they are smart. They plagiarize because they are lazy.
    • Rule 2 Educate yourself about Plagiarism!
      • Download some free research paper.
        • Check the quality of the writing. Look for evidence that it was not written locally or recently.
        • http://www.oppapers.com/
        • http://www.cyberessays.com/
      Harris, Robert. &quot;Anit-Plagiarism Strategies for Research Papers.&quot; 7 Mar 2002. VirtualSalt. 16 Nov 2004 <http://www.virtualsalt.com/antiplag.htm>.
    • Rule 3 Prevent Plagiarism (understand why they cheat)
      • Students are faced with many choices, so they put off low priorities.
        • Assignments with an element that will be of interest.
      Harris, Robert. &quot;Anit-Plagiarism Strategies for Research Papers.&quot; 7 Mar 2002. VirtualSalt. 16 Nov 2004 <http://www.virtualsalt.com/antiplag.htm>.
    • Rule 3 Prevent Plagiarism (understand why they cheat)
      • Many students have poor time management skills.
        • Space out due dates for various elements of the assignment (bibliography, rough draft, final product).
      Harris, Robert. &quot;Anit-Plagiarism Strategies for Research Papers.&quot; 7 Mar 2002. VirtualSalt. 16 Nov 2004 <http://www.virtualsalt.com/antiplag.htm>.
    • Rule 3 Prevent Plagiarism (understand why they cheat)
      • Some students fear that their writing ability is inadequate and may look for a superior product to turn in.
        • Demonstrate to the class how poor many downloadable papers can be.
      Harris, Robert. &quot;Anit-Plagiarism Strategies for Research Papers.&quot; 7 Mar 2002. VirtualSalt. 16 Nov 2004 <http://www.virtualsalt.com/antiplag.htm>.
    • Rule 3 Prevent Plagiarism
      • Some students do not know what plagiarism is.
        • Give students an explicit definition of plagiarism. Put it on the wall.
        • Show students examples of appropriate paraphrasing & quoting, and inappropriate examples.
        • Select & demonstrate a citation tool.
        • Explain why plagiarism is wrong, why it is stealing.
      Harris, Robert. &quot;Anit-Plagiarism Strategies for Research Papers.&quot; 7 Mar 2002. VirtualSalt. 16 Nov 2004 <http://www.virtualsalt.com/antiplag.htm>.
    • Rule 3 Prevent Plagiarism
      • A Definition
      • Plagiarism is using another person's words or ideas without giving credit to the other person.
      • When you use someone else's words, you must put quotation marks around them and give the writer or speaker credit by revealing the source in a citation .
      • Even if you revise or paraphrase the words of someone else or just use their ideas, you still must give the author credit in a note.
      • Not giving due credit to the creator of an idea or writing is very much like lying (stealing).
      Harris, Robert. &quot;Anit-Plagiarism Strategies for Research Papers.&quot; 7 Mar 2002. VirtualSalt. 16 Nov 2004 <http://www.virtualsalt.com/antiplag.htm>.
    • Rule 3 Prevent Plagiarism
      • Fair Use
      • Students may use portions of copyrighted material with proper credit & citations
      • Students & teachers must include on the opening page of their products a message similar to:
      • Prepared under fair use exemption of the U.S. Copyright Law and restricted from further use.
      • Teachers may use portions of copyrighted materials for “face to face” instruction.
      Harris, Robert. &quot;Anit-Plagiarism Strategies for Research Papers.&quot; 7 Mar 2002. VirtualSalt. 16 Nov 2004 <http://www.virtualsalt.com/antiplag.htm>.
    • Rule 3 Prevent Plagiarism
      • Fair Use
      • Text: Up to 10% of a copyrighted work or 1000 words, whichever is less.
      • Motion Media: Up to 10% of a copyrighted work or 3 minutes, whichever is less.
      • Illustrations: No more than 5 images of an artist’s or photographer’s work. When using a collection, no more than 10% or no more than 15 images, whichever is less.
      • Music: Up to 10% of a copyrighted musical composition, but no more than 30 seconds.
      Harris, Robert. &quot;Anit-Plagiarism Strategies for Research Papers.&quot; 7 Mar 2002. VirtualSalt. 16 Nov 2004 <http://www.virtualsalt.com/antiplag.htm>.
    • Rule 3 Prevent Plagiarism
      • Creative Commons (http://creativecommons.org/)
      • Commercial use
      • Attribution
      • Derivative works
      • Share alike
      Harris, Robert. &quot;Anit-Plagiarism Strategies for Research Papers.&quot; 7 Mar 2002. VirtualSalt. 16 Nov 2004 <http://www.virtualsalt.com/antiplag.htm>.
    • Rule 3 Prevent Plagiarism
      • Let students know that you know about paper mills.
        • Show them a paper mill. Download a paper and show them how you would detect plagiarism.
      Harris, Robert. &quot;Anit-Plagiarism Strategies for Research Papers.&quot; 7 Mar 2002. VirtualSalt. 16 Nov 2004 <http://www.virtualsalt.com/antiplag.htm>.
    • Rule 3 Prevent Plagiarism
      • Convince students that cited sources strengthens their writing.
        • Students have researched and synthesized findings into their own unique argument.
        • Students are engaged in “the great conversation,” within the world of ideas.
        • Citing resources makes the published thinker a partner in the student’s work.
      Harris, Robert. &quot;Anit-Plagiarism Strategies for Research Papers.&quot; 7 Mar 2002. VirtualSalt. 16 Nov 2004 <http://www.virtualsalt.com/antiplag.htm>.
    • Rule 3 Prevent Plagiarism
      • Strategies of Prevention
        • Make the assignment clear.
        • Provide a list of specific topics -- make topics unique.
        • Require specific components in the paper.
        • Require process steps.
        • Make assignment authentic.
      Harris, Robert. &quot;Anit-Plagiarism Strategies for Research Papers.&quot; 7 Mar 2002. VirtualSalt. 16 Nov 2004 <http://www.virtualsalt.com/antiplag.htm>.
    • Rule 3 Prevent Plagiarism
      • Strategies of Prevention (cont.)
        • Require oral presentations.
        • Specify alternative mediums (video, Presentation Slides, Images) .
        • Have students include an annotated bibliography.
        • Require most references to be up-to-date.
      Harris, Robert. &quot;Anit-Plagiarism Strategies for Research Papers.&quot; 7 Mar 2002. VirtualSalt. 16 Nov 2004 <http://www.virtualsalt.com/antiplag.htm>.
    • Rule 3 Prevent Plagiarism
      • Strategies of Prevention (cont.)
        • Require a metalearning essay
      Harris, Robert. &quot;Anit-Plagiarism Strategies for Research Papers.&quot; 7 Mar 2002. VirtualSalt. 16 Nov 2004 <http://www.virtualsalt.com/antiplag.htm>. have students write an in-class essay about what they learned from the assignment. What problems did they face and how did they overcome them?
    • Rule 4 Detecting Plagiarism
      • Dead Givaways.
        • Mixed citation styles.
        • Lack of references or quotations.
        • Unusual formatting.
        • Off topic.
        • Signs of datedness
        • Anachronisms
        • Smoking Guns
      “ Thank you for using TermPaperMania” Harris, Robert. &quot;Anit-Plagiarism Strategies for Research Papers.&quot; 7 Mar 2002. VirtualSalt. 16 Nov 2004 <http://www.virtualsalt.com/antiplag.htm>.
    • Rule 4 Detecting Plagiarism
      • Dead Givaways.
        • Essay is grade-school quality.
        • The ultimate sign of sloth -- Printed from the students web browser.
        • References are from books not available in your school library.
        • All references are at least five years old.
      &quot;Dead Giveaways.&quot; 2001. Plagiarized.Com. GSC Online. 16 Nov 2004 <http://www.plagiarized.com/deadgive.html>.
    • Rule 5 Catching a Cheater
      • Take the situation seriously
      • Plagiarism is a serious accusation to make. Think of the consequences of a false accusation.
      • Gather your evidence.
      • Confirm you have enough to substantiate your claim
      • Determine who has to know
      • Check school/district policy & document
      • Meet formally with the student
      • Present your case and explain the consequences
      • Evaluate your role
      • How could you have prevented this?
      &quot;Dead Giveaways.&quot; 2001. Plagiarized.Com. GSC Online. 16 Nov 2004 <http://www.plagiarized.com/deadgive.html>.