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Food poisoning
Food poisoning
Food poisoning
Food poisoning
Food poisoning
Food poisoning
Food poisoning
Food poisoning
Food poisoning
Food poisoning
Food poisoning
Food poisoning
Food poisoning
Food poisoning
Food poisoning
Food poisoning
Food poisoning
Food poisoning
Food poisoning
Food poisoning
Food poisoning
Food poisoning
Food poisoning
Food poisoning
Food poisoning
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Food poisoning

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Illness which results from ingestion of food containing non-bacterial and/or bacterial products

Illness which results from ingestion of food containing non-bacterial and/or bacterial products

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  • 1. FOOD POISONING Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  • 2. Definition Illness which results from ingestion of food containing non-bacterial and/or bacterial products. Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  • 3. causes Bacteria and toxins Vegetable origin Animal origin chemicals Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  • 4. Bacteria and toxins Infection type1. Salmonella group2. Proteus3. Coli group4. Shigella salmonella Symptoms appear in 24 to 48 hours of eating meal, mainly indicates Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  • 5. Bacteria and toxinsToxic type Due to performed toxins in prepared food such as canned and preserved food. Eatables affected are meat, fish, egg. Symptoms appear within 24 hours More common in summer1. Enterotoxin2. Botulinum toxin Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  • 6. Botulism Botulismfrom Latin botulus = "sausage“, as bacterium often causes poisoning by growing in badly handled or prepared meat products. Toxin destroyed at 80 degrees Fatal dose is 0.01mg or even less Blocks action of acetylcholine specific to autonomic nervous system Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  • 7. Botulism Incubation period –12-30 hours Symptoms include vomiting, constipation, ocular paresis, muscular weakness, subnormal temperature Mortality 25% to 100% Treatment – polyvalent serum Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  • 8. .Bon Vivant incident On July 2, 1971 the FDA released a public warningafter learning that a New York man had died and his wife had become seriously ill due to botulism after eating a can of the company’s Bon Vivant vichyssoise soup The FDA shut down Newark, New Jersey plant on July 7, 1971 Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  • 9. Vegetable origin Lathyrus sativus Mushrooms Argemona mexicana Lolium temulentum Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  • 10. Lathyrus sativus Grows under extreme conditions of famine B-(N)oxalyl aminoalanine BOAA, active principle Causes neurolathyrism Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  • 11. Neurolathyrism Characterized by progressive spastic paraplegia with preservation of sphincters, ending in irreversible disability Back pain>weakness of legs>difficulty in sitting>unable to walk>spastic gait>complete paralysis Steeping the pulse in hot water and parboiling removes 90% of toxic amino acid Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  • 12. .Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  • 13. .During the Spain War of Independence against Napoleon,grasspea served as a famine food. This was the subject of one ofFrancisco de Goyas famous aquatint prints titled Gracias a laAlmorta ("Thanks to the Grasspea"), depicting poor peoplesurviving on a porridge made from grasspea flour, one of them lyingon the floor, alreadyDr Hemanth S it. BMCRI crippled by Naik,
  • 14. Death cap Unpleasant taste Grows in woody places Toxins are phalloidin, pahllon, 13 amanatin which are cyclopeptides Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  • 15. Amanita muscaria Have bitter taste Changes color on cut section Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  • 16. Signs and symptoms Nausea Vomiting Diarrhoea Convulsions Collapse Death Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  • 17. Treatment Antiphalloidien serum Atropine sulphate Silibin dihydrogen disaccinate sodium Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  • 18. Argemona mexicana Species of poppy found mainly in Mexico Contains berberine, protopine, sanguinarine and dihydrosanguinarine seeds resemble mustard and used as adulterant Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  • 19. Signs and symptoms Loss of appetite – diarrhoea Edema of legs – anasarca Vascular injuries Telangiectasis Death due to severe damage to heart Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  • 20. Lolium Temulentum Weed grass grown in wheat field Grains similar to wheat Grains attacked by fungus containing Temuline Headache, muscular weakness, coma Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  • 21. Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  • 22. Signs and symptoms Source – Gambierdiscus toxicus GI distress, hallucination and reverse of hot-cold sensation Treatment – mannitol, amitriptylline Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  • 23. Scombroid poisoning Associated with sea food, stored improperly Symptoms due to histidine converting into histamine above 60 degrees Allergic symptoms Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  • 24. Shellfish poisoning GI disturbance Neurotoxicity Mutisim, memory loss, coma Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  • 25. Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI

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