Food poisoning

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Illness which results from ingestion of food containing non-bacterial and/or bacterial products

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Food poisoning

  1. 1. FOOD POISONING Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  2. 2. Definition Illness which results from ingestion of food containing non-bacterial and/or bacterial products. Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  3. 3. causes Bacteria and toxins Vegetable origin Animal origin chemicals Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  4. 4. Bacteria and toxins Infection type1. Salmonella group2. Proteus3. Coli group4. Shigella salmonella Symptoms appear in 24 to 48 hours of eating meal, mainly indicates Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  5. 5. Bacteria and toxinsToxic type Due to performed toxins in prepared food such as canned and preserved food. Eatables affected are meat, fish, egg. Symptoms appear within 24 hours More common in summer1. Enterotoxin2. Botulinum toxin Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  6. 6. Botulism Botulismfrom Latin botulus = "sausage“, as bacterium often causes poisoning by growing in badly handled or prepared meat products. Toxin destroyed at 80 degrees Fatal dose is 0.01mg or even less Blocks action of acetylcholine specific to autonomic nervous system Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  7. 7. Botulism Incubation period –12-30 hours Symptoms include vomiting, constipation, ocular paresis, muscular weakness, subnormal temperature Mortality 25% to 100% Treatment – polyvalent serum Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  8. 8. .Bon Vivant incident On July 2, 1971 the FDA released a public warningafter learning that a New York man had died and his wife had become seriously ill due to botulism after eating a can of the company’s Bon Vivant vichyssoise soup The FDA shut down Newark, New Jersey plant on July 7, 1971 Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  9. 9. Vegetable origin Lathyrus sativus Mushrooms Argemona mexicana Lolium temulentum Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  10. 10. Lathyrus sativus Grows under extreme conditions of famine B-(N)oxalyl aminoalanine BOAA, active principle Causes neurolathyrism Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  11. 11. Neurolathyrism Characterized by progressive spastic paraplegia with preservation of sphincters, ending in irreversible disability Back pain>weakness of legs>difficulty in sitting>unable to walk>spastic gait>complete paralysis Steeping the pulse in hot water and parboiling removes 90% of toxic amino acid Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  12. 12. .Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  13. 13. .During the Spain War of Independence against Napoleon,grasspea served as a famine food. This was the subject of one ofFrancisco de Goyas famous aquatint prints titled Gracias a laAlmorta ("Thanks to the Grasspea"), depicting poor peoplesurviving on a porridge made from grasspea flour, one of them lyingon the floor, alreadyDr Hemanth S it. BMCRI crippled by Naik,
  14. 14. Death cap Unpleasant taste Grows in woody places Toxins are phalloidin, pahllon, 13 amanatin which are cyclopeptides Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  15. 15. Amanita muscaria Have bitter taste Changes color on cut section Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  16. 16. Signs and symptoms Nausea Vomiting Diarrhoea Convulsions Collapse Death Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  17. 17. Treatment Antiphalloidien serum Atropine sulphate Silibin dihydrogen disaccinate sodium Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  18. 18. Argemona mexicana Species of poppy found mainly in Mexico Contains berberine, protopine, sanguinarine and dihydrosanguinarine seeds resemble mustard and used as adulterant Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  19. 19. Signs and symptoms Loss of appetite – diarrhoea Edema of legs – anasarca Vascular injuries Telangiectasis Death due to severe damage to heart Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  20. 20. Lolium Temulentum Weed grass grown in wheat field Grains similar to wheat Grains attacked by fungus containing Temuline Headache, muscular weakness, coma Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  21. 21. Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  22. 22. Signs and symptoms Source – Gambierdiscus toxicus GI distress, hallucination and reverse of hot-cold sensation Treatment – mannitol, amitriptylline Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  23. 23. Scombroid poisoning Associated with sea food, stored improperly Symptoms due to histidine converting into histamine above 60 degrees Allergic symptoms Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  24. 24. Shellfish poisoning GI disturbance Neurotoxicity Mutisim, memory loss, coma Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI
  25. 25. Dr Hemanth S Naik, BMCRI

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