Child labor is a working child under the agespecified by law. It is work for children that exploits themphysically, mentally, morally, or by blocking accessto education.
Child labor in indiaThe country accounts for the second highestnumber where child labor in the world isconcerned.Today millions of children work as laborersin various businesses in India. You findchildren being exploited in restaurants, silkindustry, carpet weaving, firecracker units, etc.
In 1997, research indicated that the number of child laborers in the silk- weaving industry in the district ofKanchipuram in India exceeded 40,000
aCCording to the statistiCs given by indian government there are 20 million Child laborers in the Country, while other agenCies Claim that it is 50 million.
Child Labor in AsiaThe Asia-Pacificregion has thelargest number ofchild workers in the5-14 age group inthe world – some127 million, about60% of workingchildren worldwide.
Statistics of the world•The ILO estimates that 218 million childrenages 5-17 are engaged in child labor all overthe world.•61% in Asia, 32% in Africa, and 7% in LatinAmerica, 1% in US, Canada, Europe and otherwealthy nations.•8.4 million children are trapped in slavery,trafficking, debt bondage
Causes for childlabor• Poverty• Over Population• Parental Illiteracy• Social apathy• Lack of education &exposure• Exploitation of cheap andunorganized labor.
Children in rural families who are ailing withpoverty perceive their children as an incomegenerating resource to supplement the familyincome.
As per ILO the CHILD RIGHTS are ….The Right to survival - tolife, health, nutrition, name andnationality.The Right to development -to education, care, leisure,recreation.The Right to protection -from exploitation, abuse,neglect.The Right to participation -to expression, information,thought and religion.
Child labor laws in India:•The Child Labor Act, 1986•The Factories Act, 1948•The Mines Act, 1952•The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act,2009•The Juvenile Justice of ChildrenAct, 2000
Many NGOs like Bachpan Bachao Andolan,care India, Child Rights and You, Globalmarch against child labor, etc. have beenworking to eradicate child labor in India.Pratham is Indias largest non-governmental organization with themission every child in school and learningwell.