Nutanix BriForum 05242012

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The Arab Spring of Enterprise IT.

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Nutanix BriForum 05242012

  1. 1. 01 NUTANIX INC. – CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY Big Data: Lessons for VDI Dheeraj Pandey, Co-founder & CEO Lionel Marks, Dir of Prod Marketing
  2. 2. 02 NUTANIX INC. – CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY The Big Data Momentum The “Arab Spring” of Enterprise Computing It’s massive It’s about people, and people-to-people It’s swift It’s about breaking away #briforum #breakingaway The Big Data Momentum: The “Arab Spring” of Enterprise Computing http://ow.ly/b7fD0 @trailsfootmarks @nutanix
  3. 3. 03 NUTANIX INC. – CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY The Big Data Momentum The “Arab Spring” of Enterprise Computing It’s massive Mobile, RFID, surveillance cameras, genomics, click stream, PoS cash registers, search engines, browser cookies, logs, … It’s about people, and people-to-people It’s swift It’s about breaking away
  4. 4. 04 NUTANIX INC. – CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY The Big Data Momentum The “Arab Spring” of Enterprise Computing It’s massive It’s about people, and people-to-people Sentiments, risks, terror watch, intent, social interactions, buying behavior, likes-dislikes, tastes, sharing, trending It’s swift It’s about breaking away
  5. 5. 05 NUTANIX INC. – CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY The Big Data Momentum The “Arab Spring” of Enterprise Computing It’s massive It’s about people, and people-to-people It’s swift 2+ years in the making Agility in decision-making Time-to-value, speed-to-market It’s about breaking away
  6. 6. 06 NUTANIX INC. – CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY The Big Data Momentum The “Arab Spring” of Enterprise Computing It’s massive It’s about people, and people-to-people It’s swift It’s about breaking away Autonomy, independence in decision-making Flattening of infrastructure #briforum #breakingaway http://ow.ly/b7fVB @trailsfootmarks @nutanix
  7. 7. 07 NUTANIX INC. – CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY Breaking Away Flattening of Infrastructure: No SANs
  8. 8. 08 NUTANIX INC. – CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY Breaking Away The mutiny that revolutionized analytics “The practitioners of big data are hostile to shared storage. They prefer server-attached storage… The perception of SAN and NAS is that they are slow, complex, and above all, expensive. These qualities are not consistent with big data analytic systems that thrive on system performance, commodity infrastructure, and low cost.” - Wikipedia (“Big Data”)
  9. 9. 09 NUTANIX INC. – CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY Breaking Away Flattening of Infrastructure: NoSQL, No Database, No DBAs DW  MapReduce, SQL  REST/HTTP
  10. 10. 010 NUTANIX INC. – CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY Breaking Away Power to the People Who Matter Massive democratization of infrastructure Autonomy, independence, access DevOps takes charge Application owners become paramount
  11. 11. 011 NUTANIX INC. – CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY Breaking Away Flattening of Infrastructure: A Brief History of the Post-SAN Era Infrastructure is totally flattened… and simplified SAN goes away Transactional database and SQL go away Monolithic systems are banned Grow-as-you-go clusters are in vogue Network topologies are flattened #briforum #breakingaway Flattening of Infrastructure: A Brief History of the Post-SAN Era http://ow.ly/b7fxu @trailsfootmarks @nutanix
  12. 12. KEY CONCEPTS Massive-Parallelism, MapReduce, NoSQL
  13. 13. 013 NUTANIX INC. – CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY Massively Parallel Architecture Embarrassingly Parallel Computing “Just-throw-a-server” approach: Commodity off-the-shelf hardware Works beautifully if the data access is local Everything grows: compute, (virtual) network, storage capacity, IOPS, MB/s
  14. 14. 014 NUTANIX INC. – CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY Massively Parallel Architecture Nutanix’s “Embarrassingly Parallel” Filesystem Build to scale from “merchant- grade” to “enterprise- grade”: The largest and fastest filesystem ever built for virtualized environments Industry’s first unified and converged virtualization stack
  15. 15. 015 NUTANIX INC. – CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY NoSQL Embarrassingly Parallel Key-Value Stores
  16. 16. 016 NUTANIX INC. – CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY NoSQL Nutanix’s use of NoSQL To store metadata that massively scales Metadata: to answer “where is user’s data located” question Present on every cluster node Rebalances when nodes are added or removed Lock-less: No database-like transactions for updates Distributed consensus on updates We’ve forked off Cassandra to build our own NoSQL store
  17. 17. 017 NUTANIX INC. – CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY MapReduce Divide-Conquer-Sort-Shuffle-Collect “Just-throw-a-server” approach: Embarrassingly Parallel problem solving Click stream analysis example: Sum of all clicks, grouped-by IP addresses Top 10 IP addresses with most clicks: Pipelining
  18. 18. 018 NUTANIX INC. – CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY MapReduce Nutanix’s use of MapReduce We do *not* use Hadoop, an open source MapReduce framework We built our own framework So what is it used for? Our metadata is partitioned on all the nodes We constantly need to do a lot of “heavy-lifting”: run metadata heuristics on access patterns rebalance storage after node add/remove waterfall data between flash and spindle tiers heal the clusters during hardware failures garbage-collect deleted vDisks sever parent-child links for snapshot’ed vDisks
  19. 19. VDI’s Takeaway Freedom is refreshing
  20. 20. 020 NUTANIX INC. – CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY VDI 2008-’11 The one that couldn’t break away Legacy infrastructure Ugly retrofitting: square-peg-in-a-round-hole Too much consensus-building Too many people in the room, too many to appease Lack of rapid prototyping Pilot was not the same as production Application owners had little to no power Note: VDI is an “embarrassingly-parallel” problem, if storage is kept local
  21. 21. 021 NUTANIX INC. – CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY SAN-less VDI Bringing the disk back to the PC Caching is local Flash is local NFS is simple Dedup is massive User-data (D:) is safe Pilot _is_ production XenApp is complementary Shares the same infrastructure Freedom is refreshing… isn’t that what BYOD is all about?! #briforum #breakingaway @trailsfootmarks on Big Data + Virtualization; Big Virtualization's Biggest Nemesis: storage http://ow.ly/b7eSD
  22. 22. 022 NUTANIX INC. – CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY Break Away… Bring Your Own Infrastructure (BYOI)™

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