Edward ii &iii

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georgian era in britain

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Edward ii &iii

  1. 1. Edward II &III 100 years war
  2. 2. Edward II and Piers Gaveston <ul><li>Edward II lost at Bannockburn & Robert the Bruce of Scotland won independence for Scotland </li></ul><ul><li>Isabella and Mortimer </li></ul><ul><li>1327 ex-king murdered </li></ul>
  3. 3. Edward III <ul><li>A young king </li></ul><ul><li>1332 Scottish war (King David & John Baliol, son of John) </li></ul><ul><li>1337 King of France and 100 Years War </li></ul><ul><li>116 years </li></ul><ul><li>Growth of Parliament (the Commons and the Great Council) </li></ul><ul><li>Justices of Peace </li></ul><ul><li>The Black Death </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Black Death 1348-1350 <ul><li>Flea-born disease </li></ul><ul><li>Rats travelling from the Far East </li></ul><ul><li>Half of the population died </li></ul><ul><li>Shortage of labour </li></ul><ul><li>Enclosures for sheep (wool & cloth) </li></ul><ul><li>Villeins who bought freedom went to towns (better wages – decline of some villages) </li></ul><ul><li>Religious reforms (Wycliffe and the Lollards) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Cruel Battles <ul><li>English slaughter French knights at the Battle of Crecy 1346 </li></ul><ul><li>Feudal cavalry charge up the muddy hill </li></ul><ul><li>The French massacred by the English infantry and archers </li></ul>
  6. 6. 100 Years War <ul><li>Edward Duke of Gascony </li></ul><ul><li>1340 King of France </li></ul><ul><li>Windsor and the Order of the Garter </li></ul><ul><li>Financial problems </li></ul><ul><li>1346 Crecy and Ponthieu with Philip VI </li></ul><ul><li>1346 David of Scots defeated </li></ul><ul><li>1356 Harrying the Lothians (the Burned Candlemas) </li></ul><ul><li>Edward Prince of Wales (The Black Prince) at Poitiers </li></ul><ul><li>1360 Treaty of Bretigny (no claim for Acquitaine) </li></ul><ul><li>Charles V of France vs Edward and John of Gaunt </li></ul><ul><li>Losses in France </li></ul><ul><li>12 children (7 sons and five daughters) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Edward the Black Prince 1330-1376 <ul><li>Knight and Warrior </li></ul><ul><li>Joan „the fair maid of Kent, daughter of Edmund of Woodstock, son of Edward I </li></ul><ul><li>Richard II (son) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Territorial Gains
  9. 9. <ul><li>1415 Azincourt won by Henry V </li></ul><ul><li>Burgundy allied with England </li></ul><ul><li>Treaty of Troyes 1420 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>English rule in NFrance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On Charles V death a dual kingdom </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Joan of Arc <ul><li>A peasant girl inspired by „voices of angels” rouses French troops and relieves the siege of Orleans </li></ul><ul><li>Dauphin crowned at Rheims 1429 </li></ul><ul><li>Captured by Burgundians, handed over to the English, burnt as a witch at Rouen </li></ul><ul><li>Henry VI of England crowned King of France </li></ul><ul><li>French Revival </li></ul><ul><li>1475 – end of war - Louis XI </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Aftermath <ul><li>1450 - French King Charles VII captures Cherbourg, England’s last stronghold in Normandy </li></ul><ul><li>All lost except Calais </li></ul>
  12. 12. The War of the Roses

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