John Of England

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Life and reign of King John of England (23 December 1166 – 19 October 1216)

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John Of England

  1. 1. John of England <ul><li>24 December 1167 – </li></ul><ul><li>19 October 1216 </li></ul><ul><li>Reign </li></ul><ul><li>6 April 1199 – 18/19 October 1216 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Predecessor Richard I Successor Henry III
  3. 3. Father Henry II Mother Eleanor of Aquitaine Royal house House of Plantagenet
  4. 4. John deer hunting, from a manuscript in the British Library .
  5. 5. Family <ul><li>Spouses : </li></ul><ul><li>Isabella of Gloucester (1189–1199) </li></ul><ul><li>Isabella of Angoulême (1200–1220) </li></ul><ul><li>Children : </li></ul><ul><li>Sons : Henry III, Richard and John </li></ul><ul><li>Daughters : Isabella and Eleonor </li></ul>
  6. 6. NICKNAMES <ul><li>John acquired the nickname of &quot;Lackland&quot; for his lack of an inheritance as the youngest son of Henry II . </li></ul><ul><li>He also had the nickname of &quot;Soft-sword&quot; for his alleged military ineptitude in the twelve years long War of Bouvines which followed when he broke his word concluding with the battle of Bouvines in the county of Flanders. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Historical Events <ul><li>1193 – alliance with French King Phillip ll </li></ul><ul><li>1195 – returned his lands </li></ul><ul><li>1199 – acquired the title Duke of Normandy </li></ul><ul><li>1204 – lost Normandy lands </li></ul><ul><li>1214 – war with France </li></ul><ul><li>1215 – the first Baron’s War </li></ul>
  8. 8. 1215 – signed the Magna Carta
  9. 9. Titles <ul><li>The King </li></ul><ul><li>The Earl of Gloucester and Cornwall </li></ul><ul><li>The Earl of Cornwall </li></ul><ul><li>John Plantagenet </li></ul>
  10. 10. October, 19 1215 – died John's tomb effigy King John's tomb in Worcester Cathedral.
  11. 11. King John's reign has been traditionally characterised as one of the most disastrous in English history: it began with defeats—he lost Normandy to Philip Augustus of France in his first five years on the throne—and ended with England torn by civil war (The First Barons' War), the Crown Jewels lost and himself on the verge of being forced out of power.

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