Ap m.ages#3 4


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Ap m.ages#3 4

  1. 1. wILlIAM THE CONQUEROR<br />The Duke of Normandy<br />Wrote the Doomesday Book<br />
  2. 2. Battle of Hastings<br />1066<br />Brought Feudalism to England<br />
  3. 3. Henry II<br />Great grandson of William the Conqueror<br />Was Married to<br />Eleanor of Aquitaine<br />ENGLISH COMMON LAW<br />Grand jury<br />Trial jury<br />Circuit Judge<br />
  4. 4. Two Well Known Sons:<br />Richard the<br /> Lionhearted<br />King John<br />(signed the Magna Carta)<br />
  5. 5. Thomas Becket<br />Archbishop of Canterbury<br />Murdered Dec. 29, 1170<br />Canonized in 1173<br />Canterbury Tales, by<br />Geoffrey Chaucer<br />Friendship vs. Loyalty to the Church??<br />
  6. 6. Henry II<br />Great grandson of William the Conqueror<br />Was Married to<br />Eleanor of Aquitaine<br />ENGLISH COMMON LAW<br />Grand jury<br />Trial jury<br />Circuit Judge<br />
  7. 7. King John 1199-1216<br />Mean to his subjects<br />Tried to squeeze $ out of them<br />Raised taxes to finance his wars ….all culminated in…(next slide)<br />
  8. 8. Magna Carta<br />1215<br /><ul><li>One of the three pillars to England’s constitution
  9. 9. Latin “great charter”
  10. 10. The nobles forced King John to sign it
  11. 11. Guaranteed the nobles certain basic political rights
  12. 12. Limited the power of the king</li></li></ul><li>Simon de Montfort<br />Father of the House of Commons<br />Called the first directly elected parliament in Medieval Europe<br />
  13. 13. Parliament<br />HOUSE <br />of<br />commons<br />HOUSE<br />Of<br />Lords<br />Great Council<br />
  14. 14. France-Capetian Dynasty<br />987-1328<br />Development of representative gov’t<br />Philip II(1180-1223)—he was, Philip Augustus<br />Bailiffs<br />French attempts at Beginning to establish a democratic tradition!<br />Louis IX(grandson of Philip II)-1226-1270<br />Created a French appeals court<br />Philip IV(1285-1314)<br />Adds Third Estate to the Estates-General(Frenh Parliament)<br />
  15. 15. Estates-General<br />
  16. 16. National Assembly<br />Parliament<br />
  17. 17. #4. Hundred Years War<br />“Misery of the Middle Ages”<br />ENGLAND<br />FRANCE<br />
  18. 18. What were the causes of the Hundred Years War?? Pages 348-349<br />Disagreement over rights of land<br />Dispute over the succession to the French throne<br /><ul><li>Charles IV(Fr.),dies childless in 1328; Capetian dynasty ends
  19. 19. Charles’ sister, Isabella, had a son—Edward III, king of England
  20. 20. Salic law—exclusion of women(6th C law maintained until 1789!)
  21. 21. What happened from here??</li></ul>Economic conflicts<br />Duchy of Aquitaine<br />
  22. 22. Major Battles:<br />Agincourt (1415)<br />Poitiers (1356)<br />Crecy (1346)<br />English long bow dominated the battle field<br />Text Maps, page 351<br />
  23. 23. Joan of arc<br />Peasant girl who Convinced Charles vii to be crowned <br />convinced dauphin she could lead the French to victory<br />Lead the French in a battle at fort Orleans and won<br />
  24. 24. Joan of arc is captured by the English, accused of witchcraft<br />May 30th 1431 she is tied to a stake and burned to death at 19 years old<br />
  25. 25. 25 years later church retried her case and proclaim her as innocent<br />May 16th 1920 she is canonized a saint<br />Became a patron saint of France because she saved the French monarchy!!!<br />
  26. 26. Which of the following was not an English victory during the Hundred Years War?<br />Crecy<br />Agincourt<br />Orleans<br />Poitiers<br />Normandy<br />
  27. 27. A major cause of the Hundred Years’ War for the French was that:<br />The French nobles were unwilling to give their support to the English who claimed the throne of France<br />A woman had become ruler of France for the 1st time<br />The King of France claimed the throne of England<br />The economic reason of wool<br />
  28. 28. Impact 100 Yrs. war<br />1. rise of nationalism<br />2. representative assembly's will develop…. Parliamentary system<br />3. War of the Roses—rise of the Tudor dynasty in England<br />4. The twin pillars of the Middle Ages---The Age of Faith & the Age of Chivalry…will die<br />