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The Hundred Years War and Joan of Arc


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The Hundred Years War and Joan of Arc

  1. 1. 100 Years War
  2. 2. 100 Years War <ul><li>Edward III of England– claims French throne </li></ul><ul><li>England already owns some land in France and has allies with the people of Burgundy and Flanders </li></ul>
  3. 3. Phillip IV “the Fair” (king of France) Isabelle King Edward II (king of England) King Edward III (king of England) Edward III therefore in line for throne of France - he was Phillips grandson
  4. 5. No Way! Say French <ul><li>French say that the throne can not descend through a female. Thus Edward III can not be king of France. </li></ul><ul><li>The War is on!!! </li></ul>
  5. 6. English Victories <ul><li>Crecy (1346), </li></ul><ul><li>Poitiers (1356) </li></ul><ul><li>Agincourt (1415) </li></ul><ul><li>New Technology – The Longbow </li></ul>
  6. 7. The English Longbow <ul><li>Long, hand-drawn bow used in medieval Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Could easily penetrate a four inch oak door – or the armor of a French knight. </li></ul><ul><li>Used successfully at Crecy, Poitiers, and Agincourt. </li></ul>
  7. 8. The Battle of Crecy (How to lose a battle in 3 hours) 1) English (blue) on hill 2) Marshy ground in front of English 3) French send in Italian mercenaries 4) English Longbows cut down Italians 5) Italians retreat 6) French run over Italians to get at British. 7) Marshy ground slows up French 8) Longbows cut down French 9) Repeat the process until French army is destroyed 10) Rebuild army and come back to do the same exact thing 10 years later at Poiters – and again at Agincourt.
  8. 9. H:World HistoryEra 4YouTube - Shakespeare - Crispin's Day.mht Shakespeare later immortalizes the English at another battle – the Battle of Agincourt in his play Henry V with the St. Crispin Day speech
  9. 10. Joan of Arc <ul><li>1429 </li></ul><ul><li>The voice of God told sent this 17-year old peasant girl to save France </li></ul><ul><li>Meets France’s boy king (the Dauphin) </li></ul><ul><li>Given and army </li></ul><ul><li>Defeats the English </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Battle of Orleans </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Joan is captured by English allies </li></ul><ul><li>Joan is tried by the Church as a heretic </li></ul><ul><li>Burnt at the stake May 1431 </li></ul>
  11. 12. Results of the War <ul><li>England lost all of its continental possessions, except Calais </li></ul><ul><li>French farmland was devastated </li></ul><ul><li>$$$ </li></ul><ul><li>Population declined </li></ul><ul><li>Growth of nationalism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Define this) </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. More Effects <ul><li>Power In England moves toward Parliament and away from king </li></ul><ul><li>French Kings more powerful </li></ul><ul><li>Longbow and Cannon Changed defenses </li></ul><ul><li>Beginning of the end of the Feudal System </li></ul>