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The hundred years' war

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The hundred years' war

  1. 1. ( 1337 – 1453 )
  2. 2. THEMAIN ENEMY OFENGLAND AT THATTIME WAS FRANCE.
  3. 3. FRENCHS’ WORRIES TERRITORIES ECONOMIC INFLUENCE THE CROWN
  4. 4.  EDWARD III, WHO BECAME KING IN 1327, DECIDED TO RECAPTURE HIS HEREDITARY LANDS IN FRANCE.
  5. 5. RESULTS OF THE WAR THEENGLISH DEVASTATED FRANCE WASTED HUGE SUMS OF MONEY KEPT ONLY THE PORT OF CALAIS
  6. 6.  ENGLAND WON MANY BATTLES BECAUSE OF ITS NATIONAL UNITY, THE MILITIA AND ITS WELL TRAINED ARCHERS ABLE TO STOP THE ATTACKS OF FRENCH KNIGHTS ON HORSEBACK.
  7. 7.  IN 1356, EDWAR’S SON,DEFEATED THE FRENCH AT POITIERS AND CAPTURED THE FRENCH KING. RICHARD II TRIED TO COLLECT TAXES TO PAY FOR THE WAR BUT IT WAS IMPOSSIBLE BECAUSE OF THE PEASANT REVOLT (1381)
  8. 8. THE REVOLT MEANT THE BEGINNING OF THE END OF THE FEUDAL FARMING. AGRICULTURE WAS REPLACED BY SHEEP FARMING.
  9. 9.  RICHARD II WAS GIVEN CREDIT FOR THE SUPPRESSION OF THE PEASANTS’ REVOLT, BUT SOON THE BARONS WERE WORRIED FOR THEIR OWN LANDS. HENRY OF BOLINGBROKE BECAME HENRY IV, ACCEPTED BY THE PARLIAMENT IN 1399.
  10. 10.  HENRY IV WAS SUCCEDED BY HIS ELDEST SON, HENRY V WHO RENEWED THE HUNDRED YEARS’ WAR. HENRY TRIED TO TAKE HIS TROOPS TO CALAIS BUT THE FRENCH EXPECTED HIM NEAR THE TOWN OF AGINCOURT.
  11. 11.  THEENGLISH BOWMEN, HOWEVER, ONCE AGAIN WON THE DAY, AND AGINCOURT IS ONE OF THE GREAT VICTORIES IN ENGLISH HISTORY.
  12. 12.  ACCORDING TO THE TREATY OF TROYES HENRY WAS TO MARRY THE DAUGHTER OF CHARLES VI OF FRANCE AND HEIR THE THRONE.
  13. 13.  THE FIGHTING IN FRANCE CONTINUED. HENRY DIED OF DYSENTERY IN 1422. THE KINGDOM WAS RULED, UNDER THE TERMS OF HENRY’S WILL, BY A COUNCIL OF NINE
  14. 14. JOAN OF ARC A YOUNGPEASANT GIRL NAMED JOAN OF ARC WENT TO THE FRENCH COURT AND DECLARED THAT GOD HAD SENT HER TO SAVE FRANCE.
  15. 15. TO SUM UP: THEHUNDRED YEARS’ WAR BEGAN IN 1337 AND LASTED UNTIL 1453. IT WAS A SERIES OF ATTEMPTS BY THE ENGLISH KINGS TO ESTABLISH THEIR CLAIM TO THE THRONE OF FRANCE.
  16. 16. THE EFFECTS OF THEHUNDRED YEARS’ WAR THIS WAR HAS BEEN THOUGHT AS A NATIONAL WAR SINCE IT WAS FOUGHT BY MANY GROUPS WITHIN ENGLISH SOCIETY AGAINST ENEMY.

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