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  • 1. ABSTRACT This proposal for establishment of a national institute has been prepared to put forward the demand for an Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) in the state of Bihar. In the past the Govt. of India took initiative to open National Institute of Science (NISC) across the country as a measure to reform / improve status of Science education and Research. The present government has taken initiative to start. IISER and NISER, but in the scheme of things, the claim of Bihar state has again been neglected. Though the Hon’ble President of India has also stressed the need of establishing such an institution in the state in his address to joint session of Parliament, it is tragedy of the circumstances that our leaders and government have not given due attention to the need of the state of Bihar. In pursuance of the above demand several individual and organizational efforts have been made . Several petition were submitted and delegations met the Ministers of the G.O. I. and state government .Bihar Brains , an organization of technocrats , Scientists and academicians located in the country as well as outside India formed a core committee to draft the present proposal ( the details are given in appendices). The proposal is divided into following sections and all the relevant documents have been placed in the appendices. 1. Background 2. Special Features of IISER / NISER (2.1 to 2.8) 3. Why the state of Bihar urgently needs such an institute (3.1 to 3.9) 4. Conclusion and modalities of establishing the Institute. 5. Appendix – I to XX. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 1 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 2. Proposal for Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) in the State of Bihar Background: 1. The Government of India, recently through the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) and based on the recommendation of the Scientific advisory Council to the Prime Minister, announced to open Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER). Accordingly three IISERs each at Kolkata, Pune, and Chandigarh have been opened by the government. There has been media report that the fourth IISER will be going to open at Kanpur. At present two IISERs,at Pune and Kolkata, are functional and have started its activities. The central government came to realize the importance of science education and research to improve scientific caliber of the technical manpower of the country. India needs scientists for which Centre of excellence are required to provide training in sciences to youngsters. But most of the young brains are reluctant to choose basic sciences as their career due to unsecured future. This matter of national concern was pointed by the then Minister for Human Resource Development, on the occasion of the golden Jubilee function of UGC. His observation was as under "The undergraduate education in pure sciences is a matter of serious concern. We are going to face shortage of good researchers in a few years time particularly in our premier research institutes in the field of Atomic Energy, Space, Bio- technology, Energy, Oil exploration, Communication and so on. We will have to focus at 10+2 level and "catch them young" for integrated 5 years teaching programme with a possibility of exit after three years". The Formal announcement for setting up of National Institute of Science, NISc was made by the President of India on December 28, 2003 on occasion of the concluding ceremony of the Golden Jubilee of the UGC. Now the government of India has initiated the concept of IISER. And, on August 28, 2006 hon'ble PM laid foundation stone of National Institute of Science Education and Research (NISER), a modified name of NISc, in Orissa. NISER is also supposed to be similar to IISER in aims and objectives. In the next section we are giving in detail the important features of IISER / NISER. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 2 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 3. Features of IISER/NISER: 2. Establishment of IISER/NISER can be taken as a unique step to safeguard declining state of science education in the country. These institutes have been patterned after the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore, in terms of high quality research in basic science and the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) in terms of teaching and education. Some of the important and special features of IISER can be observed as under 2.1 Autonomous Status: IISER will be an autonomous institute under the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India. It will serve as research centre of the highest caliber and will provide teaching as well as research training of excellent quality in the basic science subjects. However, NISER will function under the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) with course patterns similar to that of IISER. 2.2 Flexible Integrated Academic Programms: IISER will offer 5-years integrated Masters and post-bachelors and post-Masters Ph.D. programs. Beside this, doors for the integrated programs will be open for all those students graduating in science from different universities. The integrated programme will be flexible and student has option to leave this after taking master degree after four years, if they are not willing to pursue doctoral program. Also, a M.Sc. degree holder from outside can get direct entry into PhD program of the IISER. There will be options and opportunities for the post- doctoral and research positions. Students will get scholarship on the basis of merit. Obviously there will be three entry points to IISER. The degrees awarded would be: a. Integrated 5-year Masters Curriculum following class XII of our school /Inter college system (or its equivalent) b. Post B.Sc. integrated Ph.D. curricula (i.e. M.Sc and Ph.D) c. Ph.D. programme after M.Sc or equivalent degree 2.3 Multidisciplinary nature of IISER: IISER will provide multidisciplinary science education and specialization. Traditional borders will be highly flexible. The academic programmes will be semester wise with options for specialization in multiple disciplines of basic sciences based on a flexible credit system. There will be exceptional teaching and research talents which will be bolstered by state of the art research laboratories, library and computational facilities. Comprehensive core courses will be provided in the first two years of the program in all areas of basic sciences, viz. chemical, physical, mathematical and biological sciences; following which, students can branch out to contemporary areas of interdisciplinary research. 2.4 Additional courses: Additional courses in the interdisciplinary areas of earth, agriculture, energy and environmental science, computer and system sciences and engineering sciences, along with courses in Humanities / Social Sciences, Computational Science with modern numerical methods will be an integral part Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 3 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 4. of the programme. Full time research, technical project or specialized training during the final one and half years of the integrated Masters programme leading to a dissertation will be mandatory. 2.5 Center for R&D: Apart from classroom instructions, IISER will equip students with skills of other areas such as scientific inquiry, problem solving, communication skills, computational sciences, electronics and instrumentation, workshop and glass blowing practices. IISER will be an institute of international standards and provide research opportunities in the frontier areas of science and Technology. 2.6 Intake: The full fledged IISER will accommodate more than 2,000 students in integrated master, doctoral and post doctoral programme, with about 200 excellent faculty members. 2.7 Financial Support: Adequate financial support in the form of freeship and scholarship will be provided to students. Obviously, this new initiative of central government to popularize and pave science education and research will produce excellent scientific manpower throughout the country and lead to development of quality infrastructure, industry and other related developments in the native state of institution. 2.8 Benefits and Importance of IISER One of the most important features of the course pattern of IISER is that it will be multi- disciplinary in nature. Multidisciplinary education in science will be helpful in developing flexible cognitive style and will train students for wide range of potential, for gaining excellence in multiple fields. It has been seen that the process of getting specialization becomes faster after adequate multidisciplinary training. This will develop specialization in students at higher levels of study or at work place. Such difference from traditional science education will increase possibility of student motivation and aptitude. It is like making Jack of all trades and master of many trades. Sometimes becoming jack of all trades is better than mastering one because it makes you master of integration, association, and conceptualization which bring distinctive specialization in future. If we see the list of polymaths e.g. Leonardo da Vinci, who was engineer, physician, painter, inventor, musician, astrologer, alchemist and architect, it is very easy for one to imbue that they were mastering many disciplines, capable in integrating knowledge of different trades and had shown unique convergence with diverging skills .Fortunately, land of Bihar has also given many polymaths among which name of Chanakya is well known, but this land has been kept blanked with in the national scene and IISER will be, a setup with hope to produce pundits of sciences. One can easily feel the importance and impact of such institutes in our own state. Of course opening of such institute will give new directions to students, create scientific inclination and appetite for science education but place of establishment of such institutes decides many things such as distribution of national educational fund, regional developments etc that are matter of national concerns. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 4 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 5. Why the State of Bihar needs NISc/NISER/ IISER? 3. The decision to open such institutes at the places where there is already a high concentration of central institutes will further widen regional imbalances and developmental pattern will be highly skewed in favor of the metropolitan areas of the Nation which has never been our long term objective. Our National objective has been equitable share in the developmental efforts to of all parts of our country. As per statistics (appendix - IV) Bihar is one of the most ignored states since independence. Bihar has been receiving least central funds for education and hence it is at the back bench in matters of education and research. The states of Bihar and Jharkhand have been the biggest revenue generators and made lion contribution in centrally collected excise, vat and direct taxes. Our savings in the banks (Deposits) is one of the largest as compared to other states. Then why do we have the least share in the national pie. It is our natural right that if any national program is mooted we must have the share in the program first. So let it be in the case of the national programme of Indian Institute of Science & Education Research. There has to be serious planning with sustained action and monitoring by government for next 20 years to join the vanguard of developed states. Bihar is completely devoid of National and central Institutes. Excellent centers of education and research in the area of S&T are urgently required as developments in S&T stimulate developments in other areas too. In addition to this, there are more valid reasons to open NISC/IISER/NISER; however, we emphasize here a few of them as under 3.1 Bihar is deserted of National and Centrally Funded Educational R and D. Institutions: In the name of national institute, Bihar has a National Institute of Technology which is in infancy. It is well known that in Bihar there is not a single institution like Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Indian Institute of Information Technology (IIIT), Indian Statistical Institute (ISI), Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Research Laboratories of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Laboratory of Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO), Central University or other institutes of national and international reputes. One can find list of institutes of national repute at http://www.ugc.ac.in/inside/utype.php?st=Institute%20of%20National%20Imp ortance 3.2. Bihar needs Local Research & Development facility: The pitiful state of affairs with existing educational institutes in Bihar is that their research and development activities have come to a grinding halt. Govt. of India has established Knowledge Commission. In what capacity Bihar will join such avenues for national and global race? How a Bihari can contribute in it and take benefit from it? Without research and quality education, how one can think to grow, develop and become prosperous? One may argue that institutes like IIT, IIIT, NIS, IISC, IIM, and ISI are accepting students on merit from all over India, and it does not matter if these Institutes are not situated in Bihar. In the Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 5 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 6. wider sense, it is acceptable and if a student from Bihar comes in merit list he/she can get admission anywhere in India, but local spin-offs of Central Universities will be totally absent. Local spin offs of big Institutes are numerous and important. The existence of educational institutes of repute in proximity increases awareness among people for the quality education. It works as node for interaction and transmission of knowledge among aspirants, teachers and local people. It procures lot of benefits to faculties of nearest colleges and universities. The chances of getting higher education and training for faculty members of other local colleges, universities will increase. This will improve their quality which will be further beneficial for the students getting education under them. Lot of teachers working in different universities of Bihar do not avail training program and quality improvement program because such facilities are available in the reputed institutes far away from their working place. The presence of big institutes also improves inclination for research among employed faculties. At present research orientation among college or university teachers in Bihar is rare. If some teachers are active in research, it is painful for them to get research materials. For that they need to visit institutes in places like Varanasi, Allahabad, Delhi, and Kolkata which are not near. Traveling to these Institutes takes time, money and willpower which can not be naturally expected from all the research aspirants. The result of such difficulties is that very few faculty members manage to do research and thus fail to improve themselves and one can not expect quality teaching from them. Under such circumstances teachers have to rely on their own experience of knowledge which in turn compels teachers to run under the strategy of chalk & talk- rote- routine which is never good in university education. Availability of big Institutions locally can tackle these problems and inspire or open eyes of both the teachers and the taught. 3.3 Big Institutes supports and accelerate Industrialization in the Local area: Big Institutes attract industries. It can be observed in all places where big institutes are situated. The relation between companies and big institutes of S &T is like that of bee and flower. Companies always like to open their branches near such institutes for technical collaboration. So establishment of big educational and research institute is an open invitation for companies resulting in new job openings as well as local overall developments. 3.4 It will help in stopping brain drain (internal and external): The existence of big institute can stop brain drain which is essential for developing Bihar. Of course, many people from Bihar are getting higher educations and are doing well in different areas of scientific research, medical, engineering etc. Such people also aspire to live in Bihar and have a plan to do something for their home state. But they are unable to show their worth because suitable place for the growth of their merit, genius and capability within Bihar does not exist. 3.5 Establishment of NISc/IISER in Bihar will be a step to reduce regional imbalance and increase funding to Bihar: There is a great regional imbalance in the distribution of national institutes and national funds available for education to different states. Bihar is one of the most neglected states. Since independence there have been developments of many institutes in the southern India in comparison to northern part and they are more or less uniformly distributed. [Appendix IV] Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 6 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 7. 3.6 It is a big socio-political decision: Establishment of NISc/ IISER in Bihar will be a big political decision. In the eye of central government present educational environment of Bihar is not conducive for the establishment of such institutes. Also, neighboring states are in race for getting NISc/IISER. In the light of the decision of Central Govt. to promote science education and research, we people of Bihar should come forward to drive home the point that for modernization and industrialization of Bihar quality science and technical education is indispensable. Also if the Indian state follows the principle of equitable development as per our constitution, then why Bihar will be allowed to languish in backwardness and poverty. 3.7 Hon'ble President's vision for Bihar: On March 28, 2006, while addressing joint session of legislatures of Bihar and also Bihar Chamber of Commerce, Hon'ble President, Dr. Abdul Kalam emphasized the matter of establishment of IISER in Bihar as observed under: “Institutions of Advanced Learning in Bihar : The Human Resource Development Ministry may consider the creation of an Indian Institute of Technology in Bihar for promoting high quality technical education and research in Bihar and ten state of the art skill development technical institutes . The All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) for Patna has already been approved by the government. There is need to establish high quality medical education and research institute very fast. In addition, all the universities and their affiliated colleges in Bihar must progressively get themselves ISO certified. The Bihar Government may also consider the establishment of a few private sector advanced institutions at four or five key locations so that they can become benchmark and competitor for government institutions”. (Part of the 10 point prescription for the development of Bihar by Hon'ble President Dated March 28, 2006) 3.8 Bihar Comes under BIMARU state in India Science Report: Bihar shares higher percentage of non-scientific and technical workforce of the country. In the India Science Report Bihar comes under BIMARU group of states and keeps 8.9% of non scientific and non-technical workforce of the country. As per India Science Report 2005, the number of students from Bihar migrating to other states for the higher studies in science may be somewhere less than 0.6%. This happens due to imbalance in distribution of such institutes. Getting higher education outside is costlier and every aspirant cannot afford it despite his/her will to continue higher education in science. Such migration of student also leads to the development of infrastructure to states where they study. The establishment of such institute will increase percentage of students from Bihar seeking higher education in science. The unavailability of institutes like IISER of higher education and research also forbid students from other parts of the country to come here for education. This dispels Bihar from national and international educational streams and state remains known for its ugly faces to the rest the country. Based on such observations Bihar must get a NISc/IISER. Bihar has a rich legacy in the field of Science, Mathematics and Arts. In early period It had Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 7 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 8. International University of Nalanda fame. Bihar has produced Giants in the area of scientific research, literature and arts such as Aryabhatt, Vanbhatt, Panini, Chanakya, Jai Shankar Prasad, Rahul Sankritayan and their likes. However, at present Bihar is not credited for its golden past and deliberately denied for opportunities that can restore our capacity and prosperity. We fell behind in national stream largely due to such ignorance. It has been argued by many policy makers that Bihar does not deserve institute likes IISER/NISER on the ground of downhill journey of our higher education system. We accept that the status of our higher education system is on the downhill path but when we introspect to find out the reasons, the root causes comes out to be ignorance, deprived of opportunities to develop, poor allocation of central funds on our education etc. Despite such persistent ignorance academics from Bihar has made great success in many fields. The teaching of science is being done in the local universities but research is partially absent. Research requires resources which is not available. So denial of IISER/NISER like institutes on the basis of our poor research and education condition is totally baseless and is like an old well known saying in Hindi that The Areas In Which Headways Have Been Made By Researchers In Bihar In the different state run universities such as Patna University, BRA Bihar University, Mithila University, Magadh University Bhagalpur University, Rajendra Agriculture University considerable headway has been made in the different areas of physical and applied sciences. In PU, much quality work has been done in the area of Bio- Tech and Genetics. In Physical Sciences, notable progress has been made in nanotechnology in Patna University. Researchers and teachers serving in these universities have published several important papers in reputed national and international journals. Many papers have been published in the field of Artificial Satellites dynamics as well as in the dynamics of three body systems in Mathematics Department of BRA Bihar University (under D.S.T. project) and there has been considerable work in the field of few body systems and astrophysics in Patna University itself. There is also running master level course in Electronic Science under BRA Bihar University. Establishment of IISER can add a professional value to such courses. Very important research has been done in the field of solar energy and Material Sciences in Mithila University. In our agricultural research center many new varieties of rice, potato and other agro-product has been developed. In physical sciences theoretical work in the area of nuclear physics and quantum mechanics is of high standard. Major progress has been made in studies of environment and fishes. There may be many other noteworthy developments in the Universities of Bihar . A good number of our alumni are placed in important International centers of R. & D. in India and abroad ( e.g. NASA , M.I. T. , Maryland Univ., Space Observatories (UK) etc. ).A good number of them are contributing their lot through the organizations like BiharBrains Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 8 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 9. What the committee likes to suggest is that we have conducive environment to flourish institutes like NISER/IISER. In reality, absence of such institutes has sidelined merits as they did not get opportunity to flourish. If institute like IISER/ NISER is opened in the state many people from Bihar who are doing work outside can return to contribute for the mother state. Conclusion: 4. As pointed above, there is an urgent need of the time that an Institute of Excellence be established in Bihar with the sole objective of rigorous training for Degrees at BSc, MSc and M.Phil level and for doing world class research in the field of Science & Technology, we find ourselves best suited for. The fields in which some nascent activities have been shown can become the trend setter for guiding PhD scholars and for Post-doctoral research. Once the central facilities of Library and Computers are established and once a rigorous method of evaluation and choosing citation index as the measuring scale for the research scholars are adopted, there should be a rapid growth of original and innovative research. The need for Indian Institute of Science & Education Research is well established in this presentation. After establishment of IISER there will be development of specialized laboratories for research at higher levels in different areas of sciences. Modalities Government of Bihar will have to provide about 250 acres of land at nominal • rate which must be reasonably accessible by air and rail. It must also provide access road, drinking water, insure electricity supply etc. The central government will provide financial outlay of around Rs. 500.00 • crores for a period of five years. This financial outlay has already been promised to the two institutes in Kolkata and Pune by central government. Integrated campus with housing for faculty, hostel for students, guesthouse • for visiting teachers and scientists as well as sports facilities. The projected strength of this IISER in the next five years will be about 1500 • students and 150 faculty members. We therefore request the the Govt of Bihar to urgently take up the demand to the Govt. of India and We the core Committee members will provide our full cooperation and support to the process at various levels Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 9 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 10. Appendix – I LIST OF MEMBERS OF THE CORE COMMITTEE (Set up by BiharBrains) Local Members (Resident of Bihar): Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 10 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 11. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 11 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 12. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 12 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 13. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 13 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 14. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 14 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 15. The above committee held its three consecutive meetings at department of Physics, Patna University,Patna. Based on discussion and written reports, previous applications and articles, included in appendix, submitted by many members, final reports have been compiled and then ratified by all members unanimously. This report also includes reports by following members i. “Vision document” of Dr. Vijay Singh (TIFR, Mumbai) who later submitted his report to BiharBrains. ii. Report of Dr. Manish Kumar Jha, member of the core committee iii. Report of Dr. Sudhir Ranjan, Pittsburg, member of the core committee IV. Report of Dr. Rajkishore Prasad, member of the core committee We do feel that this report satisfies the objectives of the committee for which it was formed. We all members of the committee hereby submit this report to BiharBrains and do hope that BiharBrains will submit this report to the govt of Bihar and thereafter Bihar government will go ahead to bring an NISc/ IISER/NISER for Bihar. Signatures of the members Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 15 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 16. Appendix – II Chronology of Efforts Made By Bihar Brains Dr. RajKishore Prasad, Lecturer University Department of Electronic Science, BRA Bihar University, Muzaffarpur, (At present a post-doctoral research fellow of JSPS, TOKYO, JAPAN) started demand of NISc/IISER for Bihar in 2004 and has been continuously raising the issue at different levels. On August 13, 2004 he sent first letter to the hon'ble president making demand for a NISc for Bihar. The copy of the same was sent to all mentioned in the application it is also placed in the directory of BiharBrains. In Jan 2006, Dr. Raj Kishore Prasad raised this issue in the BiharBrains requested the group members raise the issue at wider level. Dr. Prasad submitted his reports to the group and is actively running with the issue. Then BiharBrains is taking up this matter and started a campaign for the demand of NISC-IISER in Bihar in various levels and fronts. BiharBrains discuss this issue on the group mails with members from across the world and make further strategies and plan. This can be appreciated by the following Chronology of events for the Demand of NISC-IISER in Bihar 1. August 13, 2004: Dr. Rajkishore Prasad sent first letter to the Hon'ble President, then chief minister of Bihar and all other mentioned in letter for the establishment of National Institute of Science (NISc). [See Appendix V] 2. NDA led central government stepped down and matter of NISc became pending. On 28.09.2005 UPA led government announced to open Indian Institute of Science for Education and Research (IISER) at Pune and Kolkata. 3. Dr. Raj Kishore joined BB and also initiated discussion on the same in the BiharBrains on 24th Jan, 2006. Details are available at the group's website (www.biharbrains.org). 4. Jan 28, 06: Direct letter by Raj Kishore to the newly elected chief minister of Bihar and forwarded copy to all others addressed in the letter. Copy of the letter was also forwarded to BiharBrains, different newspapers and members of scientific advisory committee to PM.[Appendix VI] 5. Feb.09, 2006: same letter was posted by Raj Kishore (from Tokyo, Japan) to hon'ble PM, India 6. March 13, 2006: There has been confusion over the issue of NISc and IISER. So Dr. Rajkishore Prasad also added proposal for IISER in the above letter and sent to hon'ble President, PM, CM Bihar and all other mentioned in the letter. Copy of the same was sent to BB and to Shri. Bikramaditya. Bibhuti (Global Chairman of BiharBrains) [Appendix V] 7. March 23, 06: Formal request for the meeting with Minister Science &Technology was sent by Shri. Bibhuti Bikramaditya, Chairman, BiharBrains to discuss on the following agenda; Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 16 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 17. Demand for NISC/IISER in Bihar, • Role of NRIs in the development of Bihar, • On the same day indirect call from Minister was accepted by Sri Bikramaditya to hold meet with him on March 30, 2006. ) [Appendix VIII] 8. March 28, 2006: Hon'ble President stressed need of IISER and IIT for Bihar while, addressing joint session of legislatures of Bihar which was forwarded in group by Dr. Prasad to accelerate the matter.) [Appendix IX] 9. March 30,06: Meeting with Hon’ble Minister,Science & Technology, Govt of Bihar with a team led by Sri Bibhuti Bikramaditya comprising Prof BK Sharma , Prof RK Sinha, Prof UNL Mathur for the Demand of NISC /IISER in Bihar and role of NRIS in the development of Bihar. The memorandum was submitted in support of NISC /IISER in Bihar. In the meeting serious discussions were held on the various aspects of establishing NISC /IISER and other research institutes in Bihar. In that meeting A memorandum BBSC/Gov/02/06-07 was given. [Appendix X] 10. Resolution of the meeting: a. BB will form core committee for the demand of NISC/IISER in Bihar. The committee will give its report in one month time. b. BB will organize seminar for creating environment in Bihar for the investors in the month of Nov, 06 in association with the Dept of Science & Technology, Govt of Bihar. BB will invite NRIs /CEOs of MNCs/Academicians in the same event and take ideas from them. 11. April 2, 2006: Dr. Rajkishore Prasad talked (through BBC) with Hon'ble union minister S & T, Dr. Kapil Sibal making demand of NISc/IISER for Bihar. Hon'ble minister replied in affirmative while commenting on poor conditions of existing educational environment in Bihar 12. May 4, 06: A 51 member Core committee (32 from the state of Bihar and 19 from other parts of the world) was formed by BiharBrains. A notification for the First meet of the Core committee was sent to all members. Dr SP Verma, EX- HOD, Physics Deptt., Patna Science College was given the responsibility to act as the coordinator of the Core committee. [Appendix XIII] 13. May 10, 06: BiharBrains organizes meeting of the First core committee members held at the PG Dept of Physics, Patna University, Patna 14. May 25, 06: BiharBrains organized second meeting of the core committee. 15. Jun 1, 2006: An article by Dr. Prasad in Hindustan Hindi Dainik, Patna Edition.[Appendix XIV] 16. July 13, 2006: Dr. Prasad met hon'ble Union Minister Sri Ram Vilash Paswan as representative of BiharBrains in Japan to request to bring a NISc/ IISER in Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 17 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 18. Bihar and submitted a memorandum. The copy of the same has been submitted to all other concerned mentioned in the application. Hon'ble minister promised to bring an IISER in Bihar.Copy of the same has been sent to other VIPs (Hon'ble President, Hon'ble CM and Deputy CM Bihar, Hon'ble Union Railways Minister, Hon'ble Union Minister HRD, Sri Sharad Yadav, Hon'ble MP, Hon'ble Union Minister for Rural Development, Hon'ble MP Sri G. Franandis, Hon'ble Union Minster for state HRD. M.A. Fatami. [Appendix XIII] 17. An article by Dr. Rajkishore Prasad on his meeting with hon'ble union minister which was published in many leading papers such as Bihar Times, Patna Daily, Bharat Today etc [Appendix XVI]. 18. Aug 28,2006 : Dr. Vijay Singh ( National Coordinator of Science Olympiads , Homi Bhabha Center for Science Education ,TIFR ,Mumbai) also send his proposal “Vision document “ to BiharBrains to highlight this issue to the govt. His document was accepted to include under BiharBrains chronology. Earlier he also sent letter to the govt of Bihar for the demand of setting up of IISER in Bihar. [ Appendix XVII] 19. Report by Dr. Manish Kumar Jha, Post Doctoral Researcher,KIGAM (A Govt. R&D Lab.),Daejeon, South Korea and a member of core committee. [Appendix XVIII] 20. Report by Dr. Sudhir Ranjan, USA, A member of the core Committee [Appendix XIX] 21. Report by Dr. Rajkishore Prasad, A member of the core Committee [Appendix XX] 22. Sept 24, 2006 An article by Dr. Rajkishore Prasad, Published in Manthan a publication by Bihar Brains 23. Third and final core meet to finalize the draft: held on Nov 12, 2006 at B.SC Lecture Theatre, Dept of Physics, Patna Science College, Patna. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 18 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 19. Appendix (III) First Announcement for Setting up NISC/IISER The first announcement to establish NISc in the country came in the press release of HRD on 9th December 2003.Formal announcement to setup NISc was made by our Hon'ble President on December 28, 2003 while he was speaking at the golden Jubilee function of the University Grant Commission(UGC). This can be seen at http://www.ugc.ac.in/new_initiatives/newnis.html. This matter of national concern was also pointed by the then Hon'ble Minister for Human Resource Development Professor Murli Manohar Joshi on the same occasion. In his inaugural speech Hon'ble Minister reflected main objective of establishment of NISc as given under: "The undergraduate education in pure sciences is a matter of serious concern. We are going to face shortage of good researchers in a few years time particularly in our premier research institutes in the field of Atomic Energy, Space, Bio-technology, Energy, Oil exploration, Communication and so on. We will have to focus at 10+2 level and "catch them young" for integrated 5 years teaching programme with a possibility of exit after three years". In the follow up action UGC announced to establish four NISc across the country in the proximities of following four universities: 1. East: At Bhubaneswar in the proximity of Utkal University. 2. West: At Pune in the proximity of University of Pune. 3. North: At Allahbad in the proximity of Allahbad University. 4. South: At Chennai in the proximity of Anna University. Unfortunately, in the above announcement, Bihar did not get a place. The decision to open NISc at such places was taken to cover four corners of our country. However, density of existing national institutes in such places was totally ignored. e.g. Allhabad already has several National Institutes, where as Bihar had none at that time (now Bihar has one NIT). Much importance was given to proximity of existing premier Institute or Universities. However, in the age of internet and global networking, proximity to big institutes should not be a thing of so much importance to establish new institutes. Despite these announcements none of the above mentioned four places got NISc and in between Central Govt changed and it seems matter of NISc got stalled. However, UPA led government made a surprising decision and 0n August 28, 2006, Hon'ble PM laid foundation stone of National Institute for Science Education and Research (NISER). The UPA led government has announced, in Sept 2005, establishment of Indian Institute of Science for Education and Research (IISER) at Pune and Kolkata. The Union Ministry for Human Resource Development has been authorized to fund both the institutes this year, so that they can become operational in 2006. It will take cost of Rs.500.00 crore each, with the expenditure spread over a period of seven years. These Institutes will have main academic programmes in major areas in Physical Sciences, Chemical Sciences, Mathematics, Material Sciences, Environment & Earth System Sciences, Life Sciences and Computer Science. The Institutes are likely to Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 19 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 20. start the courses from the Academic Session 2006-07. The institute established at Kolkata has made notification for admission in its first academic session. As per media report Central Government has also decided to open IISER at Chandigarh and Kanpur Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 20 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 21. Appendix (IV) Area wise Fund Allocation The zone wise distribution of national institutes of reputes is produced below. In one of the analysis done for distribution of central funds for higher education (technical), based on data of 2005-06, (http://www.baral.us/hrdnh.pdf ), it has been shown that Bihar is the least fund fetching state. It is amazing to know that while Central Government spends (Data 2005-2006 Per Capita Exp. In State Rs. Delhi 100 Uttaranchal 59.51 Aruanachal Pradesh 59.28 Assam 43.86 Himachal Pradesh 19.07 West Bengal 15.86 Karnataka 14.18 Tamil Nadu 10.04 Maharashtra 9.64 Uttar Pradesh 9.64 Jharkhand 9.14 Andhra Pradesh 9.06 Jammu & Kashmir 8.18 Punjab 7.55 Haryana 4.81 Kerala 4.46 Chhattisgarh 4.17 Gujarat 2.7 Orissa 2.29 Rajasthan 1.46 Bihar 1.04 Zone States with Ignored States. IIT/IISc/IIM North UP J&K, Haryana, HP South Equal distribution East W.Bengal Bihar, Sikkim Central M.P. Chattisgarh N.E.Zone Assam Tripura. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 21 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 22. Such imbalance in distribution of Central funds for education does not augured well for the development and integrity of India. However, this point has been noticed by our Hon'ble PM who made public speech concerning this. In his speech on 'India Science Report' of the National Council of Applied Economic Research he has shown his deep concern over such regional imbalance which can be imbued from his speech as under: While speaking at India Economic summit on Sept. 30, 2005, hon'ble PM has also shown his great concern over the equitable development of India as under: "Yet, we still have the skeptics, the worriers and the critics. Some have genuine concerns about change; others continue to be prisoners of the past. Today, when I look back, I am even more convinced that I was correct to observe in my first budget speech in 1991 that the idea of the emergence of India as a front ranking economic powerhouse of the world economy was an idea whose time had indeed come. I had then added, quoting Victor Hugo that no power on earth can stop an idea whose time had come. I must amend that to say that if there is any power that can still stop this idea of a resurgent India, it is ourselves. I believe that there are no external constraints now to India's growth and whatever constraints are there, are internal; constraints imposed by our polity, our social structures, our regional imbalances, our ability to handle inequity, and our ability to take hard, but essential decisions." For the details, please visit http://www.ibef.org/artdisplay.aspx?cat_id=100&art_id=8579 Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 22 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 23. Appendix (V) Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 23 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 24. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 24 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 25. Appendix (VI) Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 25 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 26. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 26 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 27. Appendix (VII) Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 27 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 28. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 28 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 29. Appendix (VIII) Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 29 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 30. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 30 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 31. Appendix (IX) Part Of the 10 –Point Prescription for the Development of Bihar by Hon’ble President (Dated March 28,2006) Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 31 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 32. Appendix (X) Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 32 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 33. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 33 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 34. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 34 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 35. Appendix (XI) Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 35 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 36. Appendix (XII) Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 36 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 37. Appendix (XIII) Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 37 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 38. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 38 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 39. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 39 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 40. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 40 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 41. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 41 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 42. APPENDIX (XIV) Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 42 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 43. APPENDIX (XV) Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 43 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 44. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 44 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 45. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 45 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 46. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 46 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 47. APPENDIX (XVI) Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 47 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 48. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 48 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 49. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 49 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 50. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 50 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 51. APPENDIX (XVII) Report Submitted to BiharBrains By Dr. Vijay Singh Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 51 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 52. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 52 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 53. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 53 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 54. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 54 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 55. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 55 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 56. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 56 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 57. APPENDIX (XVIII) Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 57 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 58. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 58 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 59. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 59 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 60. APPENDIX XIX Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 60 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 61. APPENDIX XX Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 61 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 62. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 62 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 63. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 63 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 64. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 64 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 65. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 65 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 66. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 66 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 67. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 67 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 68. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 68 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 69. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 69 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 70. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 70 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 71. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 71 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 72. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 72 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 73. Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 73 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org
  • 74. ---------------------------End Document------------------------------- Bihar Brains Scholastic Center Confidential 74 A Unit of BiharBrains , B.M Das Road .Patna Tel : (+91) 612-3258716, Email: biharbrains@yahoo.com web: www.biharbrains.org