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NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
NU100 Primer
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NU100 Primer

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Introduction to GPS Science, technology and applications

Introduction to GPS Science, technology and applications

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  • Welcome to NavUniversity's Primer, an introduction to the world of Global Positioning System, GPS.
  • Transcript

    • 1. INTRODUCTION TO GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM NU100 – GPS Primer
    • 2. GPS Primer <ul><li>Overview of GPS technology, users and applications </li></ul><ul><li>Designed for Product Managers, Application Engineers, Technicians, Analysts, Technical Writers, Sales, Marketing, Business Development and Consultants </li></ul>NU100 The GPS Primer is suitable for a non-technical audience
    • 3. Course Objectives <ul><li>Provide information on how GPS works and history behind the technology </li></ul><ul><li>Explore the multiple ways GPS is being used today, and into the future </li></ul>NU100 GPS Constellation
    • 4. GPS Certificate Program <ul><li>GPS Technology and Applications Certificate benefits: </li></ul><ul><li>Obtain practical skills in technology, science and applications of Global Navigation Satellite Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Learn interdisciplinary skills </li></ul><ul><li>Learn anywhere, anytime with NavU Learning Management System </li></ul><ul><li>Receive recognition for GNSS competency and accomplishments </li></ul><ul><li>Core Courses </li></ul><ul><li>NU100 Global Positioning System </li></ul><ul><li>NU200 GNSS Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Electives </li></ul><ul><li>NU300 Survey and Construction </li></ul><ul><li>NU310 Military and Government </li></ul><ul><li>NU320 Avionics and Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>NU330 Location-Based Services </li></ul><ul><li>NU340 Mass Market OEM </li></ul><ul><li>NU350 Utilities and Communications </li></ul><ul><li>NU360 System Design and Test </li></ul><ul><li>NU370 Geographic Information Systems </li></ul>NU100
    • 5. NU100 Course Topics <ul><li>Lesson 1 </li></ul><ul><li>What is GPS? </li></ul><ul><li>How does it work? </li></ul><ul><li>GPS History </li></ul><ul><li>How is GPS Managed? </li></ul><ul><li>Lesson 2 </li></ul><ul><li>GPS Key Elements </li></ul><ul><li>Space Segment – Satellites </li></ul><ul><li>Control Segment – Stations </li></ul><ul><li>User Segment – Receiver </li></ul><ul><li>Lesson 3 </li></ul><ul><li>How do we Use GPS today? </li></ul><ul><li>Military and Government </li></ul><ul><li>Survey and Construction </li></ul><ul><li>Lesson 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Avionics and Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Location Based Services </li></ul><ul><li>Lesson 5 </li></ul><ul><li>Utilities and Communications </li></ul><ul><li>System Design and Test </li></ul><ul><li>The future of GPS </li></ul>NU100
    • 6. <ul><li>WHAT IS GPS? </li></ul><ul><li>HOW DOES IT WORK? </li></ul><ul><li>GPS HISTORY </li></ul><ul><li>HOW IS GPS MANAGED? </li></ul>Lesson 1 NU100
    • 7. What is GPS? <ul><li>GPS provides precise positioning, navigation and timing services </li></ul><ul><li>Exact location on Earth any time, anywhere, and in any weather </li></ul>Lesson 1 Navigate on land, sea or air
    • 8. How Does GPS Work? <ul><li>GPS is made up of three parts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Satellites orbiting the Earth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Control and monitoring stations on Earth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GPS receivers owned by users </li></ul></ul>Lesson 1
    • 9. Navigation Tools <ul><li>Survival has been dependent on moving from one place to another, safely and effectively </li></ul><ul><li>Early navigators relied on a system of primitive charts and observations of the Sun and stars to determine directions </li></ul>Lesson 1
    • 10. Navigational Tools <ul><li>Navigational tools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Magnetic compass </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sextant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chronometer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sextant Operation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Point to Horizon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Release Index Bar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bring Sun to Horizon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adjust Sun’s Position </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Swing to Verify </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Read Angle </li></ul></ul>Lesson 1
    • 11. RADAR <ul><li>Radio Detection and Ranging (RADAR) </li></ul><ul><li>Radio waves determine the presence and range of an object </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Position in space </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Size and shape </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Velocity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Direction of motion </li></ul></ul>Lesson 1 Chain Home – WWII Radar
    • 12. GPS History <ul><li>1930- Radio detection and ranging developed by British </li></ul><ul><li>1957- Soviet Union launched Sputnik </li></ul><ul><li>1960- U.S. military study of space using high frequency radio transmissions </li></ul><ul><li>1970- Systems combined to form NAVSTAR </li></ul><ul><li>1989- GPS Block II/IIA </li></ul><ul><li>1995- GPS achieved Full Operational Capability (FOC) </li></ul>Lesson 1
    • 13. Radio-Navigation <ul><li>Ground-based radio-navigation </li></ul><ul><li>Range and accuracy limited </li></ul>Lesson 1 WWII LORAN station
    • 14. Sputnik <ul><li>Sputnik 1 </li></ul><ul><li>High frequency radio transmitters in space </li></ul><ul><li>Soviet Union launched world's first artificial satellite </li></ul><ul><li>Using known satellite orbits to determine an unknown position on the Earth's surface </li></ul>Lesson 1
    • 15. NAVSAT <ul><li>U.S. Navy Transit system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>7 satellites placed in orbit </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Department of Defense NAVSTAR </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Military use </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Constellation operational in 1995 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Global Positioning System </li></ul></ul>Lesson 1 GPS analog CPU GPS Block I is the first GPS satellite
    • 16. How was GPS first used? <ul><li>Ranging using radio signals and precise time derived from orbiting atomic clocks </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Defense increases satellites under NAVSTAR </li></ul><ul><li>Navstar I - 1st GPS satellite, launched Feb ‘78 at Vandenberg AFB </li></ul><ul><li>There were 11 Block I’s, launched from Feb 78 through Oct 85 </li></ul><ul><li>Exclusive use by military </li></ul>Lesson 1
    • 17. Commercial Sector <ul><li>1985 GPS available to commercial sector </li></ul><ul><li>Civilian signal </li></ul><ul><li>Encrypted second-frequency military signal </li></ul>Lesson 1 Designated L1 and L2, Civilian GPS uses L1 frequency UHF band
    • 18. How is GPS Managed? <ul><li>National Space-Based Positioning, Navigation and Timing Executive Committee (PNT) manages GPS. </li></ul><ul><li>PNT has shared this system globally </li></ul><ul><li>Standardized reference and timing systems </li></ul><ul><li>Allowed for development of worldwide global information infrastructure. </li></ul>Lesson 1 Coast Guard Link PNT Link
    • 19. What is the GPS Wing? <ul><li>The GPS Wing manages design and development innovations in GPS Satellite Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible for the acquisition of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GPS spacecraft </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ground control facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Military user equipment </li></ul></ul>Lesson 1 GPS Partnership Council GPS Wing Link
    • 20. <ul><li>Exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Link to: PNT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Link to International Cooperation statement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Verify 4 working groups: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Radio compatibility </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trade and civil applications </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Design, development of next generation systems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Security issues </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Link to: LAAFB </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Search for: gps wing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Locate document: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>GPS Next-Generation Control Squadron Completes Design Reviews, Program Demos </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Question: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What are SDR and MCEM demonstrations? </li></ul></ul></ul>Lesson 1 Exercise Lesson 1
    • 21. Lesson 1 Summary <ul><li>What is GPS, how does it work? </li></ul><ul><li>GPS History </li></ul><ul><li>How is GPS Managed? </li></ul>NU100
    • 22. <ul><li>GPS KEY ELEMENTS </li></ul><ul><li>SPACE SEGMENT – SATELLITES </li></ul><ul><li>CONTROL SEGMENT – STATIONS </li></ul><ul><li>USER SEGMENT – RECEIVER </li></ul>Lesson 2 NU100
    • 23. GPS Key Elements <ul><li>GPS Control, Space, and User segments </li></ul><ul><li>Space Segment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Satellites in Space </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Control Segment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitoring Stations on Earth </li></ul></ul><ul><li>User Segment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GPS receivers </li></ul></ul>Lesson 2
    • 24. Space Segment – Satellites <ul><li>There are 31 actively broadcasting satellites in the GPS constellation </li></ul><ul><li>The GPS Satellites are divided into six orbital groups of four </li></ul><ul><li>Six orbital planes completely surround the earth </li></ul>Lesson 2 GPS constellation with Earth rotating. Number of satellites in view changes with time
    • 25. Control Segment – Stations <ul><li>Control, Monitor and Ground stations </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Air Force ground stations located around the world </li></ul>Lesson 2
    • 26. Master Station <ul><li>Colorado Springs, USA </li></ul><ul><li>Master station receives data from monitoring stations </li></ul><ul><li>Corrects and returns data to satellites </li></ul>Lesson 2 Delta II GPS IIR-18(M) launch, orbit managed by 2nd Space Operations Squadron, Schriever AFB Schriever AFB Link
    • 27. Monitoring Stations <ul><li>Unmanned stations receive constant data from satellites </li></ul><ul><li>Forward to Master Control station </li></ul>Lesson 2 Monitoring station in Hawaii
    • 28. Ground Antenna Stations <ul><li>Tracks satellites from horizon to horizon </li></ul><ul><li>Ground-antennas monitor satellites </li></ul><ul><li>Transmit correction information to individual satellites </li></ul>Lesson 2
    • 29. User Segment – Receiver <ul><li>GPS Receiver </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Detect </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decode </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Process GPS satellite signals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Receivers used in many applications </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of GPS Receivers </li></ul>Lesson 2 Consumer Reports Link
    • 30. GPS Signals <ul><li>Strong </li></ul><ul><li>Weak </li></ul><ul><li>Very Weak </li></ul><ul><li>Signals travel by 'line of sight' through clouds, rain, snow, glass and plastic but not solid objects such as buildings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong: deserts, oceans, open fields and residential areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weak: forests and indoor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Very Weak: office buildings and multi-storey car parks </li></ul></ul>Lesson 2
    • 31. GPS Receivers <ul><li>Installed on aircraft, ships, tanks, submarines, cars, and trucks </li></ul><ul><li>Typical hand-held receiver is about the size of a cellular telephone </li></ul><ul><li>Newer models fit in wristwatch </li></ul>Lesson 2
    • 32. Standard GPS Receiver <ul><li>Determine: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Latitude </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Longitude </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Altitude </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pinpoint location </li></ul><ul><li>Trace path across a map </li></ul>Lesson 2 Displays distance, time, speed, and estimated time of arrival
    • 33. <ul><li>Exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Link to: Schriever AFB </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For in-depth information on constellation status and advisories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Link to: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>GPSOC </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CURRENT ADVISORIES </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>There are many Receiver options </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Link to: Consumer Reports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Search for GPS Guide </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Watch VIDEO: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>GPS Buying Guide </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Question </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What is the cost for uninfluenced buying advice? </li></ul></ul></ul>Lesson 2 Exercise Lesson 2
    • 34. Lesson 2 Summary <ul><li>GPS Key Elements </li></ul><ul><li>Space Segment – Satellites </li></ul><ul><li>Control Segment – Stations </li></ul><ul><li>User Segment – Receiver </li></ul>NU100
    • 35. <ul><li>HOW DO WE USE GPS TODAY? </li></ul><ul><li>MILITARY AND GOVERNMENT </li></ul><ul><li>SURVEY AND CONSTRUCTION </li></ul>Lesson 3 NU100
    • 36. How do we Use GPS today? <ul><li>Military and Government </li></ul><ul><li>Survey and Construction </li></ul><ul><li>Avionics and Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Location based Services </li></ul><ul><li>Utilities and Communications </li></ul>Lesson 3 GPS acknowledged as leading 20 th century invention
    • 37. Military <ul><li>GPS integrated into fighters, bombers, tankers, helicopters, ships, submarines, tanks, support vehicles and soldiers' equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Training, disaster relief, peacekeeping and base management activities </li></ul><ul><li>Battlefield operations and weapons systems </li></ul>Lesson 3 GPS Military activities
    • 38. Military Aviation <ul><li>Modern &quot;smart weapons&quot; systems, including cruise missiles and precision guided munitions </li></ul><ul><li>Use GPS data for targeting and guidance </li></ul>Lesson 3 U.S. Air Force F-22 Raptor flying at Mach 1.5 at 50,000 feet, releases GPS-aided Joint Direct Attack Munition (JDAM)
    • 39. NASA <ul><li>GPS onboard Space Shuttle </li></ul><ul><li>Space operations and guidance systems for crewed vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Management, tracking and control of satellite constellations </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring the Earth from space </li></ul><ul><li>Support future exploration of the Solar System </li></ul>Lesson 3 NASA Link
    • 40. Government <ul><li>Tsunami Path </li></ul><ul><li>Disasters relief efforts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indian Ocean tsunami </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hurricanes Katrina, Rita </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Search and rescue used GPS, geographic information system and remote sensing to create maps of disaster areas </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency response coordinate police, fire and rescue vehicles </li></ul>Lesson 3
    • 41. Fire boundaries <ul><li>Fires in eastern Australia have devastated communities and infrastructure, and destroyed vast areas of bushland </li></ul><ul><li>Identify fire boundaries and &quot;hot spots&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Transmit fire maps to firefighters' field computers </li></ul><ul><li>National Interagency Fire Center </li></ul>Lesson 3 Fire Agency Link
    • 42. Earthquake prediction <ul><li>Earthquake prediction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research links Seismic Slip And Tremor </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Damage can be greatly reduced by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Better planning, construction, and mitigation practices before earthquakes happen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Providing critical information to improve response after they occur </li></ul></ul>Lesson 3 During 50-year period, strong shaking probability increases from very low (white), to moderate (blue, green, and yellow), to high (orange, pink, and red) US Geological Link
    • 43. Flood prediction <ul><li>Complex interactions between the waters of the land and atmosphere </li></ul><ul><li>National Weather Service collaborates with federal, state, and local agencies </li></ul><ul><li>Provides forecasts and warnings for protection of life and property </li></ul>Lesson 3 Weather Service Link
    • 44. Survey <ul><li>Integrated Survey </li></ul><ul><li>Mapping tectonic activity </li></ul><ul><li>Marine surveying </li></ul><ul><li>Seismic and exploration </li></ul><ul><li>Utilities </li></ul>Lesson 3 Mapping is ranked as the most important GPS application
    • 45. Integrated Surveying <ul><li>Trimble GNSS rover for Integrated Surveying </li></ul><ul><li>GNSS/GPS Surveying and Total Stations Combined </li></ul><ul><li>Land surveying revolutionized </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated Surveying on Rover Pole </li></ul>Lesson 3
    • 46. Survey boundaries <ul><li>Guidance through local zoning regulations, platting ordinances and governmental requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Subdivision Platting </li></ul><ul><li>Topo and Control Survey </li></ul><ul><li>Staking/Boundary/Lots  </li></ul><ul><li>Easements/Land Title </li></ul><ul><li>Home Site/As-Built </li></ul><ul><li>Legal Descriptions </li></ul><ul><li>Site Grading Design </li></ul><ul><li>FEMA </li></ul><ul><li>Renovation of existing buildings </li></ul>Lesson 3
    • 47. Geodetic network <ul><li>LiDAR </li></ul><ul><li>Measurements of changes in the Earth's surface </li></ul><ul><li>Assessing the integrity of buildings and bridges in areas that are geologically active </li></ul>Lesson 3 InSAR EarthScope
    • 48. Hydrographic surveying <ul><li>Marine survey including the acquisition and processing of hydrographic data, positioning, and charting </li></ul><ul><li>Navigational information for shipping </li></ul><ul><li>Exploration of marine resources </li></ul>Lesson 3 Ocean Service Link
    • 49. Seismic and exploration <ul><li>Vessel with GPS, Differential/RTK tows seismic source and hydrophone. Reflected energy is depicted by three rays, shown in red. </li></ul><ul><li>Locate important resources such as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Petroleum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural gas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ores </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minerals </li></ul></ul>Lesson 3
    • 50. Utilities  <ul><li>Municipal agencies responsible for infrastructure such as poles, transformers, lighting, meters plot locations using GPS. Managing assets is complex task. </li></ul><ul><li>Includes electric power, natural gas, drinking water, and sewer connections </li></ul><ul><li>Telecommunications, roads and highways, postal service, sanitation and public transport </li></ul><ul><li>Map utilities and infrastructures </li></ul>Lesson 3
    • 51. Construction <ul><li>Connected Construction Site </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Streamlines workflows </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improves profitability </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Location of cables, pipes and services </li></ul><ul><li>Topo surveys, construction staking, grade checking, and site navigation </li></ul><ul><li>Portable assets such as dump trucks, graders, loaders and generators </li></ul>Lesson 3
    • 52. <ul><li>Exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Link to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Link to: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Monitoring Networks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ShakeMaps </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Animations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>World </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Click: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Start Animation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>The US government monitored the 2004 Tsunami </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Link to: Tsunami </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Find link to US Tsunami Detection System </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Question </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What is DART? </li></ul></ul></ul>Lesson 3 Exercise Lesson 3 Earthquake Hazards
    • 53. Lesson 3 Summary <ul><li>How do we Use GPS today? </li></ul><ul><li>Military and Government </li></ul><ul><li>Survey and Construction </li></ul>NU100
    • 54. <ul><li>HOW DO WE USE GPS TODAY? </li></ul><ul><li>AVIONICS AND TRANSPORTATION </li></ul><ul><li>LOCATION BASED SERVICES </li></ul>Lesson 4 NU100
    • 55. Avionics <ul><li>All-glass panels integrates flight data and process: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flight </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Navigation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Terrain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Traffic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weather </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engine </li></ul></ul>Lesson 4 Combines flight data on two flat-panel High resolutions LCDs.
    • 56. Avionics <ul><li>Position determination for all phases of flight: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Departure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>En route </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Oceanic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Surface </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Descent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Approach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Landing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Airport surface navigation </li></ul></ul>Lesson 4 Every commercial airplane must file a flight plan with the FAA air traffic control system FAA Link
    • 57. Air Routes <ul><li>Pilots without GPS rely on navigational beacons. Using GPS, aircraft fly most direct routes between airports. </li></ul><ul><li>Fly routes in areas that lack suitable ground-based navigation aids </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced Ground Proximity Warning System (EGPWS) </li></ul><ul><li>Real-Time Flight Tracking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>28,911 arrivals during previous 24 hours </li></ul></ul>Lesson 4 Flight Tracking Link
    • 58. Transportation <ul><li>Patient transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Increase safety, reduce congestion and improve efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor vehicle location, keep transit vehicles on schedule </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile Resource Management (MRM) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GeoManager </li></ul></ul>Lesson 4 Monitor vehicle location MRM Demo Link
    • 59. Rail systems <ul><ul><li>Positive Train Control </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhanced levels of safety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased capacity and efficiency for rail users </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dependable schedule and equipment location awareness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved track, traffic, and train sensor information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased situational awareness </li></ul></ul>Lesson 4 FRA Link
    • 60. In time-definite delivery <ul><li>Fleet Tracking for transport, courier, logistics and services </li></ul><ul><li>Logistical revolution as GPS helps track and forecast the arrival of freight </li></ul>Lesson 4
    • 61. Intelligent Systems <ul><li>RITA leads DOT in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Coordinating research and development programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advancing cross-cutting technologies, including ITS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transportation statistics research, analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Providing education and training in transportation </li></ul></ul>Lesson 4 GPS is an essential element in the future of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) RITA Link
    • 62. Transportation <ul><li>Future Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Vehicle Safety Bubble </li></ul><ul><li>DARPA Challenge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vehicle-Vehicle collaboration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vehicle control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>GNSS, WiFi, radar </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Collision avoidance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Braking, acceleration, lane changes </li></ul></ul></ul>Lesson 4 Alice, built by Sportsmobile, was Caltech’s entry in the 2008 DARPA Challenge DARPA Link
    • 63. Location Based Services <ul><li>Apple’s iPhone uses Google Maps for location-based services, Wi-Fi and GPS tracking </li></ul><ul><li>Customized information based on user location </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Navigating efficiently </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Locating people, places </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online transactions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Points of interest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social networking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Finds blogs based on geographic interests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Locating family, friends, pets </li></ul></ul>Lesson 4 iPhone GPS Link
    • 64. Personal Navigation <ul><li>Personal navigation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transforming our daily lives, from finding our way to the right gate at unfamiliar airports to locating our house keys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marking locations such as where your car is parked prior to heading into a maze of shopping malls </li></ul></ul>Lesson 4 Utilizes latest digital technology SiRF Star III GPS receiver with digital compass
    • 65. LBS-Centric phones <ul><li>Cell phone navigation </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile phones focus on navigational services </li></ul><ul><li>TeleNav GPS Navigator Demo </li></ul>Lesson 4 TeleNav Link
    • 66. Social networking <ul><li>Users share location with their social network </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Devices are small, light-weight and shaped to carry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interface with LBS services remains challenge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Queries pose challenges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Displaying maps on tiny mobile screen is unlikely to be usable by majority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social networking and GPS remembers locations </li></ul></ul>Lesson 4 Users save favorite locations on map, share with friends. POI plotted on site and downloaded to GPS devices
    • 67. Continual access <ul><li>GPS device and entertainer. More car-based PC than GPS unit </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous access to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Navigation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Real-time traffic alerts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High-speed Internet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital music </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Videos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hands-free phone connection </li></ul></ul>Lesson 4
    • 68. Maritime navigation <ul><li>Mariners navigate, measure speed and determine location </li></ul><ul><li>Speed and heading are needed to ensure the vessel reaches its destination </li></ul><ul><li>Harbor navigation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GPS maps harbor shipping including vessel name, heading and direction </li></ul></ul>Lesson 4
    • 69. Maritime mapping <ul><li>Underwater surveying devices </li></ul><ul><li>Underwater surveying, navigational hazard location and mapping </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Analyze data by image & magnification, data recording, playback, GPS location, correct of slant range & altitude and survey area mosaic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Maritime GPS units connected to ship's self-steering gear </li></ul>Lesson 4
    • 70. In-Vehicle Services <ul><li>Car's position, optimum route to given destination and location of gas stations, ATMs and restaurants </li></ul><ul><li>GPS tracks distance travelled and speed, determines arrival time </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated with the automobile security system </li></ul><ul><li>Alert emergency services when airbag deployed </li></ul>Lesson 4
    • 71. Tracking <ul><li>Hikers, pilots, snowmobilers, campers, boaters and hunters track their location and alert contacts in case of emergencies </li></ul><ul><li>Users purchase GPS Satellite Messenger device and subscription </li></ul>Lesson 4 SPOT network transmits user's location and status SPOT Link
    • 72. Recreation <ul><li>Team dynamics and mental strength challenged by GPS navigation across 100-mile course </li></ul><ul><li>Tracklog used to estimate hiking distances and times, shared with others, plotted on maps </li></ul><ul><li>Gliding participants use GPS to compute wind speed aloft, and glide paths to waypoints </li></ul>Lesson 4
    • 73. Gaming <ul><li>Geocaching players hide a &quot;cache&quot; and other players find it using GPS </li></ul><ul><li>Tourality challenges players to reach geographically defined spots </li></ul>Lesson 4
    • 74. <ul><li>Exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Link to: NextGen Initiatives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Watch video: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Next Generation Air Transportation System </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Link to : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LBSzone , GIS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GISuser Videos, More Videos here </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Filter: How to fold a map </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Glenn’s presentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Question </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Which axis do you fold first? </li></ul></ul></ul>Lesson 4 Exercise Lesson 4
    • 75. Lesson 4 Summary <ul><li>How do we Use GPS today? </li></ul><ul><li>Avionics and Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Location Based Services </li></ul>NU100
    • 76. <ul><li>UTILITIES AND COMMUNICATIONS </li></ul><ul><li>SYSTEM DESIGN AND TEST </li></ul><ul><li>FUTURE OF GPS </li></ul>Lesson 5 NU100
    • 77. Utilities <ul><li>GPS Coordinates and Direction </li></ul><ul><li>Compass-GPS Camera </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Acquires coordinates of photo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Direction the camera was pointing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plot photos on a map including arrow showing direction </li></ul></ul>Lesson 5
    • 78. Utilities <ul><li>Digital camera verifies target </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Photo locked with GPS position </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compass measures bearing and distance, stores directions and displays data </li></ul></ul><ul><li>GPS data capture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dangerous or inaccessible locations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety and accuracy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mapping locations where GPS cannot operate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Military and Intelligence Operations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Infrastructure Surveys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Specialized Mapping </li></ul></ul>Lesson 5 IkeGPS Link
    • 79. Indoor Positioning <ul><li>Accuracy of GPS is worst exactly where most users are – dense urban areas with high sky-lines </li></ul><ul><li>Indoor space and urban areas are out of reach of GPS systems </li></ul><ul><li>GPS receivers do not work inside buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative technologies are enabling many kinds of indoor location-aware applications </li></ul>Lesson 5
    • 80. TV-GPS positioning <ul><li>Local Positioning </li></ul><ul><li>Make use of short-range networks such as 802.11, Bluetooth, RFID, ultrasound, UWB, IrDA, or TV radio signals </li></ul><ul><li>Most promising technologies are WLAN fingerprinting, RFID positioning, infrared and ultrasound </li></ul>Lesson 5
    • 81. Timing <ul><li>GPS module for time-accurate data communication between geographically dispersed systems and devices </li></ul><ul><li>Satellite contains multiple atomic clocks that contribute precise time data </li></ul><ul><li>GPS receivers synchronize to atomic clocks </li></ul><ul><li>Users determine time to within 100 billionths of a second </li></ul>Lesson 5
    • 82. Timing synchronization <ul><li>Synchronize to GPS receivers </li></ul><ul><li>Redundant GPS Clock </li></ul><ul><li>Precision timing and frequency synchronization critical for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital broadcasts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Telecommunication networks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Military communication </li></ul></ul>Lesson 5
    • 83. Precision timing <ul><li>Power transmission network connects power plants to multiple substations </li></ul><ul><li>Industries that rely on precision timing for synchronization include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electrical power grids </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Financial networks </li></ul></ul>Lesson 5
    • 84. GPS Industry <ul><li>Market, Technology and Business Factors Driving the Growth of GPS, A-GPS and Hybrid Positioning for Mobile Handset Location </li></ul><ul><li>ABI - Technology Market Research </li></ul><ul><li>Telematics and Navigation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Location Based Services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Navigation and LBS Devices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LBS Value Chain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Location Technologies and Infrastructure </li></ul></ul>Lesson 5 ABI research Link
    • 85. Partnering <ul><li>Designed to appeal to professional drivers </li></ul><ul><li>Tire Maker Goodyear, lends name to line of PNDs </li></ul><ul><li>NCC partners with Goodyear to manufacture and market products to drivers of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Commercial trucks, vans and trailers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RVs and motor homes </li></ul></ul>Lesson 5
    • 86. Leveraging <ul><li>Database of legal/physical restrictions and points of interest provide route that highlights weigh stations, avoids restricted roads </li></ul><ul><li>Vehicle dimensions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Legal restrictions (HazMat) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other warning data (crosswinds) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital Terrain Modeling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple Route Selection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lane Guidance –valid lanes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Curve Speed Warning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Voice recognition for hands-free </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MSN Direct service </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Live traffic information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local weather/news </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nearby gas prices </li></ul></ul>Lesson 5
    • 87. Alliances <ul><li>ASUS and Garmin provide leading-edge products </li></ul><ul><li>Garmin Joins ASUS to Create Mobile Phones </li></ul><ul><li>Design, manufacture, and distribute cobranded mobile-phone </li></ul><ul><li>Garmin-Asus nüvifone and location-based services </li></ul>Lesson 5 Garmin-Asus Link
    • 88. System Design and Test <ul><li>746th Test Squadron </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Department of Defense (DoD) test organization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluates GPS integrated guidance and navigation systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GPS Test Center at Los Angeles Air Force base and is comprised of Army, Navy, and Air Force agencies </li></ul></ul>Lesson 5 Testing of GPS user equipment Holloman AFB Link
    • 89. System Design and Test <ul><li>Full spectrum navigation analysis covering all navigation systems </li></ul><ul><li>Mission designers use AGI technology to model GNSS operations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interference analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accuracy calculations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mitigate risks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce costs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce schedule slips </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure mission success </li></ul></ul></ul>Lesson 5 AGI Link
    • 90. Future of GPS <ul><li>What is future of GPS? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Positioning accuracy to 10 centimeters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Find friends, children, spouse in mall, theater, and stadium </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Track keys, TV remote, wallet, phone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Guided to pre-booked parking space in the car park </li></ul></ul>Lesson 5 Alan Cameron is editor-in-chief of GPS World magazine. GPS World Link
    • 91. <ul><li>Exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Link to: Scientific American </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Read article: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Indoor positioning system technology uses radio, ultrasound or infrared signals to more precisely track locations where GPS signals are blocked </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Link to : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NASA Science News </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Read text or listen to story via streaming audio </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What is NIST-F1? </li></ul></ul></ul>Lesson 5 Exercise Lesson 5
    • 92. Summary <ul><li>Industry review of portable GPS systems </li></ul><ul><li>Walk into store </li></ul><ul><li>Buy GPS receiver </li></ul><ul><li>Plug into navigation </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor movement of people and things </li></ul><ul><li>Vital component in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economy </li></ul></ul>NU100
    • 93. Lesson 5 Summary <ul><li>Utilities & Communications </li></ul><ul><li>System Design and Test </li></ul><ul><li>What does the future of GPS hold for us? </li></ul>NU100
    • 94. Resources <ul><li>DARPA : http://gc.caltech.edu/media/presentations/murray_nsf-09apr07.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Transport/RITA: http://www.rita.dot.gov/about_rita/ </li></ul><ul><li>FAA: http://www.faa.gov/aircraft/ </li></ul><ul><li>FRA: http://www.fra.dot.gov/us/home </li></ul><ul><li>GPS Wing: http://www.losangeles.af.mil/library/factsheets/factsheet.asp?id=5311 </li></ul><ul><li>National Executive Committee (PNT): http://pnt.gov/ </li></ul><ul><li>National Interagency Fire Center: http://www.nifc.gov/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>NASA: http://gpshome.ssc.nasa.gov/content.aspx?s=letter </li></ul><ul><li>National Weather Service: http://www.weather.gov/ </li></ul><ul><li>Schriever AFB GPS Operations Center: http://www.schriever.af.mil/gpsoc/ </li></ul><ul><li>UNAVCO: http://www.unavco.org/unavco.html </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Coast Guard Navigation Center: http://www.navcen.uscg.gov/ </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Geological Survey (USGS): http://www.usgs.gov/ </li></ul>NU100
    • 95. GPS Technology Certification <ul><li>Core Courses </li></ul><ul><li>NU100 Global Positioning System </li></ul><ul><li>NU200 GNSS Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Electives </li></ul><ul><li>NU300 Survey and Construction </li></ul><ul><li>NU310 Military and Government </li></ul><ul><li>NU320 Avionics and Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>NU330 Location-Based Services </li></ul><ul><li>NU340 Mass Market OEM </li></ul><ul><li>NU350 Utilities and Communications </li></ul><ul><li>NU360 System Design and Test </li></ul><ul><li>NU370 Geographic Information Systems </li></ul>NU100 <ul><li>GPS Technology and Applications Certificate benefits: </li></ul><ul><li>Obtain practical skills in technology, science and applications of Global Navigation Satellite Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Learn interdisciplinary skills </li></ul><ul><li>Learn anywhere, anytime with NavU Learning Management System </li></ul><ul><li>Receive recognition for GNSS competency and accomplishments </li></ul>

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