B I R T H  C O N T R O L  O P T I O N S
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B I R T H C O N T R O L O P T I O N S

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B I R T H  C O N T R O L  O P T I O N S B I R T H C O N T R O L O P T I O N S Presentation Transcript

  • BIRTH CONTROL OPTIONS
  • WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT KINDS OF BIRTH CONTROL THAT I COULD USE??
    • CONDOMS
    • DEPO PREVERA
    • DIAPHRAGM
    • FOAM, FILM, SUPPOSITORIES
    • IUD
    • NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING
    • PILL, PATCH, VAGINAL RING
    • STERILIZATION
  • CONDOMS
    • FITS OVER ERECT PENIS AND CATCHES SPERM WHEN THE MAN EJACULATES
    • 98% EFFECTIVE AGAINST PREGNANCY IF USED EVERY TIME AND CORRECTLY
    • 85% EFFECTIVE AGAINST PREGNANCY IF USED MOST OF THE TIME AND NOT ALWAYS CORRECTLY
    • MOST ARE MADE OF LATEX. ALTERNATIVE MATERIALS SUCH AS LAMBSKIN CONDOMS ARE AVAILABLE, BUT ARE MORE EXPENSIVE AND NOT AS EFFECTIVE AGAINST PREGNANCY
    • CONDOMS ARE AVAILABLE AT DRUGSTORES, GROCERY STORES, ON CAMPUS (STUDENT COUNSELING CENTER FOR FREE!)
    • EASY TO USE, EASY TO CARRY IN PURSE, BACKPACK, COAT POCKET. NEVER CARRY A CONDOM IN YOUR WALLET OR BACK POCKET!
    • LATEX CONDOMS ARE THE ONLY FORM OF BIRTH CONTROL THAT PROTECT YOU AGAINST HIV AND STD’S!
    • MUST BE PUT ON DURING SEX, AT THE VERY BEGINNING, BEFORE ANY PENETRATION. PRE-EJACULATE DOES CONTAIN SPERM!
  • DEPO PREVERA
    • A SHOT OF ARTIFICIAL HORMONES GIVEN BY A HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONAL
    • STOPS THE OVARIES FROM RELEASING AN EGG
    • THICKENS THE MUCUS IN CERVIX TO MAKE SPERM ENTERING MORE DIFFICULT
    • OVER 99% EFFECTIVE AGAINST PREGNANCY
    • FEW SERIOUS PROBLEMS FOR MOST WOMEN
    • DOES NOT INTERFERE WITH SEX
    • MAY HAVE WEIGHT CHANGES, MOODINESS, HEADACHES OR DIZZINESS
    • NO PROTECTION AGAINST HIV/STD’S
    • LASTS 3 MONTHS
    • OFTEN DECREASES BLEEDING AND CRAMPING ASSOCIATED WITH PERIODS
    • SAFE TO USE WHILE BREASTFEEDING
    • LESS CHANCE OF ENDOMETRIAL CANCER
    • SHOT ONLY AVAILABLE FROM HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONAL
    • MAY CAUSE HEAVY PERIODS, LIGHT PERIODS, OR NO PERIODS AT ALL
    • MAY NOT BE ABLE TO GET PREGNANT FOR SEVERAL MONTHS AFTER THE SHOTS ARE DISCONTINUED
  • DIAPHRAGM
    • SMALL RUBBER CUP FITS INSIDE VAGINA, OVER THE CERVIX
    • USED WITH CONTRACEPTIVE CREAM OR JELLY THAT KILLS SPERM
    • MUST BE FITTED TO A WOMEN’S BODY BY A HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONAL
    • EFFECTIVE 94% IF USED CAREFULLY EVERY TIME
    • ONLY 84% EFFECTIVE IF NOT USED CAREFULLY EVERY TIME
    • RISKS INCLUDE FEW HEALTH PROBLEMS
    • INCREASED BLADDER INFECTIONS FOR SOME WOMEN
    • VERY SMALL CHANCE OF TSS, TOXIC SHOCK SYNDROME, IN WOMEN
    • CAN BE PUT IN 2 HOURS BEFORE SEX
    • ONLY USED WHEN NEEDED
    • CAN BE DIFFICULT TO PUT IN AND TAKE OUT
    • CAN BE MESSY
    • CREAM/JELLY MAY IRRITATE VAGINA OR PENIS
    • MUST BE LEFT IN FOR 6-8 HOURS AFTER SEX
    • PROVIDES NO PROTECTION AGAINST HIV/STD’S
  • FOAM, FILM, SUPPOSITORIES
    • MADE UP OF CHEMICALS THAT KILL SPERM
    • PUT INTO VAGINA BEFORE SEX
    • EFFECTIVE 85% IF USED EVERY TIME AND CAREFULLY
    • EFFECTIVE 71% IF NOT USED CAREFULLY EVERY TIME
    • AVAILABLE IN MOST DRUGSTORES
    • EASY TO USE, EASY TO CARRY
    • USE ONLY WHEN NEEDED
    • MUST BE PUT IN SHORTLY BEFORE SEX
    • CAN BE MESSY
    • MAY IRRITATE THE PENIS OR VAGINA
    • PROVIDES NO PROTECTION AGAINST HIV AND STD’S
  • IUD
    • SMALL DEVICE PUT INSIDE THE WOMB BY A HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONAL
    • PREVENTS SPERM FROM FERTILIZING THE EGG
    • THICKENS MUCUS IN CERVIX MAKING IT HARD FOR SPERM TO ENTER THE WOMB
    • OVER 99% EFFECTIVE
    • MAY INCREASE THE CHANCE OF PELVIC INFLAMMATORY DISEASE (PID)
    • ALWAYS STAYS IN PLACE, CANNOT MOVE AROUND
    • DOESN’T INTERFERE WITH SEX
    • LASTS 5-10 YEARS
    • MAY CAUSE LIGHT PERIODS OR NO PERIODS AT ALL
    • MAY CAUSE SPOTTING IN BETWEEN PERIODS
    • IF PREGNANCY OCCURS, IUD MUST BE REMOVED
    • SHOULD NOT BE USED BY WOMEN WITH MULTIPLE SEX PARTNERS
    • PROVIDES NO PROTECTION AGAINST HIV AND STD’S
  • NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING/FERTILITY AWARENESS METHOD
    • WOMEN RECOGNIZE AND CALCULATE THEIR FERTILE DAYS
    • CAN USE BARRIER METHOD DURING FERTILE DAYS
    • ABSTAIN FROM SEX DURING FERTILE TIME
    • EFFECTIVE 91-99% IF VERY CAREFUL
    • EFFECTIVE 75% IF NOT VERY CAREFUL EVERYTIME
    • NO USE OF BIRTH CONTROL IS APPROVED BY ALL RELIGIOUS GROUPS
    • LOW COST OR NO COST
    • CAN IMPROVE A COUPLE’S COMMUNICATION, COOPERATION AND SELF-CONTROL
    • HELPFUL WHEN PREPARING TO BECOME PREGNANT
    • MUST CHART BODY TEMPERATURE AND/OR VAGINAL MUCUS DAILY
    • IF PERIODS ARE NOT REGULAR, EFFECTIVENESS IS LOWERED
    • SPECIAL CLASSES MAY BE OFFERED ON HOW TO LEARN METHOD OF CHARTING DAYS AND TEMPERATURE
    • PROVIDES NO PROTECTION AGAINST HIV AND STD’S
  • PILL, PATCH, VAGINAL RING
    • PILLS, SKIN PATCH, OR VAGINAL RING ALL RELEASE ARTIFICIAL HORMONES
    • STOPS OVARIES FROM RELEASING EGG
    • THICKENS MUCUS IN THE CERVIX IN ORDER TO MAKE SPERM ENTERING DIFFICULT
    • MUST BE PRESCRIBED BY A HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONAL
    • EFFECTIVE 99% IF VERY CAREFUL
    • ONLY 92% EFFECTIVE IF NOT VERY CAREFUL
    • POSES FEW SERIOUS HEALTH PROBLEMS FOR YOUNG WOMEN
    • VERY SMALL CHANCE OF BLOOD CLOTS, HEART ATTACKS, AND STROKES
    • MAY CAUSE HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE
    • SIMPLE AND EASY TO USE
    • DOESN’T INTERFERE WITH SEX
    • LIGHTER PERIODS
    • DECREASED RISK OF PELVIC INFLAMMATORY DISEASE WITH THE PILL
    • SOME PILLS CAN REDUCE NUMBER OF PERIODS IN A YEAR
    • MAY CAUSE WEIGHT CHANGE, MOODINESS, SPOTTING
    • NOT IDEAL WHILE BREASTFEEDING
    • MAY NOT BE THE BEST CHOICE FOR WOMEN OVER 35 WHO SMOKE
    • PROVIDES NO PROTECTION AGAINST HIV AND STD’S
  • STERILIZATION
    • SURGICAL OPERATION MAKING IT PERMANENT TO NOT HAVE A BABY
    • BOTH MEN AND WOMEN CAN BE STERILIZED
    • MORE THAN 99% EFFECTIVE
    • SAFER FOR MEN THAN FOR WOMEN
    • SMALL CHANCE OF COMPLICATIONS DURING SURGERY OR INFECTION/BLEEDING AFTER SURGERY
    • TUBAL PREGNANCY COULD OCCUR IF OPERATION DOESN’T WORK
    • NO OTHER METHOD WILL EVER BE NEEDED
    • NO PHYSICAL EFFECT ON SEXUAL DESIRE AND ABILITY
    • IT IS A PERMANENT ACTION. THERE IS NO GOING BACK AND CHANGING YOUR MIND.
    • PROVIDES NO PROTECTION AGAINST HIV AND STD’S.
  • CONTRACEPTION: DID YOU KNOW…
    • CONDOMS ARE THE ONLY FORM OF BIRTH CONTROL, BESIDES ABSTINENCE, THAT PROTECTS AGAINST HIV AND STD’S!
    • A WOMEN WHO HAS SEXUAL INTERCOURSE WITHOUT USING ANY FORM OF CONTRACEPTION HAS AN 85% CHANCE OF BECOMING PREGNANT IN A YEAR.
    • MEN ARE FERTILE FOR AN AVERAGE OF 18,250 DAYS IN THEIR LIFETIME. THIS IS OVER 50 YEARS OF FERTILITY! WOMEN HOWEVER, ARE ONLY FERTILE FROM MENARCHE TO MENAPAUSE. AN AVERAGE OF 36 YEARS!
    • IN THE EARLY 1900’S, DISINFECTANTS WERE ADVERTISED AS CONRACEPTIVE DOUCHES. USED BY MILLIONS OF AMERICAN WOMEN, THIS WAS AN EXTREMELY DANGEROUS AND INEFFECTIVE METHOD.
    • MILLIONS OF SPERM SWIM UP INTO THE CERVICAL MUCUS ALMOST INSTANTLY AFTER EJACULATION. DOUCHING THE VAGINA IS NOT AN EFFECTIVE FORM OF BIRTH CONTROL.
    • AFTER A VASECTOMY, IT TAKES ABOUT A DOZEN EJACULATIONS TO CLEAR OUT SPERM THAT WERE ALREADY BEYOND THE BLOCKED AREA.
  • “ HOW TO CHOOSE A BIRTH CONTROL METHOD THAT IS RIGHT FOR YOU AND YOUR PARTNER…”
    • IS IT IMPORTANT THAT YOU OR YOUR PARTNER DOESN’T GET PREGNANT? WOULD AN ACCIDENTAL PREGNANCY BE HAZORDOUS TO YOUR LIFE RIGHT NOW? IF YOU OR YOUR PARTNER DO GET PREGNANT, ARE YOU GOING TO STAY IN SCHOOL?
    • IS THE METHOD YOU CHOOSE A SAFE ONE? ARE THERE ANY HEALTH CONCERNS THAT WOULD MAKE THIS METHOD RISKY FOR YOU OR YOUR PARTNER TO USE?
    • HOW MUCH DOES THE METHOD YOU’VE CHOSEN COST? WILL YOU AND YOUR PARTNER BE ABLE TO AFFORD IT?
    • HOW DOES YOUR PARTNER FEEL ABOUT BIRTH CONTROL AND THE METHODS THAT YOU CHOOSE? CAN YOU COMMUNICATE ABOUT WHICH METHOD YOU BOTH ARE COMFORTABLE WITH?
    • IS THIS METHOD EASY TO USE? IS IT MESSY? WILL YOU OR YOUR PARTNER BE ABLE TO USE IT CORRECTYLY EVERYTIME YOU HAVE SEX?
    • HOW OFTEN YOU HAVE SEX MAY DETERMINE WHICH METHOD TO USE. DO YOU WANT SOMETHING ALWAYS INSIDE YOUR BODY OR JUST WHEN YOU ARE PLANNING TO HAVE SEX?
  • “ HOW TO CHOOSE A BIRTH CONTROL METHOD THAT IS RIGHT FOR YOU AND YOUR PARTNER…”
    • SHOULD YOU CHOOSE A METHOD THAT PROTECTS AGAINST HIV AND STD’S? ABSOLUTELY. LATEX CONDOMS ARE THE ONLY FORM OF BIRTH CONTROL THAT PROTECT BOTH PARTNERS FROM EXPOSURE TO HIV AND STD’S!
    • HOW DO YOU FEEL ABOUT TOUCHING YOUR BODY AND GENITALS? DOES THE METHOD YOU CHOOSE REQUIRE YOU TO BE COMFORTABLE WITH YOUR BODY IN ORDER TO USE THE METHOD PROPERLY?
    • WILL YOU BE EMBARRASSED ABOUT USING BIRTH CONTROL OR TALKING TO YOUR PARTNER ABOUT WHICH METHOD TO USE? WILL YOU AND YOUR PARTNER BE COMFORTABLE WITH THE METHOD YOU CHOOSE, AND BE ABLE TO USE IT CORRECTLY EVERY TIME YOU HAVE SEX?
    • DO YOU HAVE RELIGIOUS OR MORAL BELIEFS ABOUT USING BIRTH CONTROL? IS THE METHOD YOU CHOOSE ACCEPTABLE BY YOUR RELIGIOUS OR MORAL BACKGROUND AND BELIEFS?
  • WHERE CAN I GO FOR QUESTIONS?
    • STUDENT HEALTH CENTER ON CAMPUS SCREENS FOR MOST STD’S, EXCLUDING HIV
    • PLANNED PARENTHOOD: 812.238.2636
    • TERRE HAUTE HEALTH DEPT: 812.462.3428
    • STUDENT COUNSELING CENTER FOR FREE CONDOMS: 812.237.3939
    • STUDENT HEALTH PROMOTIONS: 812.237.3939 FOR QUESTIONS OR PAMPHLETS ABOUT BIRTH CONTROL METHODS, STD’S, SEX, AND MANY MORE TOPICS! ASK FOR AIMEE!