The possibility of suffering harm or loss;
The variability of returns from an investment.
The chance of nonpayment of a debt.
HOW MANAGEMENT IS
ATTACHED TO IT?
Every business faces risks that could present
threats to its success.
Risk management focuses on identifying
what could go wrong, evaluating which risks
should be dealt with and implementing
strategies to deal with those risks.
Businesses that have identified the risks will
be better prepared and have a more costeffective way of dealing with them.
Employment Practices and
The risk of loss
inadequate or failed
people and systems, or
from external events.
Clients, Products and
Damage to Physical Assets.
Business Disruption and
Execution, Delivery and
Risk due to an
uncertainty in a
ability to meet
• Interbank transactions.
• Market risk
• Forex transactions
• Futures contracts
OTHER KEYS OF SUCCESS
Financial Inclusion is defined as “the process of ensuring access to
appropriate financial products and services needed by vulnerable groups
such as weaker sections and low income groups at an affordable cost in a
fair and transparent manner by mainstream institutional players.” RBI
b. Approach is based on the fundamental principle of 5A’s of ensuring
ii. Availability of financial services to all sections of the society
through the formal financial system covering savings, credit,
remittance, insurance, etc. and, at the same time,
iii. increasing Awareness of such services and
iv. ensuring Affordability and
Accessibility of the appropriate financial products
• through a combination of conventional and alternative delivery channels
and technology enabled services and processes.
WHY FINANCIAL INCLUSION?
a. Out of total 1065 million population, 514 million are
b. Out of 6,00,000 rural habitations across the country,
only 30,000 rural habitations have commercial Bank
c. 60% of the population do not have Bank Accounts and
life insurance cover is less than 10%
d. 51.4% of the farmer households are financially
excluded from both formal and informal sources
e. Out of the total farmer households,
a. 27% access formal sources of credit
b. 73% of the farmer households access funds from informal
sources like local money lenders
CONCEPT RELATED OR
INTERELATED TO EACH
Financial Inclusion – Who are these People?
Underprivileged section in rural and urban areas
like, Farmers, small vendors, etc.
Agricultural and Industrial Labourers
People engaged in un-organised sectors
Physically challenged people
Financial Inclusion – Steps Taken
Setting up of State Bank of India
Nationalisation of banks
Lead Bank Scheme
Service Area Approach
Self Help Groups
Financial Inclusion – Why Have We Failed?
Absence of Technology
High incidence of Illiteracy
Absence of reach and coverage
Not having a Business model
Rich have no compassion for poor