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The elements and principles
of art are guidelines
that help artists create artworks
The Elements of Art
The Principles of Art
You do not need to understand the
elements and principles of art to
appreciate a work of art.
You need the elements and
principles of art to know why
you appreciate a work of art.
This presentation will focus on
these elements and principles:

Pattern
Rhythm
Texture
A pattern is a repetition of one or
more elements.
Pattern has two main functions
in art and design:
To organize or unify an area
or object
To provide visual enrichment
and ...
Every pattern involves the
repeated use of a basic unit.
The unit that
repeats is
called a
motif.
Every pattern involves the
repeated use of a basic unit.
There are two
motifs present
in this design.
One is
repeated thre...
Every pattern involves the
repeated use of a basic unit.
The other motif
is repeated four
times.
A module is a
three-dimensional motif.
Each book in
this sculpture is
a module.
The modules
create a pattern.
Most visual
patterns are
planned.
A planned pattern is a
precise, regular
repetition of motifs.
The simplest pattern is
ac...
A grid pattern is formed by intersecting
vertical and horizontal lines or shapes.
A grid pattern
is formed by
intersecting
vertical and
horizontal lines
or shapes.
An overall grid
pattern
provides equal
e...
Grid patterns are not limited to
left and right or up and down
Designs made simply of linear or
grid patterns can be rigid or
monotonous.
To make a more complicated or interesting
desig...
A half-drop
design lowers
each row half
the height of
the row above
it.
A half-drop design
creates a pattern
that seems to...
Alternating patterns
are similar to
half-drop designs,
but are much less
rigid.
Alternating patterns are
not limited to eq...
Radial Patterns
are based on a
branching out
from a central
point.
Radial patterns are
generally active and
structurally s...
Random patterns are created by chance
and without organization.

The lack of a rigid plan often
contributes a feeling of
w...
Borders and bands are used to emphasize
the edge of a form or to highlight a particular
area.

Borders and bands can make ...
Borders and bands are used to emphasize the
edge of a form or to highlight a particular area.

They can also lend elegance...
Visual Rhythm is the arrangement of
elements to shows movement.

Elements are combined to create a series of regular
pause...
Types of Rhythm
Regular Rhythm –
creates a repeated
pattern that is
both predictable
and continuous.
Types of Rhythm
Flowing Rhythm –
produces
compositional
movement along a
definite path.
This motion creates a
flowing rhyt...
Types of Rhythm
Alternating
Rhythm - has
two or more
different
motifs that
repeat
regularly.
Types of Rhythm
Progressive Rhythm –
when a rhythm changes
in a predictable or regular way.
Types of Rhythm
Unexpected Rhythm - has motifs or modules
which repeat in no apparent order.
Texture is the physical surface
structure
of a material.

Real Textures are those that can actually be
touched. Real textu...
Texture is the physical surface
structure of a material.
Implied Textures
are those that are
simulated or
invented. Implie...
Textures in artworks often provide visual interest
– even when they cannot be touched.

Texture is essential in paintings ...
Invented textures can be used to enhance
abstract and nonrepresentational art.
In such works, texture can suggest certain
...
Textures and textural contrast can also function
as organizational devices: they may unify an area
or create patterns and ...
Gustav Klimt &
the Art Nouveau
Movement
Art Nouveau
(French for 'new art') is an
international style of

art,architecture and design that
peaked in popularity at ...
Art Nouveau
The name 'Art Nouveau' derived from the name of a
shop in Paris, Maison de l'Art Nouveau. The style
was not an...
The work of the Austrian painter and
illustrator Gustav Klimt, b. July 14,
1862, d. Feb. 6, 1918, founder of the
school of...
Pattern Rhythm and Texture and Gustav Klimt
Pattern Rhythm and Texture and Gustav Klimt
Pattern Rhythm and Texture and Gustav Klimt
Pattern Rhythm and Texture and Gustav Klimt
Pattern Rhythm and Texture and Gustav Klimt
Pattern Rhythm and Texture and Gustav Klimt
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Pattern Rhythm and Texture and Gustav Klimt

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Focus on the element of texture and principles of rhythm and pattern
Overview of the artist Gustav Klimt and the Art Nouveau movement

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Transcript of "Pattern Rhythm and Texture and Gustav Klimt"

  1. 1. The elements and principles of art are guidelines that help artists create artworks
  2. 2. The Elements of Art
  3. 3. The Principles of Art
  4. 4. You do not need to understand the elements and principles of art to appreciate a work of art.
  5. 5. You need the elements and principles of art to know why you appreciate a work of art.
  6. 6. This presentation will focus on these elements and principles: Pattern Rhythm Texture
  7. 7. A pattern is a repetition of one or more elements.
  8. 8. Pattern has two main functions in art and design: To organize or unify an area or object To provide visual enrichment and interest
  9. 9. Every pattern involves the repeated use of a basic unit. The unit that repeats is called a motif.
  10. 10. Every pattern involves the repeated use of a basic unit. There are two motifs present in this design. One is repeated three times.
  11. 11. Every pattern involves the repeated use of a basic unit. The other motif is repeated four times.
  12. 12. A module is a three-dimensional motif. Each book in this sculpture is a module. The modules create a pattern.
  13. 13. Most visual patterns are planned. A planned pattern is a precise, regular repetition of motifs. The simplest pattern is achieved by repeating a motif in a single row or along several similar rows or columns.
  14. 14. A grid pattern is formed by intersecting vertical and horizontal lines or shapes.
  15. 15. A grid pattern is formed by intersecting vertical and horizontal lines or shapes. An overall grid pattern provides equal emphasis throughout a design.
  16. 16. Grid patterns are not limited to left and right or up and down
  17. 17. Designs made simply of linear or grid patterns can be rigid or monotonous. To make a more complicated or interesting design the placement of motifs within a pattern may be manipulated. Ways to do this include using Half-Drop, Alternating, Radial or Random patterns.
  18. 18. A half-drop design lowers each row half the height of the row above it. A half-drop design creates a pattern that seems to have a wavy movement.
  19. 19. Alternating patterns are similar to half-drop designs, but are much less rigid. Alternating patterns are not limited to equal spacing or motifs, but are planned and organized logically & consistently.
  20. 20. Radial Patterns are based on a branching out from a central point. Radial patterns are generally active and structurally strong. They speed up our eye movement as we follow the motifs in, out and around the pattern.
  21. 21. Random patterns are created by chance and without organization. The lack of a rigid plan often contributes a feeling of wildness or energy to a design.
  22. 22. Borders and bands are used to emphasize the edge of a form or to highlight a particular area. Borders and bands can make a composition visually stronger. They may add a color, shape, or texture that adds contrast and increase interest.
  23. 23. Borders and bands are used to emphasize the edge of a form or to highlight a particular area. They can also lend elegance and individuality to a design.
  24. 24. Visual Rhythm is the arrangement of elements to shows movement. Elements are combined to create a series of regular pauses for the viewer’s eyes, creating a rhythm. Compositional movement is the path a viewer’s gaze is directed due to the arrangement of elements in an artwork.
  25. 25. Types of Rhythm Regular Rhythm – creates a repeated pattern that is both predictable and continuous.
  26. 26. Types of Rhythm Flowing Rhythm – produces compositional movement along a definite path. This motion creates a flowing rhythm that is continuous, without sudden change in direction.
  27. 27. Types of Rhythm Alternating Rhythm - has two or more different motifs that repeat regularly.
  28. 28. Types of Rhythm Progressive Rhythm – when a rhythm changes in a predictable or regular way.
  29. 29. Types of Rhythm Unexpected Rhythm - has motifs or modules which repeat in no apparent order.
  30. 30. Texture is the physical surface structure of a material. Real Textures are those that can actually be touched. Real textures offer both look and feel.
  31. 31. Texture is the physical surface structure of a material. Implied Textures are those that are simulated or invented. Implied textures provide only the appearance of texture.
  32. 32. Textures in artworks often provide visual interest – even when they cannot be touched. Texture is essential in paintings and drawings to portray objects realistically.
  33. 33. Invented textures can be used to enhance abstract and nonrepresentational art. In such works, texture can suggest certain feelings and moods.
  34. 34. Textures and textural contrast can also function as organizational devices: they may unify an area or create patterns and movement within a composition.
  35. 35. Gustav Klimt & the Art Nouveau Movement
  36. 36. Art Nouveau (French for 'new art') is an international style of art,architecture and design that peaked in popularity at the beginning of the 20th century (1880-1914) and is characterized by highly-stylized, flowing, curvilinear designs often incorporating floral and other plant-inspired motifs. Medicine (Hygieia) 1900 – 07 430 x 300 cm, Oil on canvas
  37. 37. Art Nouveau The name 'Art Nouveau' derived from the name of a shop in Paris, Maison de l'Art Nouveau. The style was not an immediate success in Paris but rapidly spread to Belgium In the United Kingdom Art Nouveau developed out of the Arts and Crafts Movement. In Vienna, Austria Gustav Klimt emerged as one of the most well known Art Nouveau artists
  38. 38. The work of the Austrian painter and illustrator Gustav Klimt, b. July 14, 1862, d. Feb. 6, 1918, founder of the school of painting known as the Vienna Secession, embodies the highkeyed erotic, psychological, and aesthetic preoccupations of turn-of-the-century Vienna's dazzling intellectual world. He has been called the leading proponent of ART NOUVEAU.
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