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Increasing the outreach of information to farmers in Nigeria: The Nigeria agricultural question and answer service (NAQAS) approachmers in nigeria
Increasing the outreach of information to farmers in Nigeria: The Nigeria agricultural question and answer service (NAQAS) approachmers in nigeria
Increasing the outreach of information to farmers in Nigeria: The Nigeria agricultural question and answer service (NAQAS) approachmers in nigeria
Increasing the outreach of information to farmers in Nigeria: The Nigeria agricultural question and answer service (NAQAS) approachmers in nigeria
Increasing the outreach of information to farmers in Nigeria: The Nigeria agricultural question and answer service (NAQAS) approachmers in nigeria
Increasing the outreach of information to farmers in Nigeria: The Nigeria agricultural question and answer service (NAQAS) approachmers in nigeria
Increasing the outreach of information to farmers in Nigeria: The Nigeria agricultural question and answer service (NAQAS) approachmers in nigeria
Increasing the outreach of information to farmers in Nigeria: The Nigeria agricultural question and answer service (NAQAS) approachmers in nigeria
Increasing the outreach of information to farmers in Nigeria: The Nigeria agricultural question and answer service (NAQAS) approachmers in nigeria
Increasing the outreach of information to farmers in Nigeria: The Nigeria agricultural question and answer service (NAQAS) approachmers in nigeria
Increasing the outreach of information to farmers in Nigeria: The Nigeria agricultural question and answer service (NAQAS) approachmers in nigeria
Increasing the outreach of information to farmers in Nigeria: The Nigeria agricultural question and answer service (NAQAS) approachmers in nigeria
Increasing the outreach of information to farmers in Nigeria: The Nigeria agricultural question and answer service (NAQAS) approachmers in nigeria
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Increasing the outreach of information to farmers in Nigeria: The Nigeria agricultural question and answer service (NAQAS) approachmers in nigeria

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Bashir sani

Bashir sani

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  • 1. Increasing the outreach of information to farmers in Nigeria: The Nigeria Agricultural Question & Answer Service (NAQAS) Approach Bashir M. Sani National Agricultural Extension & Research Liaison Services, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
  • 2. Introduction
    • Agriculture plays an important role in Nigeria
    • Increasing agricultural productivity is a key challenge
    • Adequate/relevant information is a key requirement for increased productivity
    • Agricultural extension/advisory services provide access to knowledge and information
    • Technical Centre for Agricultural & Rural Cooperation (CTA), established a Question and Answer Service (QAS) to provide targeted information on demand
  • 3.
    • Nigeria Agricultural Question and Answer Service (NAQAS) domiciled within National Agricultural Extension & Research Liaison Services (NAERLS) was set up in year 2000
    • Users have been mainly students, researchers and lecturers
    • Farmers were the least beneficiaries
    • Service was office based and ‘on demand’
    • Need to develop a strategy to get across to farmers
  • 4. Methodology
    • Complementary usage of the existing extension structures of NAERLS and NAQAS partners
    • Partners operate within the Research Extension Farmer Input Linkage System (REFILS).
    • Structure and mechanism for collaboration in technology generation, adaptation, dissemination and utilization with clear roles and responsibilities for all
  • 5.
    • The major actors and partners in REFILS include:
    • Agricultural Development Projects (ADPs) in all states of the federation (responsible for grass root extension)
    • The National Agricultural Research System (technology generation)
    • The private sector.
    • The REFILS also includes the government for policy
    • NAERLS is a member of REFILS responsible for extension specialist support to the ADPs.
  • 6.
    • Selection of farmer groups/communities
    • A total of 23 farmer groups located across Nigeria were involved in the activity.
    • Criteria was based on the following:
    • NARIs (incl. NAERLS) – 15 adopted villages (villages selected by research institutes for the purpose of developing and evaluating technologies) as follows:
    • NAERLS 8 (Hqs and 5 Zonal Offices nationwide)
    • Other NARIs 7 (1 fisheries, 2 livestock, 4 crops)
    • ADPs – 8 communities (across agro-ecological zones of Nigeria
    • Each unit of operation was supported with $66/month
  • 7. The information delivery/question generation process
    • Use of extension agents as facilitators in ADP selected communities
    • Use of Adopted villages extension staff as facilitators in NARI selected communities
    • Mobile phones (request visits from the extension agent; questions via text messages)
    • Radio programmes based on FAQs
  • 8.  
  • 9. RESULTS
    • During the activity period 2003-2008, the proportion of farmers that used the service was very negligible compared to other categories of users
    • As a result of the approach which allowed direct access to farmers, this figure rose significantly and was higher than any other category
  • 10. Results of the approach
  • 11. Chart showing proportion of farmers out of the total that used the Q&A Service
  • 12. Conclusion, recommendations and implications
    • Based on the result of the approach used, more farmers utilised the QAS
    • It is therefore recommended that where such structures exist, (e.g. REFILS) it would be advantageous to use them to achieve a wider reach of extension and advisory services to farmers
    • The implication is that specialized services like the Question and Answer Service can deliver information and advisory services direct to farmers through already existing and functional structures, complementing and strengthening the structures
  • 13. Thank you

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