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7. nodes of growth csi 2010

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7. nodes of growth csi 2010

  1. 1. Andrew Farrow DAPA, CIAT-Africa [email_address] 8 th June 2010 Nodes of Growth: improving legume seed networks in Kenya www.ciat.cgiar.org Eco-Efficient Agriculture for the Poor
  2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>Increase the availability and awareness of affordable improved bean seeds to previously excluded small-holder farmers in two districts in Kenya </li></ul><ul><li>Prove the methodology for wider-scale deployment in Kenya and Ethiopia and for other legume crops </li></ul>
  3. 3. Nodes of Growth target districts Kirinyaga Makueni (Nzaui)
  4. 4. Partners Small-holder bean producers in target districts Intermediate/secondary stakeholders, located near or in the target districts National level target institutions in Kenya International level target institutions Small-holder legume producers not in target districts
  5. 5. Partners Catholic Diocese of Kisumu CARD Nangina 1&2 AEP Catholic Diocese of Homa Bay Self Help Development International Kenya Methodist church in Kenya- Nyambene Synod Caritas Muranga (Catholic Diocese) MoA Dryland Seed Ltd.
  6. 6. Methodology <ul><li>Geographical analysis of existing seed outlets </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendation of new distribution points </li></ul><ul><li>Dissemination of ‘location-based’ information on seed outlets </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment of mobile devices in supporting awareness of improved seed distributors and receipt of reciprocal performance information </li></ul>
  7. 7. Analysis of existing seed outlets
  8. 8. Recommendations for new outlets Mapping Location-Allocation Modelling <ul><li>Greedy Add Heuristic </li></ul><ul><li>Maximal Coverage Problem </li></ul><ul><li>Arc Macro Language </li></ul><ul><li>Accessibility Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Data Quality Assessment </li></ul>Mapping Results Location-Allocation Modelling Mapping
  9. 9. Dissemination of seed outlet locations
  10. 10. Dissemination of seed outlet locations 2009 = Drought Few seeds available No dissemination possible Extra mapping in western Kenya
  11. 11. Mobile Phone Platform <ul><li>Feasibility study conducted by Grameen Foundation’s Applab </li></ul><ul><li>Three main issues: inclusivity, sustainability, and effectiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Desk research and a field component in western Kenya with TL2 partners </li></ul>
  12. 13. Mobile Phone Platform: inclusivity <ul><li>Some evidence for exclusion due to insufficient access to mobile phones </li></ul><ul><li>Phone ownership is at the range of 35% </li></ul><ul><li>For every 10 phones seven are owned by men and only three by women </li></ul><ul><li>Older and cheaper handsets, which are common in the study area, limit the types of information services that can be considered </li></ul>
  13. 15. Mobile Phone Platform: sustainability <ul><li>Sustainability depends on: </li></ul><ul><li>Incentives for information collection by intermediaries and end users </li></ul><ul><li>Business model and revenue generation approach used </li></ul><ul><li>Models depend substantially on the information that is communicated and the number of users </li></ul>
  14. 17. Mobile Phone Platform: effectiveness <ul><li>Existing technology is sufficient to effectively transmit and receive bean-related information </li></ul><ul><li>Effectiveness would be increased if GPS-enabled or other ‘smart’ phones were more widely available although this might have unintended negative effects on inclusivity </li></ul>
  15. 19. Future of Nodes of Growth <ul><li>KARI given a bigger role in Kenya </li></ul><ul><li>Follow impact pathway </li></ul><ul><li>Extend to other legumes and countries </li></ul><ul><li>Possibilities exist within TL2 phase 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Off-line mapping with On-line updates </li></ul>

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