Simple PastWe use Simple Past to talk about an action completed in the past at a definite time. He received a letter.
They watch television every evening. (present simple)They watched television yesterday evening. (past simple) I / you / we / they Verb + ed he / she / it
The past simple is often - ed (regular verbs) EXAMPLES: work worked arrive arrived stay stayed start started clean cleaned dance danced
INFINITIVE PAST SIMPLE PAST PARTICIPLE SAVE SAVED SAVED SAIL SAILED SAILED ARRIVE ARRIVED ARRIVED USE USED USED INVITE INVITED INVITED LIKE LIKED LIKED ADD ADDED ADDED WANT WANTED WANTED SUBJECT + PAST SIMPLE I SAVED YOU SAILED HE ARRIVED SHE USED IT INVITED WE LIKED YOU ADDED THEY WANTED
Past Simple Positive + I worked he she work ed it we you worked they
We use DID as the helping verb in negativesentences and questions.I playWe startYou watchThey did not haveHe (didn’t) seeShe readIt go
The negative is formed with did + not and the infinitive:I didn’t (did + not) drink waterYou didn’t (did + not) drink waterHe/She/It didn’t (did + not) drink waterWe didn’t (did + not) drink waterThey didn’t (did + not) drink water
Past Simple Negative - I didn’t work he she didn’t work it we you didn’t work they
INFINITIVE PAST SIMPLE PAST PARTICIPLE DISCOVER DISCOVERED DISCOVERED TIDY UP TIDIED UP TIDIED UP CLIMB CLIMBED CLIMBED START STARTED STARTED CALL CALLED CALLED WATCH WATCHED WATCHED ASK ASKED ASKED LOVE LOVED LOVED SUBJECT + DIDN´T + I INFINITIVE DIDN´T DISCOVER YOU DIDN´T TIDY UP HE DIDN´T CLIMB SHE DIDN´T START IT DIDN´T CALL DIDN´T WATCH WE DIDN´T ASK YOU THEY DIDN´T LOVE
For QUESTIONS we use: Did + subject + verb ? OR Wh- + did + subject + verb?Examples:Did you sell your car?Did you speak to your friend yesterday?Did she write a letter last night?Where did you go last week?
The interrogative is formed with did + infinitive: Yes/No QuestionsDid I have a good time?Did You have a good time?Did He/She/It have a good time?Did We have a good time?Did They have a good time?
Wh QuestionsWhere did I go?What did You do?How did He/She/It go?Whydid We go?When did They go?
Past Simple ? did I work ? hedid she work ? it we did you work? they
INFINITIVE PAST SIMPLE PAST PARTICIPLE PLACE PLACED PLACED COOK COOKED COOKED STAY STAYED STAYED MIX MIXED MIXED SAVE SAVED SAVED PHONE PHONED PHONED CONTROL CONTROLLED CONTROLLED LOOK LOOKED LOOKED ?DID + SUBJECT + INFINITIVE I PLACE ? DID DID YOU COOK ? DID HE STAY ? DID SHE MIX ? DID IT SAVE ? DID WE PHONE ? DID YOU CONTROL ? DID THEY LOOK ?
Short AnswersYes, I did.No, I didn’t. (did + not)Yes, He/She/It did.No, He/She/It didn’t. (did + not)Yes, we did.No, we didn’t. (did + not)
SHORT ANSWERS: Yes, I / we / you / they did. he / she / it I / we / you / they No, he / she / it didn’t.
Past Simple + ? -I work ed did I work? I didn’t workhe he heshe worked did she work? she didn’t workit it itwe we weyou work ed did you work? you didn’t workthey they they
SPELLING:1. Regular verbs ending in - e we add - d.2. If the verb ends in a -y we drop off the -yand add -ied.try tried study studied3. If the regular verb ends in a consonant + vowel +consonant we double the last consonant.stop stopped plan planned
It’s formed with the infinitive + -ed How to make SimpleVerb ending in... Example Past Live – Lived e Add -d Date - dated Try – triedConsonant + y Change y to i + -ed Cry - cried Double the Tap – tapped C+V+C consonant then add -ed Stop - stopped Boil – boiledAnything else Add -ed Fill - filled
This morning I _______ my teeth. 2. We __________ the party. Clean b. Cleaned c. Cleant a. enjoyed b. enjoy c. enjoys3. Jane _______ to the cinema. 4. We ________ at a restaurant.a. go b. goed c. went a. ated b. ate c. eat
Time Expressions• Yesterday Last• Yesterday Last night• Yesterday evening Last week• Yesterday afternoon Last month• Yesterday morning Last year Ago Five months ago Two years ago Seven days ago A week ago
Som ev e rb sa re i r re gul a r. –e d. w ith nd Te o NO sd everbTh es
Now do your exercises to improve what you’ve learn! Have a nice class!