THE PAST SIMPLE TENSE USEThe Past Simple is used:1. to talk about actions or situations completed at a definite time in pastI visited Berlin last week.Andrew watched TV yesterday.2. even when the exact time when the eventhappened is not mentioned , but it is clear that theaction is finished.I bought these shoes in London.
In English there are REGULAR VERBS and IRREGULAR VERBS For REGULAR VERBS add –ed to the verb I workED for ten hours yesterday.
SIGNAL WORD FOR THE PAST SIMPLE•YESTERDAY•3/4/5 DAYS AGO•3/4/5 MONTHS AGO•LAST MONTH•LAST YEAR•IN 1995
TO BEsingular pluralI was We wereYou were You wereHe/she/it was They were QUESTIONSsingular pluralWas I? Were we?Were you? Were you?Was he/she/it? Were they? POSITIVE NEGATIVESingular plural Singular pluralYes, I was Yes, we were No, I was No, we were not/wasn’t not/weren’tYes, you Yes, you No, you were No, youwere were not/weren’t were not/weren’tYes, he/she Yes, they No, he/she/it No, theyit was were was were not/wasn’t not/weren’t
THE PAST SIMPLE TENSE FORMsingular pluralI worked We workedYou worked You workedHe/she/it worked They worked
QUESTIONSsingular pluralDid I workED? Did we workED?Did you workED? Did you workED?Did he/she/it workED? Did they workED?* We use DID, the Past Simple form of DO, to make questions.•ED is not added to the verb because DID already marks that we aretalking about Past Simple
POSITIVE ANSWERSsingular pluralYes , I did Yes, we didYes, you did Yes, you didYes, he/she/it did Yes, they did
NEGATIVE ANSWERSsingular pluralNo, I did not/didn’t work No, we did not/didn’tNo, you did not/didn’t No, you did not/didn’tNo, he/she/it did not/didn’t No, they did not/didn’t•You can say : No, I didn’t. orNo, I didn’t workED for 10 hours yesterday.
SPELLING RULESVerb ending -ed formCONSONANTS + echange changeDCONSONANTS + Y Delete -y, add -iedstudy studiedVOWEL +Y No changeplay playedSHORT VOWEL + Double the consonantCONSONANT/tap tappedstop stopped
THE PAST SIMPLE TENSE WITH IRREGULARVERBSIRREGULAR VERBS have different forms for The PastSimple which we have to learn.I went home at 10.Infinitive Past Simple *past participleGo wentwent goneDo did done * Form of the verb which we will need for some tenses (Present Perfect, Past Perfect)
THE PAST SIMPLE TENSE WITH IRREGULAR VERBS questions positive answer negative answer Did Yes, I /you/he/we / No, I /you/he/we / I/you/he/we/they they did. they did not / didn’t. went go?