Examples Examples Examples Tense Signal words Use Form affirmative negative interrogative something happens I work. I dont work. Do I work? every day repeatedly how often He works. He doesnt work. Does he work? sometimes Simple something happens I go. I dont go. Do I go? always Present one action follows often infinitive or another things in general usually he/she/it+s Present after the following verbs (to seldom He goes. He doesnt go. Does he go? Simple love, to hate, to think, etc.) never future meaning: timetables, first ... then programmes Now something is Im working. Im not working. Am I working? happening at the Hes working. He isnt working. Is he working? Present at the moment same time of speaking orProgressive or to be (am/are/is)+ Im going. Im not going. Am I going? around it future meaning: Present infinitive + ing Look! when you have already Continuous Hes going. He isnt going. Is he going? decided and arranged to Listen! do it (a fixed plan, date) action took place in regular: I worked. I didnt work. Did I work? Simple last ... the past, mostly infinitive + ed Past He worked. He didnt work. Did he work? ... ago connected with an irregular: or I went. I didnt go. Did I go? in 1990 expression of time (no 2nd column of Past yesterday connection to the table Simple He went. He didnt go. Did he go? present) of irregular verbs an action happened in I was working. I wasnt working. Was I working? the middle of another Past He was working. He wasnt working. Was he working? action someone was doingProgressive or was/were + I was going. I wasnt going. Was I going? while sth. at a certain time (in the Past infinitive + ing past) - you do not know Continuous whether it was finished or He was going. He wasnt going. Was he going? not I have been I havent been Have I been Present action began in the working. working. working? all day Perfect past and has just He has been He hasnt been Has he been the whole day have/has + beenProgressive or stopped how long the working. working. working? how long + Present action has been happening I have been I havent been Have I been since infinitive + ing Perfect emphasis: length of going. going. going? for Continuous time of an action He has been He hasnt been Has he been going. going. going?
Examples Examples Examples Tense Signal words Use Form affirmative negative interrogative just you say that sth. Have I I have worked. I havent worked. yet Has happened or is worked? Simple never finished in the past have/has + past Has he He has worked. He hasnt worked. Present ever and it has a participle* worked? Perfect already connection to the *(infinitive+ed) or I have gone. I havent gone. Have I gone? or so far, present action (3rd column of Present up to now, started in the table of irregular Perfect since past and continues verbs) He has gone. He hasnt gone. Has he gone? for up recently to the present mostly when two Had I I had worked. I hadnt worked. actions in a story are worked? Simple related to each Had he had + past He had worked. He hadnt worked. Past other: the action worked? participle* Perfect already which had I had gone. I hadnt gone. Had I gone? *(infinitive + -ed) or or just already happened is (3rd column of Past never put into Past Perfect, table of irregular Perfect the other action into verbs) He had gone. He hadnt gone. Had he gone? (Simple) Simple Past the past of the Present Perfect I had beenPast Perfect how long something I hadnt been working. Had I been working? working.Progressive how long had been happening He had been He hadnt been had + been + Had he been working? or since before something working. working. infinitive + ingPast Perfect for else I had been going. I hadnt been going. Had I been going?Continuous happened He had been going. He hadnt been going. Had he been going? predictions about the Ill work. I wont work. Will I work? future (you think that Hell work. He wont work. Will he work? sth. will happen) you decide to do sth. Ill go. I wont go. Will I go? spontaneously at thewill – future time of speaking, will + infinitive you havent made a Hell go. He wont go. Will he go? decision before main clause in type I of the if clauses
Examples Examples Examples Tense Signal words Use Form affirmative negative Interrogative Im not going to Am I going to Im going to work. when you have work. work? already decided to be (am/are/is) Hes not going to Is he going to Hes going to work. going to – future do sth. in the future +going to + work. work? what you think what infinitive Im going to go. Im not going to go. Am I going to go? will happen Hes not going to Hes going to go. Is he going to go? go. An action will be in Ill be working. I wont be working. Will I be working? progress at a certain He wont be time in the future. Hell be working. Will he be working? working.Future Progressive This action has Ill be going. I wont be going. Will I be going? will + be + or begun before the infinitive+ingFuture Continuous certain time. Something Hell be going. He wont be going. Will he be going? happens because it normally happens I wont have Will I have Ill have worked. Simple will + have+past worked. worked? sth. Will already Future participle* He wont have Will he have have happened Hell have worked. Perfect *(infinitive+ed) or worked. worked? before a or (3rd column of Will I have certain time in the Ill have gone. I wont have gone. Future Perfect table of irregular gone? future Simple verbs) He wont have Will he have Hell have gone. gone. gone? Ill have been I wont have been Will I have been Future sth. will already have working. working. working? Perfect happened before a Hell have been He wont have been Will he have been Progressive or certain time in the will + have + been working. working. working? Future future + infinitive + ing Ill have been I wont have been Will I have been Perfect emphasis: length going. going. working? Continuous of time of an action Hell have been He wont have been Will he have been going. going. working? I wouldnt sth. that might I would work. Would I work? work. happen He would work. He wouldnt work. Would he work?Conditional Simple would + infinitive main clause in type II I would go. I wouldnt go. Would I go? of the if-clauses He would go. He wouldnt go. Would he go?
Examples Examples Examples Tense Signal words Use Form affirmative negative interrogative I wouldnt be Would I be I would be working. working. working? Conditional sth. that might He would be He wouldnt be Would he be Progressive happen would + be + working. working. working? or emphasis: length infinitive + ing Would I be Conditional I would be going. I wouldnt be going. of time of an action going? Continuous He wouldnt be Would he be He would be going. going. going? I would have I wouldnt have Would I have sth. that might have would + have + worked. worked. worked? happened in the past past participle* He would have He wouldnt have Would he (Its too late now.) *(infinitive + -ed) or worked. worked. Have worked?Conditional Perfect main clause in type (3rd column of I wouldnt have Would I have I would have gone III table of irregular gone. gone? of the if clauses verbs) He would have He wouldnt have Would I have gone. gone. gone? I would have been I wouldnt have Would I have working. been working. been working?Conditional Perfect sth. that might have Would he He would He wouldnt have Progressive happened in the past have been would + have + have been going. been going. or (Its too late now.) working? been + infinitive + Conditional emphasis: length I would have been I wouldnt have Would I have ing Perfect of going. been going. been going? Continuous time of an action Would he He would have He wouldnt have have been been going. been going. going?