The simple-past-tense


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The simple-past-tense

  1. 1. The Simple Past Tense Yesterday, I went for a swim. RVA
  2. 2. Affirmative : S + V- ed + C The past tense of regular verbs is formed by adding – d or – ed to the base form of the verb. SIMPLE PAST TENSE: REGULAR VERBS I work ed hard last weekend.
  3. 3. SIMPLE PAST TENSE: IRREGULAR VERBS <ul><li>Affirmative : </li></ul><ul><li>Irregular past verb forms must be learned because they don’t follow any rule: </li></ul><ul><li>go went </li></ul><ul><li>come came </li></ul><ul><li>buy bought </li></ul><ul><li>drink drank </li></ul><ul><li>eat ate </li></ul><ul><li>find found </li></ul><ul><li>see saw </li></ul>I went to Paris last July.
  4. 4. PAST SIMPLE TENSE: REGULAR and IRREGULAR VERBS Negative : We use did not or didn’t + a base form verb to make the past simple tense negative. I didn’t live in a flat during my last Summer holidays. I didn’t go to Berlin last July.
  5. 5. <ul><li>Interrogative : </li></ul><ul><li>We use did + subject + a base form verb to make the past simple interrogative. </li></ul><ul><li>Did you play sport last Summer? </li></ul>Did you travel by boat last holidays? Yes, I did . Did you see any dolphins? No, I didn’t . PAST SIMPLE TENSE: REGULAR and IRREGULAR VERBS
  6. 6. No,they didn't. Yes , they did. Did they work? They didn't work. They work ed . Did you work? You didn't work. You work ed . No, we didn't. Yes , we did. Did we work? We didn't work. We work ed . No, it didn't. Yes, it did. Did it work? It didn't work. It work ed . No, she didn't. Yes, she did. Did she work? She didn't work. She work ed . No, he didn't. Yes, he did. Did he work ? He didn't work. He work ed . No, I didn't. Yes, I did. Did I work? I didn't work. I work ed . Short answer Short answer Questions Regular verbs Negative Past simple tense: Affirmative
  7. 7. TO BE <ul><li>It is the only verb whose form varies according to person and number: </li></ul><ul><li>Affirmative : I was </li></ul><ul><li>You were </li></ul><ul><li> He / She / It was </li></ul><ul><li> We / You / They were </li></ul><ul><li>I was in Madrid yesterday. </li></ul>
  8. 8. TO BE <ul><li>Negative : I wasn’t </li></ul><ul><li> You weren’t </li></ul><ul><li> He / She / It wasn’t </li></ul><ul><li> We / You / They weren’t </li></ul><ul><li>My parents weren’t in Madrid yesterday. </li></ul>
  9. 9. TO BE <ul><li>Interrogative : Was I … ? </li></ul><ul><li> Were you … ? </li></ul><ul><li> Was he / she / it … ? </li></ul><ul><li> Were we / you / they … ? </li></ul><ul><li>Were you in London last year? Yes, I was . </li></ul><ul><li>Was Peter in London last year? No, he wasn’t . </li></ul>
  10. 10. 1.T o talk about actions that happened at a specific time in the past. You state when it happened using a time adver b ( yesterday, last month ): “ Last year I fail ed my exams” . 2. It can be used to describe events that happened over a period of time in the past but not now : &quot;I liv ed in Asia for two years.&quot; 3. It is also used to talk about habitual or repeated actions that took place in the past : &quot; When I was a child we always went to the beach on holidays.&quot; The Simple Past Tense is used:
  11. 11. <ul><li>Time expressions : </li></ul><ul><li>yesterday, last month, last year, last time, </li></ul><ul><li>… ago. </li></ul>The Simple Past Tense My friends travell ed to Saudi Arabia two years ago.
  12. 12. SPELLING RULES FOR SIMPLE PAST TENSE OF REGULAR VERBS <ul><li>a.) If the verb ends in a consonant, we add – ed . return - return ed , help - help ed , cook - cook ed </li></ul><ul><li>b.) If the verb ends in – e , we add – d . live - live d , create - create d , die - die d </li></ul><ul><li>c.) In one-syllable verbs, if the verb ends in a consonant + vowel + consonant, we double the last consonant and we add - ed . hop - hopp ed , rub - rubb ed </li></ul><ul><li>However, do not double one-syllable verbs ending in – w , - x , or – y . </li></ul><ul><li>bow - bow ed , play - play ed , mix - mix ed </li></ul>
  13. 13. SPELLING RULES FOR SIMPLE PAST TENSE OF REGULAR VERBS <ul><li>d.) In verbs of two or more syllables that end in consonant + vowel + consonant , we double the last consonant only if the last syllable is stressed . prefer - prefer red admit - admit ted </li></ul><ul><li>But: visit - visit ed (The last syllable isn’t stressed). </li></ul><ul><li>e.) If the verb ends in a consonant + y , we change the - y to - i and add – ed . worry - worr ied , copy – cop ied. </li></ul><ul><li>f.) If the verb ends in a vowel + y , add - ed . (Do not change the – y to – i .) play - played, annoy - annoyed </li></ul><ul><li>Exceptions: pay - paid, lay - laid, say - said </li></ul>
  14. 14. USED TO <ul><li>Used to is used to describe past habits, usually in contrast with the present. </li></ul><ul><li>A time expression is not necessary. </li></ul><ul><li>I used to get up at six, but now I get up at eight. </li></ul><ul><li>Used to can also describe past states. </li></ul><ul><li>I used to own a horse. (I owned a horse once.) </li></ul>
  15. 15. USED TO <ul><li>NEGATIVE: </li></ul><ul><li>I didn’t use to go the beach when I was younger. </li></ul><ul><li>(No solía ir a la playa cuando era joven) </li></ul><ul><li>INTERROGATIVE: </li></ul><ul><li>Did you use to live in Liverpool? </li></ul><ul><li>(¿Solías vivir en Liverpool?) </li></ul>