NarrativeTIME in narrative Info from Media Studies Revision Express
Time defined• Time is used in the different ways in a moving image text.• For instance, there is often a differential between discourse time and story time.
TIME• Discourse time is the time taken to narrate the events.• Story time refers to the ‘real time’ of the events.This can be established in a variety of ways:
Summary• Summary time- In this case, discourse time is shorter than story time. A common way of establishing this is to use a fade on a changing clock face.
Ellipsis• Ellipsis – this is the most common way of establishing discourse time rather than story time. If someone is shown getting out of bed, followed by a shot which shows them driving to work, we assume all the events in between, keeping the narrative moving.
Scene• Scene- here, story time and discourse time are equal. Reality TV programmes and soap operas will often try to suggest story time even when it is not being used, to try and maintain a realistic convention.
Stretch• Stretch- Discourse time can be longer than story time, perhaps through use of slow motion or a freeze frame. This can be a good way to directly affect an audience emotionally, for example.
Flashbacks• Flashbacks- change the linear progression of a text, moving away from a realist convention to allow the audience to judge or gain perspective on events.
TASK• Watch one of your productions.• Does it work in story time or discourse time?• In what ways is time established in the narrative? How does this affect audience expectations and responses?