Week 5

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Week 5

  1. 1. AS Film Studies Unit FM1 Introduction to Micro Features: Editing
  2. 2. Lesson Aims By the end of the lesson you will be able to: • Understand and apply editing terminology • Deconstruct how editing is used to communicate meaning
  3. 3. Definition: Editing • Editing a film involves selecting and combining shots into sequences • Good editing is a critical element in getting the audience to understand the film’s story, by creating or enhancing mood, emotion and character. • The director needs to create enough shots for the editor to choose from to tell the story.
  4. 4. Montage • A montage is created through an assembly of quick cuts, disconnected time or place, that combine to form a larger idea. A montage is frequently used to convey passage of time, coming of age, or emotional transition
  5. 5. Parallel Editing • This occurs when two scenes are shot in sequence, but presented by cutting back and forth between them. This creates a sense of two actions occurring simultaneously in two different locations
  6. 6. Split Screen • A split screen runs two shots side-by-side within a single frame. Like parallel editing, a split screen create the idea of simultaneous action. • Split screen was a staple of the 1950s and 1960s
  7. 7. Dissolves • Dissolves blend one shot into another. This achieved optically by fading out the first shot while the second shot fades up. A dissolve softens a cut. Dissolves can be brief or extended depending how ‘soft’ the film maker wants the effect to be • they are often used to show the passage of time – this is referred to as ELLIPTICAL EDITING
  8. 8. Expanding Time – Overlapping Action • This ads dramatic value to a scene. It can shine a light on a particular moment or an entre scene. It is often used to underscore important plot twists, climatic scenes, and pivotal emotional revelations • Suspense is evoked by milking the scene with the clever use of cutaways and reaction shots. In this way time can be stopped by extending the time it takes for the moment to play out on screen
  9. 9. Graphic Match • Graphic matching is when a scene links to another scene using the same shape or colour – this can occur with the use of a cut or a dissolve
  10. 10. Visual Match Cut (Idea) • A cut on idea is when two shots are cut together and by their juxtaposition, a third idea is suggested. This new ides is the sum of the first two
  11. 11. Fast Motion (Time Compression) • Fast Motion compresses reality, this technique is used for those scene that need to be especially heightened • Slowing down reality is often used to show how a character sees the world when in the midst of a traumatic event
  12. 12. Rhythm & Pace • Editing sets the rhythm or pace of a scene. This could be dictated by either the music used behind a scene or the mood that the editor is trying to create and the pace that you edit. To build up tension in a scene you might cut from one shot to another very quickly. However, in a relaxed scene the editing will progress at a much slower pace, dwelling longer on each shot.
  13. 13. Long Take
  14. 14. Jump Cuts, Match Cut, Cut Away
  15. 15. Continuity Editing • Despite all this art and craft, the audience hardly ever notices good editing. • Although we know that we are watching pieces of film joined together, we are so used to continuity editing that we accept what is happening on screen providing that it follows the rules that we have learnt through watching other films or narratives. • Shot reverse shot • 180 degree rule • Match on action • Straight Cut • The use of continuity editing makes action on the screen ‘appear’ to be seamless Editing is something of an ‘invisible art’, because we rarely notice the cut between one shot and another.
  16. 16. TASK • Firstly finish your sound task from last week. • In groups film a continuous sequence (Long Take) using as many shots, angles and movements as you can. • Try to include PLEONASTIC/ Foley Sound • Load to YouTube and embed on your blog • Secondly you will each have an editing technique • I want you to film an instructional/ definition video for that editing technique • Again it can be serious or funny just get the point across

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