Current Affairs• These are different from documentaries. Journalists programs aim to address mews in more detail and depth.• Some differences between documentaries and current affairs documentaries are that documentaries take months to make• Current affairs have to be up to date.
Structuring A Documentary• Documentaries rely heavily on traditional conventions of narrative. In other words there is a beginning a middle and an end• There is also a focus on character and conflict and other conventions of narrative forms are also used including music special settings and lighting.
Beginning• At the beginning of a documentary a central question can be posed in a integrating way alternatively the most dramatic piece of action footage can be there or quick interview cuts in conflict with each other can gain audience attention.
Middle• Other wise known as the complication stage often examines issues in human forms with focus on people and there opinions conflict strengthen to provide blockades for fulfilment of exposition
The End• Makes exposition fully apparent by resolution stage the audience has no doubt what the programme is saying.• Conflict Stage in more detail: can be between people with different beliefs, goals, circumstances or ambition it can also be with in individual with the surrounding or generations or society. Conflict must be shown in action usually in confrontation.
Sense of movement• Can add strength to a documentary. There are three types of movement• Physical: change of location.• Change in time: a season change.• Psychological: Ex prisoner adjusting to the outside world
Effects• Music and SFX: Sound is effective in producing an emotional response in an audience.• Lighting: to achieve realism and authenticity you must ensure good lighting is used because poor lighting gives the game away.
Construction of reality• When watching a documentary you need to ask not just what they show but what they dont show you.• Due to bias or performance along with a selection and rejection of information this is known as ‘gate keeping’.
Types of narrative structure• Open – make up your own mind Closed – definite ending and out come Single strand – one main plot Multistrand – more than one narrative run linear – goes in chronological order non linear – doesnt go in order. circular – question at start revisited at end vox pop – voice of the people consists of street interviews and general public answers.