you either become an efficient and honest contributor, or people will go around your traditional business models.
RIAA vs. PTP file sharing
Eventually, the masses will win politically, economically, and educationally .
In a Long Tail World…
Because when we cooperate and share, we all win – exponentially .
Reedʼs Law: Networks grow [in value] exponentially by the number of nodes.
It’s a social justice issue: everyone has the right to access global knowledge.
Why is “Open” Important? Institute for the Future whitepaper: Technologies of Cooperation
Cape Town Open Education Declaration
We are on the cusp of a global revolution in teaching and learning. Educators worldwide are developing a vast pool of educational resources on the Internet, open and free for all to use. These educators are creating a world where each and every person on earth can access and contribute to the sum of all human knowledge. They are also planting the seeds of a new pedagogy where educators and learners create, shape and evolve knowledge together, deepening their skills and understanding as they go.
Digitized materials, offered freely and openly for educators, students and self-learners, to use and re-use for teaching, learning and research. OER includes open access to both the content and the technology such as: Open Software, Open Standards and Open Licenses to distribute the material.
China Open Resources for Education has translated 109 MIT OCW courses into Simplified Chinese.
Wikiversity / OER Commons / Open Course
(a few) Open Content Repositories
All research funded by the US National Institutes of Health , an agency with a $29 billion research budget, will now be required to be published online, free to the public, within 12 months after publication in any scientific journal.
What are Open Textbooks?
“ Open textbooks” are free, online, open-access textbooks. The content of open textbooks is licensed to allow anyone to use, download, customize, or print without expressed permission from the author.
http://www.maketextbooksaffordable.org Examples of Free, Open Textbooks Campaign Coordinator: Nicole Allen
Why do we Need Open Textbooks?
According to a 2005 GAO report, College textbook prices have risen at twice the rate of annual inflation over the last two decades
At 2-year public institutions, the average cost of books and supplies per first-time, full-time student (’03-’04) was $886 = almost 75% of the cost of tuition and fees
$898 at 4-year public institutions, about 26% of the cost of tuition and fees
New Textbook Report: May 2007 http://www.ed.gov/about/bdscomm/list/acsfa/turnthepage.pdf “ The resulting groundswell of criticism against colleges, bookstores, and publishers has translated into action across the nation to do something about it. The political imperative to turn the page and restrain increases in the price of textbooks – indeed, to lower them if possible – cannot be overstated.” (p. iii)
What about Copyright / IP? CC Video
We must get rid of our “not invented here” attitude regarding others’ content
move to: "proudly borrowed from there"
Content is not a strategic advantage
Nor can we (or our students) afford it:
Students want open, free textbooks
Students want access to the global courses
Hey Higher Ed!
“ As uncomfortable a proposition as this new openness may be for some, I believe it is the future of higher education.”
In web 2.0, everything is public & higher education needs to get used to it.
Future of Openness in Education David Wiley 2006. Open source, openness, and higher education.
“ Open content is an important start. But it is a foundation on which a new structure of education can be built. We need to start having that discussion.”