Keynote ABE 10 08


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Keynote ABE 10 08

  1. 1. Global Movements & Cultural Changes in Technology Cable Green eLearning Director
  2. 2. Hold On!
  3. 3. <ul><li>“ We are in the midst of a technological, economic, and organizational transformation that allows us to negotiate the terms of freedom, justice, and productivity in the information society” </li></ul><ul><li>Yochai Benkler </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why does it matter? <ul><li>seamless connection of people, resources & knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>digitization of content </li></ul><ul><li>virtual, mobile, personal </li></ul><ul><li>global platform for collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>outsourcing </li></ul><ul><li>open-sourcing </li></ul><ul><li>blurring of boundaries </li></ul>
  5. 5. In a flat world, the artists, the synthesizers of ideas will rule. And they will use web 2.0 software standards, and practices to distribute their ideas.
  6. 6. And we can make all of our “ digital stuff” available to all people… and most of it will get used... by someone.
  7. 7. &quot;According to an IBM study, by 2010, the amount of digital information in the world will double every 11 hours.&quot;
  8. 8. The digital universe in 2007 was equal to almost 45 gigabytes (GB) of digital information for every person on earth … … or the equivalent of over 17 billion 8 GB iPhones.
  9. 9. Choices: (1) Open up and leverage global input OR (2) close up shop
  10. 11. How do we Deal with This? <ul><li>We are preparing students for </li></ul><ul><li>jobs that don’t yet exist, using </li></ul><ul><li>technologies that haven’t been </li></ul><ul><li>invented, to solve problems we </li></ul><ul><li>don’t even know are problems yet. </li></ul>http://
  11. 12. <ul><li>(1) Engage Web 2.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Stuff (read & write) </li></ul>
  12. 15. Web 2.0 Concepts participating collaborating file sharing tagging connecting social software Social networking social bookmarking user-generated information clouds crowdsourcing blogging wikis creating INNOVATION feeding THE SOCIAL WEB networking community interacting social graph swarm effect viral speed widget commenting ~ a brand new language ~ perpetual beta - Elaine Talbert
  13. 16. http://
  14. 17. RSS
  15. 19. Social Networking
  16. 21. Social Bookmarking
  17. 23. Wiki
  18. 24. Share Slides (and use others’)
  19. 25. Share Video
  20. 26. Online Office Hours: System License!
  21. 27. Blog
  22. 28. <ul><li>(2) eLearning </li></ul><ul><li>Why call it “eLearning?” </li></ul>
  23. 29. <ul><li>“ Distance” is about geographic separation. </li></ul><ul><li>“ eLearning” is about leveraging the unique affordances of digital technologies to support new ways of learning in new spaces. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Online, Hybrid, Enhanced </li></ul></ul>“ eLearning”
  24. 30. eLearning in Context <ul><li>Growth in online enrollments far exceeds overall enrollment growth. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CTC system FTE growth Fall 2007 up 1%, online enrollments increased 15% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Online + hybrid = 19.6% </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>3.5 million students are taking at least one online course </li></ul><ul><ul><li>= 20%of all U.S. higher education students. </li></ul></ul>
  25. 31. Washington Community & Technical Colleges Online Courses: Fall 07 <ul><li>13,473 FTE online </li></ul><ul><ul><li>equivalent to 2.5 Community Colleges </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Over 72,000 students learn online each year </li></ul><ul><li>45% of all CTC graduates earn 15 or more credits via eLearning </li></ul>
  26. 32. Completion Rates
  27. 33. Growth in Online Courses Fall FTE: 1998-2010 1999-2007 growth = 715%
  28. 34. Growth in Online Courses Annual Enrollment: 1998-2010 1999-2007 growth = 426%
  29. 35. <ul><li>Why does this growth curve matter? </li></ul>
  30. 36. Educate More Citizens <ul><li>HECB Master Plan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I. Raise educational attainment to create prosperity, opportunity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Policy Goal: Increase the total number of degrees and certificates produced annually to achieve Global Challenge State benchmarks. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>By 2018, raise mid-level degrees and certificates to 36,200 annually, an increase of 9,400 degrees annually. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  31. 37. <ul><li>… if you don’t offer online courses and excellent online student services … someone else will … and students will choose. </li></ul>
  32. 38. <ul><li>(3) Open Educational Resources </li></ul>
  33. 39. <ul><li>Because when we cooperate and share, we all win – exponentially . </li></ul><ul><li>Reedʼs Law: Networks grow [in value] exponentially by the number of nodes. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s a social justice issue: everyone has the right to access global knowledge. </li></ul>Why is “Open” Important? Institute for the Future whitepaper: Technologies of Cooperation
  34. 40. Definition of OER <ul><li>Digitized materials, offered freely and openly for educators, students, to use and re-use for teaching, learning and research. </li></ul>http://
  35. 41. What about Copyright / IP? CC Video
  36. 42. - JSB
  37. 43. <ul><li>OpenLearn (UK) </li></ul><ul><li>OCW – MIT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>China Open Resources for Education has translated 109 MIT OCW courses into Chinese. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rice Connexions </li></ul>(a few) Open Content Repositories
  38. 44. Making a Difference – Student Use Kunle Adejumo, Engineering student at Ahmadu Bello University in Zaria, Nigeria “ Last semester, I had a course in metallurgical engineering. I didn’t have notes, so I went to OCW. I downloaded a course outline on this, and also some review questions, and these helped me gain a deeper understanding of the material.”
  39. 45. and there is this small collection of articles:
  40. 46. What are Open Textbooks? <ul><li>“ Open textbooks” are free, online, open-access textbooks. The content of open textbooks is licensed to allow anyone to use, download, customize, or print without expressed permission from the author. </li></ul> Examples of Free, Open Textbooks
  41. 47. Why do we Need Open Textbooks? <ul><li>2005 GAO report: College textbook prices have risen at twice the rate of annual inflation over the last two decades </li></ul><ul><li>At 2-year public institutions , the average cost of books and supplies per first-time, full-time student (’03-’04) was $886 = almost 75% of the cost of tuition and fees </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$898 at 4-year public institutions, about 26% of the cost of tuition and fees </li></ul></ul>
  42. 48. May, 2007: Dept of Ed.
  43. 50. <ul><li> </li></ul>
  44. 51. <ul><li>We must get rid of our “not invented here” attitude regarding others’ content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>move to: &quot;proudly borrowed from there&quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Content is not a strategic advantage </li></ul><ul><li>Nor can we (or our students) afford it: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students want open, free textbooks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students want access to the global courses </li></ul></ul>Hey Higher Ed!
  45. 52. <ul><li>“ As uncomfortable a proposition as this new openness may be for some, I believe it is the future of higher education.” </li></ul><ul><li>In web 2.0, everything is public & higher education needs to get used to it. </li></ul>Future of Openness in Education David Wiley 2006. Open source, openness, and higher education.
  46. 53. <ul><li>(4) Strategic Technology Plan </li></ul>
  47. 54. Strategic Technology Plan <ul><li>Long-term planning to infuse innovative, student-centered technologies and transform learning throughout the CTC system. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Structural shift to student-centric applications, services and development processes. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Leverage technology, services and content across the 34 Colleges. </li></ul><ul><li>Plan approved by: WACTC & SBCTC </li></ul>
  48. 56. What we learned from Students <ul><li>24/7/365 online access to courses and student services </li></ul><ul><li>faculty to be proficient with technologies </li></ul><ul><li>access to better online library resources </li></ul><ul><li>consistency in the technology tools across all courses and Colleges </li></ul><ul><li>access to online textbooks to lower costs and reduce paper use </li></ul><ul><li>100% wireless campus </li></ul>
  49. 57. What we learned from Faculty <ul><li>faculty believe technology helps them teach more effectively (87%) </li></ul><ul><li>faculty turn to other faculty for information about new learning technologies (72%) </li></ul><ul><li>student expectations motivate faculty to learn more about technology (69%) </li></ul>
  50. 58. Bottom Line <ul><li>Accountability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shared technology, support services and content is a responsible use of public funds. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Accessibility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All students, faculty and staff need access to enterprise eLearning & administrative systems and support services to compete in the global market. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Affordability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No College can afford all necessary eLearning & administrative systems & support services individually. </li></ul></ul>
  51. 59. What Happens if we Don’t Change? Google, Amazon, Apple, Open Source, Open Content, Open Textbooks… Higher Education Functional Possibilities Time Harder to catch-up … Or even understand.
  52. 60. <ul><li>Organizing knowledge networks has traditionally been the role of higher education. </li></ul><ul><li>Higher Education will shift from organization as silo, to organization as node. </li></ul>Shift to Node
  53. 61. Parting Thought… Is the network to the point where we can challenge traditional models of pedagogy, publishing, and how we use digital technologies? If so, how will your curriculum and methods of learning change, assuming that today’s technology will be readily available to both you and your students?
  54. 62. Dr. Cable Green (360) 704-4334 Twitter: cgreen