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Theatre 100 Chapter one

Theatre 100 Chapter one

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  • 1. What is the Theatre?
  • 2. The word “theatre” comes from the Greek theatron which means “seeing place”
  • 3. What is Drama?
    • Comes from the Greek word
    • dran
    • which means “to do”.
  • 4. Theatre - Drama
    • Drama is something done - an action.
    • Theatre is something seen - an action witnessed.
  • 5. Which is it?
    • Is it Theat re ?
    • or
    • Theat er ?
    Theat re is French/British Theat er is German They are pronounced identically & both spellings are incorporated into American usage. THEATRE THEATER
  • 6. Theatre vs Drama
    • Theatre and Drama are often used interchangeably, but they also have distinct meanings
    • Theatre can mean a building, drama does not. Theatre refers to all the theatrical arts: architecture, the design, construction, marketing, etc.
    • Drama focuses mainly on the written actions and the words of a play
  • 7. Theatre vs Drama
    • If we say something is “dramatic” we are suggesting actions that are compelling.
    • When we call something “theatrical”, we are usually implying “showy” or sensational behavior.
  • 8. What do we need?
    • A person performing
    • An audience
    • A place
        • Peter Brook writes of the “Empty Space”
  • 9. What does theater mean?
    • A building
    • Metaphorically it can mean a place where surgeries or wars take place
    • The players (and owners, managers, and technicians) who perform in a space -- a company.
    • An occupation
  • 10. Theatre architecture
    • Proscenium Theatre
    • Thrust Theater
    • Arena Theater
    • Black Box
  • 11. Proscenium
    • The 4 th wall removed
  • 12. Thrust Theater
    • Seats on 3 sides
    • More “intimate”.
  • 13. Arena Theatre
    • Seats on all 4 sides
    • Very intimate
    • More emphasis on props & costumes than on scenery.
  • 14. The Black Box
    • A flexible space
    • The “empty space”
  • 15. Historical Theatre Architecture
    • The Greek Theatre
    The skene
  • 16. Historical Theatre Architecture
    • Shakespeare’s Wooden “O”
  • 17. Theatre as a Collaborative Art Form
    • Troupes
    • Playmakers
    • Thespians
  • 18. Occupations in Theatre
    • Producing
    • Directing
    • Acting
    • Designing
    • Building
    • Crewing
    • Stage Management
    • House Management and…………….
  • 19. Playwriting
    • (the one and only craft of the theatre that can be (and usually is) executed away from the theatre building and shops.
    • The use of the word “play” – theatre is a kind of “playing”
    • Think of child’s play (gamelike) , or “playing” cops and robbers (meaning impersonate).
  • 20. Art
    • Theatre is an “art” complete with creativity,
    • imagination, elegance, power, & aesthetic harmony.
    • Meant to capture the human spirit
    • Integrating our emotions with our intellect
  • 21. Impersonation
    • Unlike other forms of art - poetry, painting, sculpture, music, cabaret acts – the theatre involves actors impersonating characters
    • The theater has a long tradition of using masks
  • 22. Performance
    • What is a performance?
      • 2 people talking is communication
      • 2 people talking for the benefit (attention, entertainment, enlightenment, or involvement) of someone else becomes a performance.
    • Modes of performance
      • Presentational vs representational
  • 23. Samuel Taylor Coleridge
    • “ The willing suspension of disbelief”
    Famously said theatre was……
  • 24. Live Performance
    • Living and breathing
    • Audience is sharing the same “space” as the performers – live theatre creates a relationship among the audience members
    • Actors can “control” their finished product on stage – there is no film editor who can chop out your scene after you have performed it.
  • 25. Scripted and Rehearsed
    • Although most modern performances are prepared according to written and well rehearsed scripts -- improvisation and ad- libbing contribute to the preparation process.
    • But the text of a play, is not by itself, a play
    • The play fully exists only in its performance
  • 26. A “script” is not a “play”
    • Words on paper…….
    • create ideas of an author
    • But it only becomes a “play” when it is per-formed, with structural patterns in motion, quick interplay, action, scenery, and costumes.
  • 27. Is Theatre in danger of extinction?
    • Is it an endangered species?
      • More people have seen the Broadway musical Phantom of the Opera than have seen the movie Titanic .
      • New theatres continue to be built each year
      • 12.3 million spectators saw a Broadway show last year
      • Theatre is unique - It is LIVE!
  • 28. Where do we find Theatre in our daily lives?
    • Sports
    • Politics
    • Education
    • The Courts
    • On the job (the interview!)
  • 29. Where do we find Theatre in our daily lives?
    • Family dynamics
    • Religion
      • Weddings
      • Funerals
      • Bar Mitzvahs
      • Christenings
  • 30. Arthur Miller
    • “ When the cannons have
    • stopped firing, and the great
    • victories of finance are reduced
    • to surmise and are long forgotten
    • it is the art of the people that will confront future generations.
    • [Art] can do more to sustain the peace than all the wars, the armaments, and the threats and warnings of the politicians .”