Greek Drama Power Point


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Greek Drama Power Point

  1. 1. Greek Drama<br />
  2. 2. Greek Drama<br />Greek Drama reflected the flaws and values of Greek society. In turn, members of society internalized both the positive and negative messages, and incorporated them into their daily lives. This concept of exposing society’s flaws and allowing the audience to learn from them is evident in contemporary theater.<br />
  3. 3. Son of Zeus and Semele <br />God of wine, fertility, grapes, ecstasy, madness, pleasure, festivity, etc. <br />One of the 12 Olympians<br />Responsible for human impulses<br />Devine mission: eradicate all care and worry<br />Described as feminine; “man-womanish”<br />Honored him through theater festivals<br />Dionysus<br />“…wait a moment while I fetch you some mellow wine, so that you may first make liberation to Zeus and the other immortals and then, if you like, enjoy a drink for yourself. Wine is a great comfort to a weary man…” (Hecabe to Hector . Homer, Iliad6.260).<br />
  4. 4. Athens as a center of Greek Culture<br />Greek city-state known for its cultural, political and military power between 550 and 220 BCE<br />Festival known as City Dionysia held in March in honor of Dionysus. <br />Statue of Dionysus was carried into theater so that he could observe the performance<br />
  5. 5. First resemblance of a Greek theater was in the Palace at Knossos, in Northern Crete<br />First formal Greek theater built in Athens between 550 and 534 BCE<br />Parts of a Greek Theater:<br /><ul><li>Theatron-Seeing Space
  6. 6. Orchestra-Dancing Place
  7. 7. Skene
  8. 8. Parados
  9. 9. Thymele-Alter for Dionysus</li></ul>Front rows reserved for distinguished visitors<br />Open-air theater<br /><ul><li>Simple surrounding allowed audience to devote full attention to characters</li></ul>Atmosphere & Set-up of a Greek Theater<br />
  10. 10. Performance always preceded by a sacrifice to Dionysus<br />Prologue<br />Parados<br />First Episode<br />First Stasimon<br />Exodus<br />Sequence of a Play<br />
  11. 11. Actors wore mask with exaggerated features and wide mouths so that their voices projected to the entire audience<br />Wore long, trailing robes with elaborate designs<br />At the bottom of each of the actors’ shoes was a 6 inch wooden sole to make them appear tall and intimidating<br />Carried themselves with grand esteem an moved gracefully about the stage<br /> Costumes<br />
  12. 12. The eccyclema- “object that is rolled out”<br /><ul><li>In the rare occasion that violence was depicted onstage, a slain victim was usually rolled out on this device</li></ul>The machina- “machine”<br /><ul><li>Crane used to fly in gods
  13. 13. Occasionally used for comic effect</li></ul>In general, playwrights liked to leave much of the action to the audience’s imagination<br />Stage Equipment<br />
  14. 14. Job of choregos (think “The Producers”) to pay all expenses on a production, bulk of which went toward providing training and costumes for chorus<br />An estimate of approximately 1500 people needed to stage a play<br />A Greek historian named Plutarch claimed that Athenians spent more on their plays than on their military defense<br />Originally, admittance fee was 2 obolus<br />Later, Pericles made it free<br />It was either “sink or swim” when getting production on it’s feet<br /> Funding<br />
  15. 15. Playwrights had to writers, as well as composers, choreographers, designers, directors and actors<br />Playwrights only received pay if they won first prize<br />Actors were chosen by lot from a pool of professionals<br />Speaking parts were allotted to three male characters<br />Switched costumes and masks if more characters were required to advance the plotline. <br />Playwrights and Actors<br />
  16. 16. Thespis<br /><ul><li>First actor
  17. 17. First winner of the Dionysia
  18. 18. Developed Tragedy
  19. 19. Established dialogue between himself, the first actor and the chorus
  20. 20. Added chorus into the mix
  21. 21. Responsible for many other theater rituals, such as the wearing if masks</li></ul>Later Aeschylus established a second actor and Sophocles added a third actor<br />Playwrights and Actors(cont.)<br />
  22. 22. The word “chorus” literally means “dance”<br />Most Greek choruses blended music, dance and song<br />Chorus began with 50 members, but dwindled to about 12-15, as the training and costuming for them was very costly<br />Chorus entered orchestra during Parados and remained there for the whole play<br />Purpose of chorus was to create foreshadowing and suspense<br />Helps audience feel more involved in play <br />Also to help the audience come to their own conclusions about the events unfolding before them.<br />The Chorus<br />
  23. 23. From Ritual to Theater<br />
  24. 24. Tragodia in Greek<br />Derived from the words Tragos, meaning goat and oide, meaning song. Reason for this obscure origin has two possibilities:<br />Choruses were dressed in loin-skins of goats<br />Prize for best song was a goat <br />Requirements for a Tragedian:<br />Submit three tragedies to a magistrate called the archon eponymos<br />Also had to submit a satyr play<br />The Tragedy<br />
  25. 25. Centered around the rise and downfall of the “hero”<br />The conclusion of a tragedy was usually a messenger coming out to tell the audience of the tragic consequences of the characters’ actions<br />The Tragedy(cont.)<br />
  26. 26. Slapstick and crude humor<br />Festival of Lenaia held in March<br />Comedies usually concluded with a “happy ending” and the characters find a resolution to the original conflict <br />The Comedy<br />
  27. 27. Greek Theater vs. Modern Theater<br />
  28. 28. THE END<br />Thanks for watching!<br />