Chapter One Ppt


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Theatre 100 Chapter one

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Chapter One Ppt

  1. 1. What is the Theatre?
  2. 2. The word “theatre” comes from the Greek theatron which means “seeing place”
  3. 3. What is Drama? <ul><li>Comes from the Greek word </li></ul><ul><li>dran </li></ul><ul><li>which means “to do”. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Theatre - Drama <ul><li>Drama is something done - an action. </li></ul><ul><li>Theatre is something seen - an action witnessed. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Which is it? <ul><li>Is it Theat re ? </li></ul><ul><li>or </li></ul><ul><li>Theat er ? </li></ul>Theat re is French/British Theat er is German They are pronounced identically & both spellings are incorporated into American usage. THEATRE THEATER
  6. 6. Theatre vs Drama <ul><li>Theatre and Drama are often used interchangeably, but they also have distinct meanings </li></ul><ul><li>Theatre can mean a building, drama does not. Theatre refers to all the theatrical arts: architecture, the design, construction, marketing, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Drama focuses mainly on the written actions and the words of a play </li></ul>
  7. 7. Theatre vs Drama <ul><li>If we say something is “dramatic” we are suggesting actions that are compelling. </li></ul><ul><li>When we call something “theatrical”, we are usually implying “showy” or sensational behavior. </li></ul>
  8. 8. What do we need? <ul><li>A person performing </li></ul><ul><li>An audience </li></ul><ul><li>A place </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Peter Brook writes of the “Empty Space” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. What does theater mean? <ul><li>A building </li></ul><ul><li>Metaphorically it can mean a place where surgeries or wars take place </li></ul><ul><li>The players (and owners, managers, and technicians) who perform in a space -- a company. </li></ul><ul><li>An occupation </li></ul>
  10. 10. Theatre architecture <ul><li>Proscenium Theatre </li></ul><ul><li>Thrust Theater </li></ul><ul><li>Arena Theater </li></ul><ul><li>Black Box </li></ul>
  11. 11. Proscenium <ul><li>The 4 th wall removed </li></ul>
  12. 12. Thrust Theater <ul><li>Seats on 3 sides </li></ul><ul><li>More “intimate”. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Arena Theatre <ul><li>Seats on all 4 sides </li></ul><ul><li>Very intimate </li></ul><ul><li>More emphasis on props & costumes than on scenery. </li></ul>
  14. 14. The Black Box <ul><li>A flexible space </li></ul><ul><li>The “empty space” </li></ul>
  15. 15. Historical Theatre Architecture <ul><li>The Greek Theatre </li></ul>The skene
  16. 16. Historical Theatre Architecture <ul><li>Shakespeare’s Wooden “O” </li></ul>
  17. 17. Theatre as a Collaborative Art Form <ul><li>Troupes </li></ul><ul><li>Playmakers </li></ul><ul><li>Thespians </li></ul>
  18. 18. Occupations in Theatre <ul><li>Producing </li></ul><ul><li>Directing </li></ul><ul><li>Acting </li></ul><ul><li>Designing </li></ul><ul><li>Building </li></ul><ul><li>Crewing </li></ul><ul><li>Stage Management </li></ul><ul><li>House Management and……………. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Playwriting <ul><li>(the one and only craft of the theatre that can be (and usually is) executed away from the theatre building and shops. </li></ul><ul><li>The use of the word “play” – theatre is a kind of “playing” </li></ul><ul><li>Think of child’s play (gamelike) , or “playing” cops and robbers (meaning impersonate). </li></ul>
  20. 20. Art <ul><li>Theatre is an “art” complete with creativity, </li></ul><ul><li>imagination, elegance, power, & aesthetic harmony. </li></ul><ul><li>Meant to capture the human spirit </li></ul><ul><li>Integrating our emotions with our intellect </li></ul>
  21. 21. Impersonation <ul><li>Unlike other forms of art - poetry, painting, sculpture, music, cabaret acts – the theatre involves actors impersonating characters </li></ul><ul><li>The theater has a long tradition of using masks </li></ul>
  22. 22. Performance <ul><li>What is a performance? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2 people talking is communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 people talking for the benefit (attention, entertainment, enlightenment, or involvement) of someone else becomes a performance. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Modes of performance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Presentational vs representational </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Samuel Taylor Coleridge <ul><li>“ The willing suspension of disbelief” </li></ul>Famously said theatre was……
  24. 24. Live Performance <ul><li>Living and breathing </li></ul><ul><li>Audience is sharing the same “space” as the performers – live theatre creates a relationship among the audience members </li></ul><ul><li>Actors can “control” their finished product on stage – there is no film editor who can chop out your scene after you have performed it. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Scripted and Rehearsed <ul><li>Although most modern performances are prepared according to written and well rehearsed scripts -- improvisation and ad- libbing contribute to the preparation process. </li></ul><ul><li>But the text of a play, is not by itself, a play </li></ul><ul><li>The play fully exists only in its performance </li></ul>
  26. 26. A “script” is not a “play” <ul><li>Words on paper……. </li></ul><ul><li>create ideas of an author </li></ul><ul><li>But it only becomes a “play” when it is per-formed, with structural patterns in motion, quick interplay, action, scenery, and costumes. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Is Theatre in danger of extinction? <ul><li>Is it an endangered species? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More people have seen the Broadway musical Phantom of the Opera than have seen the movie Titanic . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New theatres continue to be built each year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>12.3 million spectators saw a Broadway show last year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Theatre is unique - It is LIVE! </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. Where do we find Theatre in our daily lives? <ul><li>Sports </li></ul><ul><li>Politics </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>The Courts </li></ul><ul><li>On the job (the interview!) </li></ul>
  29. 29. Where do we find Theatre in our daily lives? <ul><li>Family dynamics </li></ul><ul><li>Religion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Weddings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Funerals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bar Mitzvahs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Christenings </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Arthur Miller <ul><li>“ When the cannons have </li></ul><ul><li>stopped firing, and the great </li></ul><ul><li>victories of finance are reduced </li></ul><ul><li>to surmise and are long forgotten </li></ul><ul><li>it is the art of the people that will confront future generations. </li></ul><ul><li>[Art] can do more to sustain the peace than all the wars, the armaments, and the threats and warnings of the politicians .” </li></ul>