Have an understanding of the 5 elements of
Recall ‘The Dentist’ and be able to make
connections between what you learn today,
and what you have read
Be able to use these 5 elements to develop a
deeper understanding of A Villa on Venus and
There are many possible definitions of drama:
Ancient Greek word meaning ‘act’ or ‘deed’
An ancient art form with
origins that are beyond
It may have developed out of important rituals having
to do with:
•Sewing and reaping crops
But what we are mainly
interested in is drama in the
So, for us,
1. Drama is a genre of literature.
(Genre: a particular type or
2. Its basic medium is spoken
(Medium: the material or
technique an artist works with.)
Drama shows human actions in such a way
that we gain a deeper understanding of the
human experience (what it means to be
Sequence of events that makes up the whole story
Main struggle between
‘good’ and ‘evil’. Often
contains most of the action
Loose ends are
tied up. Action
All mystery is solved,
things go back to normal
Identify the 5 parts of a typical play in ‘The
Look at the middle section of the play in
particular – what events and actions make it
Dentist hits man with hammer
Dentist reveals that it is his first time extracting
Woman starts to lose it
Man and woman run away!
Main struggle between two opposing forces
Two main types:
Struggles the character
faces within himself
Conflict that occurs
When do we see characters clashing with one
Clue: Look out for moments of disagreement,
characters getting upset, verbal/physical fights
• Refers to the time and place the play is set in
• e.g. Environment (physical characteristics of the
surrounding) in which characters live
• Where the action takes place!
• Starts with being just a physical location with
• But can often reveal insights about characters and
• We will analyse setting
in greater depth in
We can learn about characters in many ways,
What does the character look like?
What does the character do in the story?
E.g. The ‘Dentist’ and all his “crazy” actions
What does the character say in the story?
How does he say it?
Analyse the diction (choice
Imagine his tone of voice –
Angry? Happy? Hesitant?
Any words that are
repeated in his speech?
What do other characters say or think about the
Is this true based on evidence from the rest of the
Remember that thoughts and emotions are
revealed in characters’ speech
Recall the Man and Woman’s judgment of the
character of the ‘Dentist’ (“He’s absolutely crazy,
Are characters being sincere? Do they really mean
what they say about each other?
Sometimes straightforward, but other times you
have to ‘read between the lines’
Story revolves around his
We usually identify, empathise with
Who is this in ‘The Dentist’?
Main character who deceives, frustrates,
opposes, or works against the protagonist
The main ‘enemy’
The central idea or message
Could be a comment on human values
Or an interpretation of life
There can be more than one theme in a drama,
although this usually depends on the length of the play
In your Literature exercise books, copy this
What did you like/dislike about the plot OR
characters in the play ‘The Dentist‘?
Choose either PLOT or CHARACTER
Answer with at least 3 reasons, in complete
Each reason should include a term or concept
you have learnt from today’s lesson