Elements of Drama


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A powerpoint presentation made by Miss Audrey Lim Shirui about the elements of drama.

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Elements of Drama

  1. 1. Sec 1 Express
  2. 2.  Have an understanding of the 5 elements of drama  Recall ‘The Dentist’ and be able to make connections between what you learn today, and what you have read  Be able to use these 5 elements to develop a deeper understanding of A Villa on Venus and Zeep!
  3. 3.  There are many possible definitions of drama: Ancient Greek word meaning ‘act’ or ‘deed’
  4. 4. An ancient art form with origins that are beyond human record.
  5. 5. It may have developed out of important rituals having to do with: •Sewing and reaping crops •Fertility rituals •Burial rituals
  6. 6. But what we are mainly interested in is drama in the classroom: So, for us, 1. Drama is a genre of literature. (Genre: a particular type or form) 2. Its basic medium is spoken language. (Medium: the material or technique an artist works with.)
  7. 7. Drama shows human actions in such a way that we gain a deeper understanding of the human experience (what it means to be human)
  8. 8. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. P_____t C________t S_______g C__________r Th_______ 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Plot Conflict Setting Character Theme
  9. 9.  Sequence of events that makes up the whole story  Structure: Climax Conflict starts to develop Exposition Characters and setting are introduced Main struggle between ‘good’ and ‘evil’. Often contains most of the action Loose ends are tied up. Action slows down Resolution All mystery is solved, things go back to normal
  10. 10.  Identify the 5 parts of a typical play in ‘The Dentist’  Look at the middle section of the play in particular – what events and actions make it exciting?  Dentist hits man with hammer  Dentist reveals that it is his first time extracting teeth  Woman starts to lose it  Man and woman run away!
  11. 11.  Main struggle between two opposing forces  Two main types:  Internal Conflict  External Conflict
  12. 12.  Internal Conflict  External Conflict Struggles the character faces within himself Conflict that occurs between characters
  13. 13.  External Conflict  When do we see characters clashing with one another?  Clue: Look out for moments of disagreement, characters getting upset, verbal/physical fights
  14. 14. • Refers to the time and place the play is set in • e.g. Environment (physical characteristics of the surrounding) in which characters live • Where the action takes place! • Starts with being just a physical location with identifiable qualities • But can often reveal insights about characters and their relationships
  15. 15. • We will analyse setting in greater depth in Zeep!
  16. 16.  We can learn about characters in many ways, including:  Physical traits  Actions  Perspectives  Opinions
  17. 17.  Physical traits:  What does the character look like?  Hair  Facial expressions  Clothing  Accessories
  18. 18.  Actions:  What does the character do in the story?  E.g. The ‘Dentist’ and all his “crazy” actions
  19. 19.  Perspectives:  What does the character say in the story?  How does he say it?  Analyse the diction (choice of words)  Imagine his tone of voice – Angry? Happy? Hesitant?  Any words that are repeated in his speech?
  20. 20.  Opinions:  What do other characters say or think about the character?  Is this true based on evidence from the rest of the play?  Remember that thoughts and emotions are revealed in characters’ speech  Recall the Man and Woman’s judgment of the character of the ‘Dentist’ (“He’s absolutely crazy, completely mad”)
  21. 21.  Opinions:  Are characters being sincere? Do they really mean what they say about each other?  Sometimes straightforward, but other times you have to ‘read between the lines’
  22. 22.  Protagonist:  Main character  Story revolves around his experiences  We usually identify, empathise with him  Who is this in ‘The Dentist’?
  23. 23.  Antagonist:  Main character who deceives, frustrates, opposes, or works against the protagonist  The main ‘enemy’
  24. 24.  The central idea or message  Could be a comment on human values  Or an interpretation of life  There can be more than one theme in a drama, although this usually depends on the length of the play
  25. 25.  In your Literature exercise books, copy this question down: What did you like/dislike about the plot OR characters in the play ‘The Dentist‘?  Choose either PLOT or CHARACTER  Answer with at least 3 reasons, in complete sentences  Each reason should include a term or concept you have learnt from today’s lesson