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A 7000 years of history living in Athens, Greece

A 7000 years of history living in Athens, Greece

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Athens in time Athens in time Presentation Transcript

  • Athensthe most ancient polis in Europe* But what does Athens has to say for 7000 years of history, democracy and philosophy? * Argos is also considered to be the most ancient city in Europe
  • WisdomAthens was named afterthe goddess Athena, aftera contest with Poseidon inAcropolis.Athena won with an olive treeas a gift to the city.*Αθηνά means Understanding orThought.Plato, Cratylus, 407b Athena*
  • MythologyFirst inhabited in theNeolithic period, as adefensible settlementon top of the Acropolis,around the end of 4000BC.By 1400 BC thesettlement had becomea center of theMycenean civilization.* mythological King ofAthens Theseus* View slide
  • HistoryHistoryAthens succeeded inbringing the othertowns of Attica underits rule. Synoikismoscreated the largest andwealthiest state on theGreek mainland, but italso created a largerclass of people excludedfrom political life by thenobility. Attica View slide
  • Reform Politics from families to politics from free men Solon created thesocial basis that led todemocracy later.
  • TyrannyFew steps tilldemocracy…After Solon, tyrants ruledAthens, but not for long.Tyrannicides (so asthe Marathon Battlesome years later) put anend to Tyranny. Tyrannicides
  • DemocracyMost offices were filled bylot, although the tenstrategoi (generals) wereelected. This systemremained remarkablystable and, with a fewbrief interruptions, itremained in place for 170years, until Philip II ofMacedon defeated Athensat the Battle ofChaeroneain 338 BC.* The founder of Athens democracy Cleisthenes*
  • StrategyThemistocles connected Athenswith Piraeus port, preparing Athens forthe war with Sparta, after the victory ofGreeks against the Persians *Piraeus is Athens port Piraeus*
  • LeadershipPericles name madefamous by Thucydides,the first real historian.Pericles led Athens to itsGolden Era, transformingAthens to the first empireof the ancient world. Pericles
  • PhilosophyPlato’s Academy,student ofSocrates,Aristotle, andmany more livedin Athens.Their ideasformed theEuropean culture. Plato
  • EconomicsAthens was the firstCosmopolitan Metropoliswith goods from aroundthe world reachingPiraeus port.Knowledge, Trade andEconomy was globalised inthe ancient world for thefirst time in history. Coins
  • EmpireDelos was the capital ofAthenian Alliance.The island thatApollo was born, noman is allowed to beborn or die in thisisland, until today…*Delos is in the Aegean Sea. Delos*
  • ArchItecture
  • TheaterDionysus Theater inAcropolis was theplace wereAthenians weregathering to beeducated withDrama.Man is seen as he is.Dramatic. Drama
  • CelebrationPanathinaia wasthe ancient festivalfor Athena inAthens.Today the historicFootball Club ofPanathinaikoscarries the samename. Panathinaia
  • Alexander the GreatPhillip of Macedonrules Athens.Orator Demosthenesstood against him, butPhillip’s son, Alexander,was foreseen to rulethe known world andbecome one of theglobal history leaders. Demosthenes
  • Roman AthensUnder Rome, Athens wasgiven the status of a freecity because of its widelyadmired schools. TheRoman emperor Hadrian, inthe 2nd centuryAD, constructed a library, agymnasium, an aqueductwhich is still in use, severaltemples and sanctuaries, abridge and financed thecompletion of the Temple ofOlympian Zeus Roman Agora
  • Athens lost its classical Glory after Ages..
  • ByzantiumBut the conversion of theEmpire to Christianityended the citys role as acentre of pagan learning;the Emperor Justinianclosed the schools ofphilosophy in AD 529.This is generally taken tomark the end of theancient history of Athens.The 11th and 12thcenturies were theGolden Age of Byzantineart. Till today many thingsremain intact till today. Churches
  • Latin AthensAthens was the capital of theeponymous Duchy of Athens. TheBurgundian family De la Roche, itreplaced Athens as the capitaland seat of government,although Athens remained themost influential ecclesiasticalcentre in the duchy and site of aprime fortress. Under theBurgundian dukes, a bell towerwas added to the Parthenon.Also the brought chivalryand tournaments to Athens; theyalso fortified the Acropolis. Theywere themselves influenced byByzantine Greek culture. Duchy of Athens
  • Ottoman AthensIn 1458, Athens fell to the Ottoman Empire.As the Ottoman Sultan Mehmet II theConqueror rode into the city, he was greatlystruck by the beauty of its ancientmonuments and issued a firman (imperialedict) forbidding their looting ordestruction, on pain of death.The Parthenon was converted into Athensmain mosque. The 375-year Ottoman rule ofAthens (and of Greece in general) was thelongest by any non-Hellenic power since theRomans.• Monastiraki
  • IndependenceIn 1822, a Greek insurgency captured the city,but it fell to the Ottomans again in 1826.Again the ancient monuments suffered badly.Partially funded Byron, the Greeks continuedto fight, but the Ottoman forces remained inpossession until 1833, when they withdrew.Athens was chosen to be the capital of thenewly established kingdom of Greece. At thattime, the city was virtually uninhabited, beingmerely a cluster of buildings at the foot ofthe Acropolis, where the Plaka district is now.
  • CapitalAthens was chosen as theGreek capital for historicaland sentimental reasons. Amodern city plan was laid outand public buildings wereerected. The finest legacy ofthis period are the Universityof Athens (1837), the OldRoyal Palace (now the GreekParliament Building)(1843), the National Gardensof Athens(1840), the National Libraryof Greece (1842), the GreekNational Academy(1885), the Zappeion Exhibition Hall (1878), the OldParliamentBuilding (1858), the New Athens 1888Royal Palace (now thePresidential Palace) (1897)and the Athens Town Hall(1874).
  • 1896the firstmodernOlympics isa fact. Olympics
  • Modern2004AthensOlympicswere the bestOlympics inhistory of themodernGames.
  • SO TODAY?http://www.athens-today.com/
  • Notable Athenians Aeschylus Nicias Alcibiades PeisistratosAristophanes Pericles Aspasia Pheidias Cimon Plato Cleisthenes Simonides Cleon SocratesDemosthenes Solon Ephialtes Sophocles Euripides Themistocles Herodotus TheseusEmpress Irene Thrasybulus Miltiades Thucydides Xenophon
  • Ancient sites in AthensThe Acropolis, with theParthenonAgoraArch of AdrianAreopagusKerameikosLysicrates monumentPhilopappos monumentPnyxTemple of HephaestusTemple of Olympian ZeusTower of the Winds Parthenon
  • NowAthens lives its moderndrama version, with thevalues of the past trying tocome back to life.Times change, but peoplemost of the times do not.Hopefully, History is stillbeing written and made bypeople.
  • Sites I can learn more about AthensBlogshttp://www.athensguide.com/top-10/index.htmhttp://www.true-athens.com/http://www.athens-today.com/Officialhttp://thisisathens.org/default.php?pname=homepage2&la=2http://www.breathtakingathens.com/Commercialhttp://athens.dailysecret.com/Hotelshttp://www.all-athens-hotels.com/ Sounion
  • http://www.harrys-greece.com/h- athens/cultural/beaches.htm
  • Thank youΑΘΗΝΑ Themis Papadimopoulos www.opentourism.gr