Traditional LiteratureFolktales, Fables, Fairytales, Myths
Why learn about Traditional Literature? Serves as the building blocks for contemporary literature/framework for literature Provides a window on diverse cultures Provides moral models for children as the struggle between good and evil is applied to events in their own lives
FolktaleA story told by word of mouth to teach a lessonPassed down from generation to generation
Folk tale Folktales feature common people, such as peasants, and commonplace events. Characters representing human frailty (being fragile). Characters represent human qualities Good Evil Wisdom Foolishness Laziness Etc.
FolktalesThe conflict of the story is clear.The resolution usually has happy endingsGood is rewarded and evil is punishedElements of magic or magical characters may be incorporated, but logic rules so the supernatural must make sense in the story.
Fables Short stories that teach a moral (lesson) Plot is very brief, with one event. Animal characters with human characteristics Characters are flat, and stand for one human trait. Themes: cooperation, understanding, acceptance, etc. Morals sometimes are inferred. May be expressed in a proverb.
Aesops Fables This famous Book of Fables, which are always referred to as Aesops Fables, date back to the 5th Century BC. Lion and the Mouse The Fox and the Crow Goose with the Golden Eggs Wolf in Sheep’s Clothing The Town Mouse and the Country Mouse Ant and the Grasshopper
FairytaleElements of a Fairytale Contains magic/enchantments Likely character types: Talking animals Witches Fairies Nobles (Kings, Queens, Princes, Princesses) Godparents
Fairy Tale- setting Setting does not have a definite location or time Familiar fairytales look like Germany
The best know tale in the WorldCinderella The oldest known version was found in China in the 9th century. It is basically a story of sibling rivalry. There are over 700 different versions.
Hans Christian Anderson• Danish author and poet• Wrote more than 160 Fairy Tales• Many of Andersens fairy tales depict characters who gain happiness in life after suffering and conflicts• Ugly Duckling theme of self-discovery, which Click on matched his own life Anderson’s• Optimistic belief in the triumph of the good picture to see his stories• Known as the father of the modern fairytale
Brothers Grimm Jacob Ludwig Carl Grimm and Wilhelm Carl GrimmClickpicture for Wrote children’s tales and folklore toGrimm preserve German culture/heritagestories Wrote 211 stories together More stories
Fractured Fairy tale When authors modernize or change one or more of the elements of the story, the story is called a fractured fairy tale. Plot (conflict, rising action, climax, falling action, resolution) Setting (time and/or place) Character (name, character traits) Point of View Theme
Myths A mythology is a related body of stories which make up the official beliefs or explanations of a religious system. Myths attempt to explain the beginning of the world, natural phenomena, the relationships between the gods and humans, and the origins of civilization. Myths, like legends, are stories told as though they were true.
Myths Ancient Civilizations stories and beliefs