What is heart disease, and what types are there? What are the symptoms of Heart Disease? What causes of Heart Disease? How to prevention Heart Disease. Heart Disease Biology 011 Group 1 Sireah Ben Adam Nicole
What is it, and the different types?
What is Heart Disease?
Any disorder that will affect the hearts ability to function correctly
Is an umbrella word
Most Common cause of heart disease
Narrowing or blockage
Types of Heart Disease
Coronary Artery Disease
Sudden Cardiac Death
Types of Heart Disease (Cont.)
Heart Muscle Disease
Signs and Symptoms of Heart Disease
Signs and Symptoms of Heart Failure
Shortness of breath (dyspnea)
Buildup of excess fluid in body tissues (edema)
Confusion, impaired thinking
Increased heart rate
Shortness of Breath
Blood “backs up” in the pulmonary veins because the heart can’t pump fast enough.
May Experience Breathlessness…
Excess Fluid in Body Tissues
Blood flow out of the heart slows creating blockage in the veins, causing fluid build up in the tissues.
May Experience Swelling…
May Gain Weight
Confusion, Impaired Thinking
Changing levels of substances in the blood
Feelings of disorientation
Increased Heart Rate
To make up for loss in pumping capacity the heart pumps faster.
Heart palpitations (racing or throbbing of the heart)
Causes and Risks of Heart Disease
Causes Heart Attacks
Process that takes time
Plaques of cholesterol building up in arteries
The build up causes hardening of arterial wall
The build up of plaque narrows the passageway of the artery
When artery is blocked; arteries can no longer transport sufficient blood supply to body
Can affect any artery in the body
Body part will begin to hurt
Doesn’t always have symptoms
Process can be sped up by high blood pressure
Lack of activity
High Blood Cholesterol
It is one of the best ways to lower the risk of heart disease.
It makes your heart stronger.
Blood can circulate with less effort.
Regular exercise cuts risk of heart disease in half, compared to someone that does not exercise.
Can reduce the risk of high cholesterol and high blood pressure
Both can lead to heart disease
Exercise 3-4 times per week
30 minute sessions
Eat a variety of foods.
Fruits and vegetables
Low fat dairy products
Meats and fish
Reduce salt intake.
Avoid adding salt to foods.
Avoid foods that are processed with a lot of salt.
Try healthier cooking methods
Steam, bake or grill
Also trim fat and remove turkey/chicken skin
Watch the amount of saturated fat you eat.
Quitting reduces the risk of heart disease as well as many other serious illnesses. You are never too old to quit, your health will start improving immediately.
People that drink heavily are more likely to die of heart disease than those who do not.
Drink in moderation if you are going to drink.
For men that means no more than 3 units of alcohol per day.
For women that means no more than 2 units of alcohol per day.
(A unit is equal to on half pint of normal beer or lager, or a 2 ounce shot)
Do not binge drink
If you never drink or seldom drink don’t change your habits, alcohol does not protect you from heart disease.
A low dose aspirin can help reduce the risks.
Take 75-160 mg per day, this is just as effective as a higher dose.
Its benefits usually outweigh the dangers, but in some cases it can cause stomach bleeding.
High blood pressure.
Get checked for high blood pressure every 5 years at least.
Recommends the same actions the same actions listed above to reduce risk.
Manage diabetes properly if you have it.
Take any prescribed medications.
Monitor the disease.
Stick to a healthy diet.
What is Pericardial Effusion?
What are the signs and symptoms of heart failure?
What builds up in the arteries in Atherosclerosis?
What is the most commonly prescribed medicine to reduce high cholesterol?