Hypertension The Silent Killer Sarasota Memorial Hospital  Cardiac Rehab 2010
Silence is NOT Golden <ul><li>Most people who have hypertension have NO symptoms. </li></ul><ul><li>Approximately 1 in 3 A...
What is Hypertension <ul><li>Hypertension occurs when the pressure in the arteries becomes high, causing the heart to work...
Blood Pressure Defined <ul><li>The pressure in the arteries when the heart beats and when it is at rest. </li></ul><ul><li...
American Heart Association’s Recommended Values Category Systolic Diastolic Normal < 120 < 80 Prehypertension 120-139 80-8...
The Heart As A Pump <ul><li>Certain nerve impulses cause arteries to constrict and dilate. </li></ul><ul><li>The heart pum...
Complications from Uncontrolled Hypertension <ul><li>Damage to arteries </li></ul><ul><li>Aneurysm </li></ul><ul><li>Heart...
Complications from Uncontrolled Hypertension <ul><li>Blocked or ruptured blood vessels to the brain </li></ul><ul><li>Weak...
Non-Modifiable Causes <ul><li>Age </li></ul><ul><li>Race </li></ul><ul><li>Genetics </li></ul>
Modifiable Causes <ul><li>Smoking </li></ul><ul><li>Alcohol </li></ul><ul><li>Inactivity </li></ul><ul><li>Obesity </li></...
How to Control Blood Pressure <ul><li>STOP SMOKING </li></ul><ul><li>The nicotine present in tobacco products causes: </li...
Get Moving!!! <ul><li>Make physical exercise a regular part of your life </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthens the blood vessels a...
Drop the Extra Pounds <ul><li>Even a 10 lb weight loss can lower blood pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Excess weight strains th...
Eat For Your Life <ul><li>Avoid fad diets, diet pills, yo-yo dieting. </li></ul><ul><li>Eat plenty of whole grains,  </li>...
Limit Salt/Sodium Intake <ul><li>No more than 1500mg per day </li></ul><ul><li>Limit process foods; add more fresh fruits,...
Limit Alcohol Intake <ul><li>Check with your doctor if it is okay to drink alcohol and how much.  Generally one cocktail, ...
When All Else Fails <ul><li>Sometimes even doing all the right things will not lower your blood pressure to an acceptable ...
Know Your Medications <ul><li>Always ask your doctor what medicine he/she is giving you and what it is for. </li></ul><ul>...
Stay On Top Of It <ul><li>If you know you have a problem with blood pressure, it may be a good idea to monitor it at home ...
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Hypertension 2010

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Hypertension 2010

  1. 1. Hypertension The Silent Killer Sarasota Memorial Hospital Cardiac Rehab 2010
  2. 2. Silence is NOT Golden <ul><li>Most people who have hypertension have NO symptoms. </li></ul><ul><li>Approximately 1 in 3 Americans have high blood pressure; </li></ul><ul><li>Only 77.6% are aware of their condition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>67.9% currently under treatment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>44.1% have it under control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>55.9% do not </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. What is Hypertension <ul><li>Hypertension occurs when the pressure in the arteries becomes high, causing the heart to work harder than normal to pump the blood throughout the body. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Blood Pressure Defined <ul><li>The pressure in the arteries when the heart beats and when it is at rest. </li></ul><ul><li>Systolic: pressure during a heart beat </li></ul><ul><li>(the top number) </li></ul><ul><li>Diastolic: pressure when heart is at rest </li></ul><ul><li>(the bottom number) </li></ul>
  5. 5. American Heart Association’s Recommended Values Category Systolic Diastolic Normal < 120 < 80 Prehypertension 120-139 80-89 Hypertension stage I 140-159 90-99 Hypertension stage II + 160 + 100
  6. 6. The Heart As A Pump <ul><li>Certain nerve impulses cause arteries to constrict and dilate. </li></ul><ul><li>The heart pumps blood through the vessels. </li></ul><ul><li>If the vessels are wide open, blood flows freely. If vessels are narrowed, more pressure is required for blood to flow through. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Complications from Uncontrolled Hypertension <ul><li>Damage to arteries </li></ul><ul><li>Aneurysm </li></ul><ul><li>Heart failure </li></ul><ul><li>Trouble with memory or understanding </li></ul>
  8. 8. Complications from Uncontrolled Hypertension <ul><li>Blocked or ruptured blood vessels to the brain </li></ul><ul><li>Weakened blood vessels in the kidneys </li></ul><ul><li>Thickened, narrowed, or torn blood vessels in the eyes </li></ul>
  9. 9. Non-Modifiable Causes <ul><li>Age </li></ul><ul><li>Race </li></ul><ul><li>Genetics </li></ul>
  10. 10. Modifiable Causes <ul><li>Smoking </li></ul><ul><li>Alcohol </li></ul><ul><li>Inactivity </li></ul><ul><li>Obesity </li></ul><ul><li>Stress </li></ul><ul><li>Too much salt </li></ul><ul><li>Too little potassium </li></ul><ul><li>Other conditions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High cholesterol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diabetes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kidney disease </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sleep apnea </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. How to Control Blood Pressure <ul><li>STOP SMOKING </li></ul><ul><li>The nicotine present in tobacco products causes: </li></ul><ul><li>Decreased oxygen to the heart. </li></ul><ul><li>Increased blood pressure and heart rate. </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in blood clotting. </li></ul><ul><li>Damage to cells that line coronary arteries and other blood vessels. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Get Moving!!! <ul><li>Make physical exercise a regular part of your life </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthens the blood vessels and helps to control BP. </li></ul><ul><li>30-60 min a day to control blood pressure </li></ul>
  13. 13. Drop the Extra Pounds <ul><li>Even a 10 lb weight loss can lower blood pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Excess weight strains the heart and increases blood pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Make healthy eating a way of life </li></ul>
  14. 14. Eat For Your Life <ul><li>Avoid fad diets, diet pills, yo-yo dieting. </li></ul><ul><li>Eat plenty of whole grains, </li></ul><ul><li>8 servings of fruits, vegetables/day </li></ul><ul><li>Legumes </li></ul>
  15. 15. Limit Salt/Sodium Intake <ul><li>No more than 1500mg per day </li></ul><ul><li>Limit process foods; add more fresh fruits, vegetables, and whole grains </li></ul><ul><li>Follow the DASH diet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.dashdiet.org </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Limit Alcohol Intake <ul><li>Check with your doctor if it is okay to drink alcohol and how much. Generally one cocktail, beer or wine per day is acceptable. </li></ul>
  17. 17. When All Else Fails <ul><li>Sometimes even doing all the right things will not lower your blood pressure to an acceptable level. </li></ul><ul><li>When that happens, your doctor may put you on one or more blood pressure medications. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Know Your Medications <ul><li>Always ask your doctor what medicine he/she is giving you and what it is for. </li></ul><ul><li>Pay attention to how the new medication makes you feel. </li></ul><ul><li>Report any adverse side effects to your doctor. </li></ul><ul><li>Never stop taking blood pressure medication without the permission of your doctor. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Stay On Top Of It <ul><li>If you know you have a problem with blood pressure, it may be a good idea to monitor it at home and record your readings for your doctor. </li></ul>

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