Heart Disease

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  • Heart Disease

    1. 1. What is heart disease, and what types are there? What are the symptoms of Heart Disease? What causes of Heart Disease? How to prevention Heart Disease. Heart Disease Biology 011 Group 1 Sireah Ben Adam Nicole
    2. 2. What is it, and the different types?
    3. 3. What is Heart Disease? <ul><li>Any disorder that will affect the hearts ability to function correctly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is an umbrella word </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Most Common cause of heart disease </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Narrowing or blockage </li></ul></ul>
    4. 5. Types of Heart Disease <ul><li>Coronary Artery Disease </li></ul><ul><li>Heart Attack </li></ul><ul><li>Sudden Cardiac Death </li></ul>
    5. 6. Types of Heart Disease (Cont.) <ul><li>Heart Muscle Disease </li></ul><ul><li>Pericardial Disease </li></ul><ul><li>Pericardial Effusion </li></ul>
    6. 7. Signs and Symptoms of Heart Disease
    7. 8. Signs and Symptoms of Heart Failure <ul><li>Shortness of breath (dyspnea) </li></ul><ul><li>Buildup of excess fluid in body tissues (edema) </li></ul><ul><li>Confusion, impaired thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Increased heart rate </li></ul>
    8. 9. Shortness of Breath <ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><li>Blood “backs up” in the pulmonary veins because the heart can’t pump fast enough. </li></ul><ul><li>May Experience Breathlessness… </li></ul><ul><li>During activity </li></ul><ul><li>While sleeping </li></ul><ul><li>Feel… </li></ul><ul><li>Tired </li></ul><ul><li>Anxious </li></ul><ul><li>Restless </li></ul>
    9. 10. Excess Fluid in Body Tissues <ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><li>Blood flow out of the heart slows creating blockage in the veins, causing fluid build up in the tissues. </li></ul><ul><li>May Experience Swelling… </li></ul><ul><li>In feet </li></ul><ul><li>In ankles </li></ul><ul><li>In legs </li></ul><ul><li>Of abdomen </li></ul><ul><li>May Gain Weight </li></ul>
    10. 11. Confusion, Impaired Thinking <ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><li>Changing levels of substances in the blood </li></ul><ul><li>May Experience… </li></ul><ul><li>Memory loss </li></ul><ul><li>Feelings of disorientation </li></ul>
    11. 12. Increased Heart Rate <ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><li>To make up for loss in pumping capacity the heart pumps faster. </li></ul><ul><li>May Experience… </li></ul><ul><li>Heart palpitations (racing or throbbing of the heart) </li></ul>
    12. 13. Causes and Risks of Heart Disease
    13. 14. Atherosclerosis <ul><li>Causes Heart Attacks </li></ul><ul><li>Process that takes time </li></ul><ul><li>Plaques of cholesterol building up in arteries </li></ul>
    14. 15. Atherosclerosis <ul><li>The build up causes hardening of arterial wall </li></ul><ul><li>The build up of plaque narrows the passageway of the artery </li></ul><ul><li>When artery is blocked; arteries can no longer transport sufficient blood supply to body </li></ul>
    15. 16. Atherosclerosis <ul><li>Can affect any artery in the body </li></ul><ul><li>Body part will begin to hurt </li></ul><ul><li>Develop lesions </li></ul><ul><li>Doesn’t always have symptoms </li></ul>
    16. 17. Atherosclerosis <ul><li>Process can be sped up by high blood pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Elevated cholesterol </li></ul><ul><li>Smoking </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetes </li></ul>
    17. 18. Risks <ul><li>Lack of activity </li></ul><ul><li>Obesity </li></ul><ul><li>Smoking </li></ul><ul><li>High Blood Cholesterol </li></ul><ul><li>Stress </li></ul>
    18. 20. <ul><li>It is one of the best ways to lower the risk of heart disease. </li></ul><ul><li>It makes your heart stronger. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blood can circulate with less effort. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Regular exercise cuts risk of heart disease in half, compared to someone that does not exercise. </li></ul><ul><li>Can reduce the risk of high cholesterol and high blood pressure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Both can lead to heart disease </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Exercise 3-4 times per week </li></ul><ul><ul><li>30 minute sessions </li></ul></ul>
    19. 21. <ul><li>Eat a variety of foods. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fruits and vegetables </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low fat dairy products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meats and fish </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grains </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reduce salt intake. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid adding salt to foods. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid foods that are processed with a lot of salt. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Try healthier cooking methods </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Steam, bake or grill </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t fry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Also trim fat and remove turkey/chicken skin </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Watch the amount of saturated fat you eat. </li></ul>
    20. 22. <ul><li>Quitting reduces the risk of heart disease as well as many other serious illnesses. You are never too old to quit, your health will start improving immediately. </li></ul>
    21. 23. <ul><li>People that drink heavily are more likely to die of heart disease than those who do not. </li></ul><ul><li>Drink in moderation if you are going to drink. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For men that means no more than 3 units of alcohol per day. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For women that means no more than 2 units of alcohol per day. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(A unit is equal to on half pint of normal beer or lager, or a 2 ounce shot) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Do not binge drink </li></ul><ul><li>If you never drink or seldom drink don’t change your habits, alcohol does not protect you from heart disease. </li></ul>
    22. 24. <ul><li>A low dose aspirin can help reduce the risks. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Take 75-160 mg per day, this is just as effective as a higher dose. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Its benefits usually outweigh the dangers, but in some cases it can cause stomach bleeding. </li></ul></ul>
    23. 25. <ul><li>High blood pressure. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Get checked for high blood pressure every 5 years at least. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recommends the same actions the same actions listed above to reduce risk. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Manage diabetes properly if you have it. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Take any prescribed medications. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitor the disease. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stick to a healthy diet. </li></ul></ul>
    24. 26. Recap <ul><li>What is Pericardial Effusion? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the signs and symptoms of heart failure? </li></ul><ul><li>What builds up in the arteries in Atherosclerosis? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the most commonly prescribed medicine to reduce high cholesterol? </li></ul>

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