Eleventh five year plan

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Eleventh five year plan

  1. 1. Eleventh Five-year Plan(2007-12)<br />Presented by:<br />Bhobotosh Debnath<br />MBA first semester, Nagaland University<br />
  2. 2. Introduction<br />Prime Minster Jawaharlal Nehru set up the planning commission in 1950. The first Five-Year Plan commenced in 1950-51. <br /><ul><li>The guiding principles of India’s Five-Year Plans are provided by the basic objectives of growth, employment, self reliance and social justice. </li></li></ul><li>Five- year Planning in India so far:<br />
  3. 3.
  4. 4. THE ELEVENTH FIVE YEAR PLAN:-INTRODUCTION<br />The Eleventh Five Year Plan was approved by the National Development Council on 19 December 2007. <br />The Eleventh Plan set a target for 9% growth in the five year period 2007–08<br />Chairman of the 11th 5-Year plan is Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh<br />
  5. 5. THE 27 NATIONAL TARGETS (Key Targets)<br />Twenty-seven targets at the national level fall in six major categories. The six categories are:<br /> (i) Income and Poverty; (ii) Education; (iii) Health; (iv) Women and Children; (v) Infrastructure; and (vi) Environment. The targets in each of these categories are given below.<br />
  6. 6. THE KEY NATIONAL TARGETS<br />Income and Poverty<br /> • Average GDP growth rate of 9% per year in the Eleventh Plan period.<br /> • Agricultural GDP growth rate at 4% per year on the average.<br /> • Generation of 58 million new work opportunities.<br /> • Reduction of unemployment among the educated to less than 5%<br /> • 20% rise in the real wage rate of unskilled workers.<br /> • Reduction in the head-count ratio of consumption poverty by 10 percentage points.<br />
  7. 7. THE KEY NATIONAL TARGETS<br />(ii) Education<br /> • Reduction in the dropout rates of children at the elementary level from 52.2% in 2003–04 to 20% by 2011–12.<br /> • Developing minimum standards of educational attainment in elementary schools, to ensure quality education.<br /> • Increasing the literacy rate for persons of age 7 years or more to 85% by 2011–12.<br /> • Reducing the gender gap in literacy to 10 percentage points by 2011–12.<br /> • Increasing the percentage of each cohort going to higher education from the present 10% to 15% by 2011–12.<br />
  8. 8. THE KEY NATIONAL TARGETS<br />(iii) Health<br /> • Infant mortality rate (IMR) to be reduced to 28 and maternal mortality ratio (MMR) to 1 per 1000 live births by the end of the Eleventh Plan.<br /> • Total Fertility Rate to be reduced to 2.1 by the end of the Eleventh Plan.<br /> • Clean drinking water to be available for all by 2009, ensuring that there are no slip-backs by the end of the Eleventh Plan.<br /> • Malnutrition among children of age group 0–3 to be reduced to half its present level by the end of the Eleventh Plan.<br /> • Anaemia among women and girls to be reduced to half its present level by the end of the Eleventh Plan. <br />
  9. 9. THE KEY NATIONAL TARGETS<br />(iv) Women and Children<br /> • Sex ratio for age group 0–6 to be raised to 935 by 2011– 12 and to 950 by 2016–17.<br /> • Ensuring that at least 33% of the direct and indirect beneficiaries of all government schemes are women and girl children.<br /> • Ensuring that all children enjoy a safe childhood, without any compulsion to work.<br />
  10. 10. THE KEY NATIONAL TARGETS<br />(v) Infrastructure<br /> • To ensure electricity connection to all villages and BPL households by 2009 and reliable power by the end of the Plan.<br /> • To ensure all-weather road connection to all habitations with population 1000 and above (500 and above in hilly and tribal areas) by 2009, and all significant habitations by 2015.<br /> • To connect every village by telephone and provide broadband connectivity to all villages by 2012.<br /> • To provide homestead sites to all by 2012 and step up the pace of house construction for rural poor to cover all the poor by 2016–17.<br />
  11. 11. THE KEY NATIONAL TARGETS<br />(vi) Environment<br /> • To increase forest and tree cover by 5 percentage points.<br /> • To attain WHO standards of air quality in all major cities by 2011–12.<br /> • To treat all urban waste water by 2011–12 to clean river waters.<br /> • To increase energy efficiency by 20% by 2016–17.<br />
  12. 12. THE 13 STATE-SPECIFIC TARGETS<br />The Eleventh Plan has been formulated in a manner whereby 13 of the 27 monitor able national targets have been disaggregated into appropriate targets for individual States. These are<br /> (i) GDP growth rate<br /> (ii) Agricultural growth rate<br /> (iii) New work opportunities<br /> (iv) Poverty ratio<br /> (v) Drop out rate in elementary schools<br /> (vi) Literacy rate<br /> (vii) Gender gap in literacy rate<br />
  13. 13. THE 13 STATE-SPECIFIC TARGETS<br />(viii) Infant mortality rate (IMR)<br /> (ix) Maternal mortality ratio (MMR)<br /> (x) Total Fertility Rate (TFR)<br /> (xi) Child malnutrition<br /> (xii) Anemia among women and girls<br /> (xiii) Sex-ratio<br /> Appropriate policies and programeshave to be identified both at the Central and State levels so as to ensure realization of these targets in the Eleventh Plan period.<br />
  14. 14. Achievement And Growth Rate:1.Growth of national and per capita income: National incomeAverage Gr. 3.4% and PCI 1.2%.2.Rise in life expectancy: 1951-32 years, 2001-64 years.3.Development of a huge educational system:4.Development of science and technology: 5.Development of agriculture leading to self sufficiency in food grains and raw materials: Land reform/NAS/Green Revolution. 4% growth in this sector.6.Impressive industrialisation in the capital goods sector with the help of the public sector: industries during British period were related to consumers’ goods such as matches, sugar, cotton, etc.<br />
  15. 15. FAILURS:<br /><ul><li>The continuing poverty:
  16. 16. Theexistence of unemployment and under employment
  17. 17. Continuance of high population growth rate
  18. 18. Widening regional disparities:
  19. 19. Lack of human development:
  20. 20. Divergence between wholesale price and index and consumer price index:
  21. 21. To check the deficit in balance of trade: </li>
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